23.4.3 Character Segmentation, Segmentation of Individual Characters

Chapter Contents (Back)
Segmentation.

Bednar, G.M.[Gregory M.], Fryer, G.B.[George B.],
Method and apparatus for segmenting character images,
US_Patent4,562,594, Dec 31, 1985
WWW Version. BibRef 8512

Tappert, C.C.[Charles C.],
Recognition system for run-on handwritten characters,
US_Patent4,731,857, March 15, 1988.
WWW Version. BibRef 8803

Tanaka, H.[Hideaki], Katurada, M.[Morihiro], Konya, M.[Minehiro],
Method of detecting a space between words with optical character reader,
US_Patent4,847,912, July 11, 1989.
WWW Version. BibRef 8907

Feldgajer, O.[Oleg],
Universal character segmentation scheme for multifont OCR images,
US_Patent4,932,065, Jun 5, 1990
WWW Version. BibRef 9006

Tsujimoto, S.[Shuichi], Asada, H.[Haruo],
Resolving Ambiguity in Segmenting Touching Characters,
SDIA92(xx-yy). BibRef 9200

Fenrich, R.K.[Richard K.], Srihari, S.N.[Sargur N.],
System for recognizing handwritten character strings containing overlapping and/or broken characters,
US_Patent5,321,768, June 14, 1994.
WWW Version. BibRef 9406

Niki, T.[Toru],
Image processing for pattern extraction,
US_Patent5,335,294, Aug 2, 1994
WWW Version. Extract the character. BibRef 9408

Casey, R.G., Lecolinet, E.,
A Survey of Methods and Strategies in Character Segmentation,
PAMI(18), No. 7, July 1996, pp. 690-706.
IEEE DOI Link 9608
Survey, Character Segmentation. Evaluation, Segmentation. A good bibliography of related papers. BibRef

Lecolinet, E.,
Segmentation d'images de mots manuscrits,
Ph.D.Thesis, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, March 1990. BibRef 9003

Lu, Y.[Yi],
Machine printed character segmentation: An overview,
PR(28), No. 1, January 1995, pp. 67-80.
WWW Version. 0401
BibRef

Hoffman, R.L., and McCullough, J.W.,
Segmentation Methods for Recognition of Machine-Printed Characters,
IBMRD(15), No. 2, March 1971, pp. 153-165. BibRef 7103

Parui, S.K., Chaudhuri, B.B., Majumder, D.D.,
A Procedure for Recognition of Connected Handwritten Numerals,
IJSS(13), No. 9, 1982, pp. 1019-1029. BibRef 8200

Mori, S., Gillespie, W., Suen, C.Y.,
Constrained Bidirectional Propagation and Stroke Segmentation,
PRL(1), 1983, pp. 161-167. BibRef 8300

Wang, L., and Pavlidis, T.,
Direct Gray-Scale Extraction of Features for Character Recognition,
PAMI(15), No. 10, October 1993, pp. 1053-1067.
IEEE DOI Link BibRef 9310

Wang, L., Pavlidis, T.,
A geometric approach to machine-printed character recognition,
CVPR92(665-668).
IEEE DOI Link 0403
BibRef

Fukushima, K., and Imagawa, T.,
Recognition and Segmentation of Connected Characters with Selective Attention,
NeurNet(6), No. 1, 1993, pp. 33-41. BibRef 9300

Rocha, J., and Pavlidis, T.,
A Shape Analysis Model with Applications to a Character Recognition System,
PAMI(16), No. 4, April 1994, pp. 393-404.
IEEE DOI Link BibRef 9404
Earlier: WACV92(182-189).
IEEE Abstract. 0403
BibRef

Rocha, J., Pavlidis, T.,
Character-Recognition Without Segmentation,
PAMI(17), No. 9, September 1995, pp. 903-909.
IEEE DOI Link BibRef 9509
Earlier:
A Neew Method for Word Recognition Without Segmentation,
SPIE(1906), February 1993, pp. 74-80. Recognize broken and touching characters. BibRef

Weissman, H., Schenkel, M., Guyon, I., Nohl, C., Henderson, D.,
Recognition-Based Segmentation of Online Run-On Handprinted Words: Input vs. Output Segmentation,
PR(27), No. 3, March 1994, pp. 405-420.
WWW Version. BibRef 9403

Guyon, I., Albrecht, P., Le Cun, Y.L., Denker, J.S., Hubbard, W.,
Design of a Neural Network Character Recognizer for a Touch Terminal,
PR(24), No. 2, 1991, pp. 105-119.
WWW Version. BibRef 9100

Liang, S., Shridhar, M., Ahmadi, M.,
Segmentation Of Touching Characters In Printed Document Recognition,
PR(27), No. 6, June 1994, pp. 825-840. BibRef 9406
Earlier:
WWW Version. ICDAR93(569-572). BibRef

Su, L.[Liang], Ahmadi, M., Shridhar, M.,
A Morphological Approach to Text String Extraction from Regular Periodic Overlapping Text-Background Images,
GMIP(56), No. 5, September 1994, pp. 402-413. BibRef 9409
Earlier: ICIP94(I: 144-148).
IEEE DOI Link 9411
E.g. the kinds of text in newspaper headlines. BibRef

Wang, J., and Jean, J.,
Segmentation of Merged Characters by Neural Networks and Shortest Path,
PR(27), No. 5, May 1994, pp. 649-658.
WWW Version. BibRef 9405

Iliescu, S., Shinghal, R., Teo, R.Y.M.,
Proposed Heuristic Procedures to Preprocess Character Patterns Using Line Adjacency Graphs,
PR(29), No. 6, June 1996, pp. 951-975.
WWW Version. 9606
BibRef

Whichello, A.P., Yan, H.,
Linking Broken Character Borders with Variable Sized Masks to Improve Recognition,
PR(29), No. 8, August 1996, pp. 1429-1435.
WWW Version. 9608
BibRef

Lee, S.W., Lee, D.J., Park, H.S.,
A New Methodology for Gray-Scale Character Segmentation and Recognition,
PAMI(18), No. 10, October 1996, pp. 1045-1050.
IEEE DOI Link 9611
BibRef
And: Corrections: PAMI(18), No. 12, December 1996, pp. 1262.
IEEE DOI Link BibRef

Holeva, L.F.,
Foreground-Background Segmentation of Optical Character-Recognition Labels by a Single Layer Recurrent Neural-Network,
JEI(5), No. 2, April 1996, pp. 225-236. 9609
BibRef

Lu, Y., Shridhar, M.,
Character Segmentation in Handwritten Words: An Overview,
PR(29), No. 1, January 1996, pp. 77-96.
WWW Version. BibRef 9601

Shi, Z.X., Govindaraju, V.,
Segmentation and Recognition of Connected Handwritten Numeral Strings,
PR(30), No. 9, September 1997, pp. 1501-1504.
WWW Version. 9708
BibRef

Liang, S., Ahmadi, M., Shridhar, M.,
Segmentation of Handwritten Interference Marks Using Multiple Directional Stroke Planes and Reformalized Morphological Approach,
IP(6), No. 8, August 1997, pp. 1195-1202.
IEEE DOI Link 9708
BibRef

Huttenlocher, D.P.[Daniel P.], Hopcroft, M.J.[Michael J.],
Method of deriving wordshapes for subsequent comparison,
US_Patent5,640,466, June 17, 1997.
WWW Version. BibRef 9706

Le Cun, Y.A.[Yann Andre],
Method and apparatus for standardization of inputs to word recognition systems,
US_Patent5,774,586, June 30, 1998.
WWW Version. BibRef 9806

Tseng, L.Y.[Lin Yu], Chen, R.C.[Rung Ching],
Segmenting Handwritten Chinese Characters Based on Heuristic Merging of Stroke Bounding Boxes and Dynamic Programming,
PRL(19), No. 10, 31 August 1998, pp. 963-973. BibRef 9808

Bae, J.H., Jung, K.C., Kim, J.W., Kim, H.J.,
Segmentation of Touching Characters Using an MLP,
PRL(19), No. 8, June 1998, pp. 701-709. 9808
BibRef

Yanikoglu, B.[Berrin], Sandon, P.A.[Peter A.],
Segmentation of off-line cursive handwriting using linear programming,
PR(31), No. 12, December 1998, pp. 1825-1833.
WWW Version. BibRef 9812

Yu, D.G.[Dong-Gang], Yan, H.[Hong],
Separation of single-touching handwritten numeral strings based on structural features,
PR(31), No. 12, December 1998, pp. 1835-1847.
WWW Version. BibRef 9812

Yu, D.G.[Dong-Gang], Yan, H.[Hong],
Separation of touching handwritten multi-numeral strings based on morphological structural features,
PR(34), No. 3, March 2001, pp. 587-599.
WWW Version. 0101
BibRef

Yu, D.G.[Dong-Gang], Yan, H.[Hong],
Reconstruction of broken handwritten digits based on structural morphological features,
PR(34), No. 2, February 2001, pp. 235-254.
WWW Version. 0011
BibRef

Lu, Z.K.[Zhong-Kang], Chi, Z.[Zheru], Siu, W.C.[Wan-Chi], Shi, P.F.[Peng-Fei],
A background-thinning-based approach for separating and recognizing connected handwritten digit strings,
PR(32), No. 6, June 1999, pp. 921-933.
WWW Version. BibRef 9906

Nakajima, Y., Mori, S., Takegami, S., Sato, S.,
Global methods for stroke segmentation,
IJDAR(2), No. 1, 1999, pp. 19-23. BibRef 9900

Chang, T.C., Chen, S.Y.,
Character Segmentation Using Convex-Hull Techniques,
PRAI(13), No. 6, September 1999, pp. 833. 0005
BibRef

Yanikoglu, B.A.[Berrin A.],
Pitch Based Segmentation and Recognition of Dot-Matrix Text,
IJDAR(3), No. 1, 2000, pp. 34-39. 0008
BibRef

Xiao, X.H.[Xu-Hong], Leedham, G.[Graham],
Knowledge-based English cursive script segmentation,
PRL(21), No. 10, October 2000, pp. 945-954. 0008
See also Signature verification using a modified Bayesian network. BibRef

Chen, Y.[Yan], Leedham, G.,
Independent component analysis segmentation algorithm,
ICDAR05(II: 680-684).
IEEE DOI Link 0508
Segmenting overlapping strokes. BibRef

Zhu, X.Y.[Xiao-Yan], Hao, Y.[Yu], Shi, Y.[Yifan], Wang, S.[Song],
A Criterion Based on Fourier Transform for Segmentation of Connected Digits,
IJDAR(3), No. 1, 2000, pp. 27-33. 0008
BibRef

Cheriet, M.,
Extraction of Handwritten Data from Noisy Gray-Level Images Using a Multiscale Approach,
PRAI(13), No. 5, August 1999, pp. 665. 0005
BibRef

Vaezi, M.R.[Mehrzad R.], Sherrick, C.A.[Christopher Allen],
Method and apparatus for character recognition,
US_Patent6,081,616, Jun 27, 2000
WWW Version. BibRef 0006

Azmi, R., Kabir, E.,
A new segmentation technique for omnifont Farsi text,
PRL(22), No. 2, February 2001, pp. 97-104.
Elsevier DOI Link 0101
BibRef

Sharma, G.,
Show-through cancellation in scans of duplex printed documents,
IP(10), No. 5, May 2001, pp. 736-754.
IEEE DOI Link 0105
BibRef

Sharma, G.,
Cancellation of Show-through in Duplex Scanning,
ICIP00(Vol II: 609-612).
IEEE DOI Link 0008
BibRef

Ye, X.Y.[Xiang-Yun], Cheriet, M., Suen, C.Y.,
Stroke-model-based character extraction from gray-level document images,
IP(10), No. 8, August 2001, pp. 1152-1161.
IEEE DOI Link 0108
BibRef

Melhi, M., Ipson, S.S., Booth, W.,
A novel triangulation procedure for thinning hand-written text,
PRL(22), No. 10, August 2001, pp. 1059-1071.
Elsevier DOI Link 0108
BibRef

Park, H.C.[Hwan-Chul], Ok, S.Y.[Se-Young], Yu, Y.J.[Young-Jung], Cho, H.G.[Hwan-Gue],
A word extraction algorithm for machine-printed documents using a 3D neighborhood graph model,
IJDAR(4), No. 2 2001, pp. 115-130.
HTML Version. 0201
BibRef

Bansal, V.[Veena], Sinha, R.M.K.,
Segmentation of touching and fused Devanagari characters,
PR(35), No. 4, April 2002, pp. 875-893.
WWW Version. 0201
BibRef

Lu, Z.K.[Zhong-Kang], Chi, Z.[Zheru], Siu, W.C.[Wan-Chi],
Extraction and Optimization of B-Spline PBD Templates for Recognition of Connected Handwritten Digit Strings,
PAMI(24), No. 1, January 2002, pp. 132-139.
IEEE DOI Link 0201
PBD: Pixel-Boundary-Distance BibRef

Zhou, J.[Jie], Krzyzak, A.[Adam], Suen, C.Y.[Ching Y.],
Verification Method of Enhancing the Recognizers of Isolated and Touching Handwritten Numerals,
PR(35), No. 5, May 2002, pp. 1179-1189.
Elsevier DOI Link 0202
BibRef

Goto, H.[Hideaki], Aso, H.[Hirotomo],
Character pattern extraction from documents with complex backgrounds,
IJDAR(4), No. 4, 2002, pp. 258-268.
HTML Version. 0208
BibRef
Earlier:
Character Pattern Extraction Based on Local Multilevel Thresholding and Region Growing,
ICPR00(Vol IV: 430-433).
IEEE DOI Link 0009
To get the characters from the background (i.e. printed over an image). Use multilevel thresholding and region growing. For small characters, 1.5 pixels wide. BibRef

Goto, H.[Hideaki], Aso, H.[Hirotomo],
Screen Pattern Removal for Character Pattern Extraction from High-Resolution Color Document Images,
IEICE(E88-D), No. 6, June 2005, pp. 1310-1313.
DOI Link 0506
BibRef
Earlier: ICPR04(I: 490-493).
IEEE DOI Link 0409
BibRef
Earlier:
Character pattern extraction from colorful documents with complex backgrounds,
ICPR02(III: 180-183).
IEEE DOI Link 0211
BibRef

Zhong, D.X.[David X.],
Extraction of embedded and/or line-touching character-like objects,
PR(35), No. 11, November 2002, pp. 2453-2466.
WWW Version. 0208
BibRef

Pal, U., Belaďd, A., Choisy, C.,
Touching numeral segmentation using water reservoir concept,
PRL(24), No. 1-3, January 2003, pp. 261-272.
Elsevier DOI Link 0211
BibRef
Earlier:
Water reservoir based approach for touching numeral segmentation,
ICDAR01(892-896).
IEEE DOI Link 0109
BibRef

Garain, U., Chaudhuri, B.B.,
Segmentation of touching characters in printed Devnagari and Bangla scripts using fuzzy multifactorial analysis,
SMC-C(32), No. 4, November 2002, pp. 449-459.
IEEE Top Reference. 0301
BibRef
Earlier: ICDAR01(805-809).
IEEE DOI Link 0109
See also Segmentation of touching symbols for OCR of printed mathematical expressions: an approach based on multifactorial analysis. BibRef

Elnagar, A.[Ashraf], Alhajj, R.[Reda],
Segmentation of connected handwritten numeral strings,
PR(36), No. 3, March 2003, pp. 625-634.
WWW Version. 0301
BibRef
Earlier: A2, A1:
A novel approach to separate handwritten connected digits,
ICDAR03(1198-1202).
IEEE Abstract. 0311
BibRef

Alhajj, R., Elnagar, A.,
Multiagents to Separating Handwritten Connected Digits,
SMC-A(35), No. 5, September 2005, pp. 593-602.
IEEE DOI Link 0508
BibRef

Song, J.Q.A.[Ji-Qi-Ang], Li, Z.[Zuo], Lyu, M.R., Cai, S.J.[Shi-Jie],
Recognition of merged characters based on forepart prediction, necessity-sufficiency matching, and character-adaptive masking,
SMC-B(35), No. 1, February 2005, pp. 2-11.
IEEE Abstract. 0501
BibRef

Ben Braiek, E.[Ezzedine], Cheriet, M.[Mohamed], Dori, V.[Vincent],
SKCS: New separable kernel family with compact support: Application to visual segmentation of handwritten data,
ELCVIA(5), No. 1, March 2005, pp. 14-29.
WWW Version. See also KCS--New--New Kernel Family with Compact Support in Scale Space: Formulation and Impact. BibRef 0503

Liang, Z.Z.[Zhi-Zhen], Shi, P.F.[Peng-Fei],
A metasynthetic approach for segmenting handwritten Chinese character strings,
PRL(26), No. 10, 15 July 2005, pp. 1498-1511.
WWW Version. 0506
BibRef

Nomura, S.[Shigueo], Yamanaka, K.[Keiji], Katai, O.[Osamu], Kawakami, H.[Hiroshi], Shiose, T.[Takayuki],
A novel adaptive morphological approach for degraded character image segmentation,
PR(38), No. 11, November 2005, pp. 1961-1975.
WWW Version. 0509
BibRef

Uchida, S., Nomura, A., Suzuki, M.,
Quantitative analysis of mathematical documents,
IJDAR(7), No. 4, September 2005, pp. 211-218.
Springer DOI Link 0512
BibRef

Suzuki, M., Uchida, S., Nomura, A.,
A ground-truthed mathematical character and symbol image database,
ICDAR05(II: 675-679).
IEEE DOI Link 0508
BibRef

Nomura, A., Michishita, K., Uchida, S., Suzuki, M.,
Detection and segmentation of touching characters in mathematical expressions,
ICDAR03(126-130).
IEEE Abstract. 0311
BibRef

Garain, U.[Utpal], Paquet, T.[Thierry], Heutte, L.[Laurent],
On foreground/background separation in low quality document images,
IJDAR(8), No. 1, April 2006, pp. 47-63.
Springer DOI Link 0605
BibRef
Earlier:
On foreground-background separation in low quality color document images,
ICDAR05(II: 585-589).
IEEE DOI Link 0508
BibRef

Dawoud, A.,
Iterative Cross Section Sequence Graph for Handwritten Character Segmentation,
IP(16), No. 8, August 2007, pp. 2150-2154.
IEEE DOI Link 0709
BibRef

Jindal, M.K.[Manish Kumar], Lehal, G.S.[Gurpreet Singh], Sharma, R.K.[Rajendra Kumar],
On Segmentation of Touching Characters and Overlapping Lines in Degraded Printed Gurmukhi Script,
IJIG(9), No. 3, July 2009, pp. 321-353.
DOI Link 0911
BibRef

Sumetphong, C.[Chaivatna], Tangwongsan, S.[Supachai],
Modeling broken characters recognition as a set-partitioning problem,
PRL(33), No. 16, 1 December 2012, pp. 2270-2279.
Elsevier DOI Link 1210
Broken characters recognition; Set partitioning problem; Probability functions; Integer programming; Heuristics BibRef

Ribas, F.C., Oliveira, L.S., Britto Jr., A.S., Sabourin, R.,
Handwritten digit segmentation: a comparative study,
IJDAR(16), No. 2, June 2013, pp. 127-137.
Springer DOI Link 1306
Survey, Digit Segmentation. BibRef

Liu, W.Y.[Wen-Yin], Tong, L.[Lu], Yu, Y.[Yajie], Shuang, L.[Liang], Rui, Z.[Zhang],
Online stroke segmentation by quick penalty-based dynamic programming,
IET-CV(7), No. 5, October 2013, pp. 311-319.
DOI Link 1402
computational geometry BibRef

Yin, L.[Liu], Yu, Y.[Yajie], Liu, W.Y.[Wen-Yin],
Online segmentation of freehand stroke by dynamic programming,
ICDAR05(I: 197-201).
IEEE DOI Link 0508
BibRef

Xu, L.[Liang], Yin, F.[Fei], Wang, Q.F.[Qiu-Feng], Liu, C.L.[Cheng-Lin],
An over-segmentation method for single-touching Chinese handwriting with learning-based filtering,
IJDAR(17), No. 1, March 2014, pp. 91-104.
Springer DOI Link 1403
BibRef

Fernández-Mota, D.[David], Lladós, J.[Josep], Fornés, A.[Alicia],
A graph-based approach for segmenting touching lines in historical handwritten documents,
IJDAR(17), No. 3, September 2014, pp. 293-312.
Springer DOI Link 1408
BibRef


Hamrouni, S.[Sameh], Cloppet, F.[Florence], Vincent, N.[Nicole],
Handwritten and Printed Text Separation: Linearity and Regularity Assessment,
ICIAR14(I: 387-394).
Springer DOI Link 1410
BibRef

Garz, A., Fischer, A., Bunke, H., Ingold, R.,
A Binarization-Free Clustering Approach to Segment Curved Text Lines in Historical Manuscripts,
ICDAR13(1290-1294)
IEEE DOI Link 1312
document image processing BibRef

Halder, C., Roy, K.,
Word and Character Segmentation for Bangla Handwriting Analysis and Recognition,
NCVPRIPG11(243-246).
IEEE DOI Link 1205
BibRef

Bag, S., Bhowmick, P., Harit, G., Biswas, A.,
Character Segmentation of Handwritten Bangla Text by Vertex Characterization of Isothetic Covers,
NCVPRIPG11(21-24).
IEEE DOI Link 1205
BibRef

Sachan, D., Dutta, S., Naveen, T.S., Jawahar, C.V.,
Segmentation of Degraded Malayalam Words: Methods and Evaluation,
NCVPRIPG11(70-73).
IEEE DOI Link 1205
BibRef

Lawgali, A., Bouridane, A., Angelova, M., Ghassemlooy, Z.,
Automatic segmentation for Arabic characters in handwriting documents,
ICIP11(3529-3532).
IEEE DOI Link 1201
BibRef

Murali Krishna, M., Reddy, D.V.R.K.[D.V.R. Koti],
An OCR-character segmentation using Routing based fast replacement paths in Reach Algorithm,
ICIIP11(1-7).
IEEE DOI Link 1112
BibRef

Song, Y.H.[Yong-Hong], Xiao, G.[Guilin], Zhang, Y.L.[Yuan-Lin], Yang, L.[Lei], Zhao, L.L.[Liu-Liu],
A Handwritten Character Extraction Algorithm for Multi-language Document Image,
ICDAR11(93-98).
IEEE DOI Link 1111
BibRef

Xu, L.[Liang], Yin, F.[Fei], Wang, Q.F.[Qiu-Feng], Liu, C.L.[Cheng-Lin],
A Touching Character Database from Chinese Handwriting for Assessing Segmentation Algorithms,
FHR12(89-94).
IEEE DOI Link 1302
BibRef
Earlier:
Touching Character Separation in Chinese Handwriting Using Visibility-Based Foreground Analysis,
ICDAR11(859-863).
IEEE DOI Link 1111
See also Online and offline handwritten Chinese character recognition: Benchmarking on new databases. BibRef

Kumar, J.[Jayant], Kang, L.[Le], Doermann, D.[David], Abd-Almageed, W.[Wael],
Segmentation of Handwritten Textlines in Presence of Touching Components,
ICDAR11(109-113).
IEEE DOI Link 1111
See also Learning Text-Line Segmentation Using Codebooks and Graph Partitioning. BibRef

Kang, L.[Le], Doermann, D.[David],
Template Based Segmentation of Touching Components in Handwritten Text Lines,
ICDAR11(569-573).
IEEE DOI Link 1111
BibRef

Zhao, X.[Xiaoyu], Chi, Z.[Zheru], Feng, D.[Dagan],
An improved algorithm for segmenting and recognizing connected handwritten characters,
ICARCV10(1611-1615).
IEEE DOI Link 1109
BibRef

Gattal, A.[Abdeljalil], Chibani, Y.[Youcef],
Segmentation and Recognition Strategy of Handwritten Connected Digits Based on the Oriented Sliding Window,
FHR12(297-301).
IEEE DOI Link 1302
BibRef
Earlier:
Segmentation Strategy of Handwritten Connected Digits (SSHCD),
CIAP11(II: 248-254).
Springer DOI Link 1109
BibRef

Chacko, B.P.[Binu P.], Babu, A.P.[Anto P.],
Pre and Post Processing Approaches in Edge Detection for Character Recognition,
FHR10(676-681).
IEEE DOI Link 1011
BibRef

Daher, H., Gaceb, D., Eglin, V., Bres, S., Vincent, N.,
Ancient Handwritings Decomposition Into Graphemes and Codebook Generation Based on Graph Coloring,
FHR10(119-124).
IEEE DOI Link 1011
BibRef

Lakshmi, C.V.[C. Vasantha], Singh, S.[Sarika], Jain, R.[Ritu], Patvardhan, C.,
A Novel Approach to Skeletonization for Multi-font OCR Applications,
PReMI09(393-399).
Springer DOI Link 0912
BibRef

Davessar, N.M., Madan, S., Singh, H.[Hardeep],
A hybrid approach to character segmentation of Gurmukhi script characters,
AIPR03(169-173).
IEEE DOI Link 0310
BibRef

de Santana Pereira, C.[Cristiano], Cavalcanti, G.D.C.[George D.C.],
Prototype Selection for Handwritten Connected Digits Classification,
ICDAR09(1021-1025).
IEEE DOI Link 0907
BibRef

Wang, Y.J.[Yan-Jie], Liu, X.B.[Xia-Bi], Jia, Y.D.[Yun-De],
Statistical Modeling and Learning for Recognition-Based Handwritten Numeral String Segmentation,
ICDAR09(421-425).
IEEE DOI Link 0907
BibRef

Ouwayed, N.[Nazih], Belaďd, A.[Abdel],
Separation of Overlapping and Touching Lines within Handwritten Arabic Documents,
CAIP09(237-244).
Springer DOI Link 0909
BibRef

Yu, J.[Jing], Huang, L.[Lei], Liu, C.P.[Chang-Ping],
Double-edge-model based character stroke extraction from complex backgrounds,
ICPR08(1-4).
IEEE DOI Link 0812
BibRef

Ophir, B.[Boaz], Malah, D.[David],
Show-Through Cancellation in Scanned Images using Blind Source Separation Techniques,
ICIP07(III: 233-236).
IEEE DOI Link 0709
BibRef

Chou, C.H., Guo, C.Y., Chang, F.,
Recognition of Fragmented Characters Using Multiple Feature-Subset Classifiers,
ICDAR07(198-202).
IEEE DOI Link 0709
BibRef

Wachenfeld, S., Klein, H.U., Jiang, X.,
Annotated Databases for the Recognition of Screen-Rendered Text,
ICDAR07(272-276).
IEEE DOI Link 0709
BibRef

Wachenfeld, S., Fleischer, S., Klein, H.U., Jiang, X.,
Segmentation of Very Low Resolution Screen-Rendered Text,
ICDAR07(1153-1157).
IEEE DOI Link 0709
BibRef

Renaudin, C.[Christophe],
A General Method of Segmentation-Recognition Collaboration Applied to Pairs of Touching and Overlapping Symbols,
ICDAR07(659-663).
IEEE DOI Link 0709
BibRef

Yuan, B.[Bo], Kwoh, L.K.[Leong Keong], Tan, C.L.[Chew Lim],
Finding the Best-Fit Bounding-Boxes,
DAS06(268-279).
Springer DOI Link 0602
BibRef

Yuan, B.[Bo], Tan, C.L.[Chew Lim],
A multi-level component grouping algorithm and its applications,
ICDAR05(II: 1178-1181).
IEEE DOI Link 0508
BibRef

Suwa, M.,
Segmentation of connected handwritten numerals by graph representation,
ICDAR05(II: 750-754).
IEEE DOI Link 0508
BibRef

Wei, X.H.[Xiang-Hui], Ma, S.P.[Shao-Ping], Jin, Y.J.[Yi-Jiang],
Segmentation of connected Chinese characters based on genetic algorithm,
ICDAR05(II: 645-649).
IEEE DOI Link 0508
BibRef

Deufemia, V.[Vincenzo], Risi, M.[Michele],
A Dynamic Stroke Segmentation Technique for Sketched Symbol Recognition,
IbPRIA05(II:328).
Springer DOI Link 0509
BibRef

Costagliola, G., Deufemia, V., Risi, M.,
Sketch Grammars: a formalism for describing and recognizing diagrammatic sketch languages,
ICDAR05(II: 1226-1230).
IEEE DOI Link 0508
BibRef

Kim, M.S.[Min Soo], Cho, K.T.[Kyu Tae], Kwag, H.K.[Hee Kue], Kim, J.H.[Jin Hyung],
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Wilkinson, R.A., Garris, M.D., and Wilson, C.L.,
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Chapter on OCR, Document Analysis and Character Recognition Systems continues in
Binarization: Threshold selection for documents, Character Enhancement .


Last update:Nov 18, 2014 at 16:40:01