A Modular Software Architecture for Real-Time Video Processing

Alexandre R.J. Francois


Abstract

An increasing number of computer vision applications require on-line processing of data streams, preferably in real-time. This trend is fueled by the mainstream availability of low cost imaging devices, and the steady increase in computing power. To meet these requirements, applications should manipu-late data streams in concurrent processing environments, taking into consider-ation scheduling, planning and synchronization issues. Those can be solved in specialized systems using ad hoc designs and implementations, that sacrifice flexibility and generality for performance.

Instead, we propose a generic, extensible, modular software architecture. The cornerstone of this architecture is the Flow Scheduling Framework (FSF), an extensible set of classes that provide basic synchronization functionality and control mechanisms to develop data-stream processing components. Applications are built in a data-flow program-ming model, as the specification of data streams flowing through processing nodes, where they can undergo various manipulations. We describe the details of the FSF data and processing model that supports stream synchronization in a concurrent processing framework.

We demonstrate the power of our architecture for video processing with a real-time video stream segmentation application. We also show dramatic throughput improvement over sequential execution models with a port of the pyramidal Lukas-Kanade feature tracker demonstration appli-cation from the Intel Open Computer Vision library.


Maintained by Philippos Mordohai