Learning and Interacting in Human-Robot Domains

Monica N. Nicolescu and Maja J Mataric

Human-agent interaction is a growing area of research; there are many approaches that address significantly different aspects of agent social intelligence. In this paper, we focus on a robotic domain in which a human acts both as a teacher and a collaborator to a mobile robot. First, we present an approach that allows a robot to learn task representations from its own experiences of interacting with a human. While most approaches to learning from demonstration have focused on acquiring policies (i.e., collections of reactive rules), we demonstrate a mechanism that constructs high-level task representations based on the robot's underlying capabilities. Second, we describe a generalization of the framework to allow a robot to interact with humans in order to handle unexpected situations that can occur in its task execution. Without using explicit communication, the robot is able to engage a human to aid it during certain parts of task execution. We demonstrate our concepts with a mobile robot learning various tasks from a human, and, when needed, interacting with a human in order to perform them.