23.4.4.3 Chinese Characters, Japanese Characters, Handwritten

Chapter Contents (Back)
OCR. Handwritten Characters. Character Recognition.

Hildebrandt, T.H.[Thomas H.], Liu, W.T.[Wen-Tai],
Optical recognition of handwritten Chinese characters: Advances since 1980,
PR(26), No. 2, February 1993, pp. 205-225.
WWW Version. 0401
BibRef

Agui, T., and Nagaahashi, H.,
A Description Method of Handprinted Chinese Characters,
PAMI(1), No. 1, January 1979, pp. 20-24. BibRef 7901

Agui, T., and Nagaahashi, H.,
A Coding Method of Chinese Characters,
PAMI(1), No. 4, October 1979, 333-341. BibRef 7910

Ogawa, H.[Hideo], Taniguchi, K.[Keiji],
Preprocessing for Chinese character recognition and global classification of handwritten Chinese characters,
PR(11), No. 1, 1979, pp. 1-7.
WWW Version. 0309
BibRef

Xie, S.L., Suk, M.,
On Machine Recognition of Hand-Printed Chinese Characters by Feature Relaxation,
PR(21), No. 1, 1988, pp. 1-7.
WWW Version. BibRef 8800

Sekita, I., Toraichi, K., Mori, R., Yamamoto, K., Yamada, H.,
Feature Extraction of Handwritten Japanese Characters by Spline Functions for Relaxation Matching,
PR(21), No. 1, 1988, pp. 9-17.
WWW Version. BibRef 8800

Cheng, F.H.[Fang-Hsuan], Hsu, W.H.[Wen-Hsing], Chen, M.Y.,
Recognition of Handwritten Chinese Characters by Modified Hough Transform Techniques,
PAMI(11), No. 4, April 1989, pp. 429-439.
IEEE DOI Link BibRef 8904

Cheng, F.H.[Fang-Hsuan], Hsu, W.H.[Wen-Hsing], Chen, C.A.[Chien-An],
Fuzzy approach to solve the recognition problem of handwritten chinese characters,
PR(22), No. 2, 1989, pp. 133-141.
WWW Version. 0309
BibRef

Zhao, M.[Ming],
Two-dimensional extended attribute grammar method for the recognition of hand-printed chinese characters,
PR(23), No. 7, 1990, pp. 685-695.
WWW Version. 0401
BibRef

Liao, C.W.[Chia-Wei], Huang, J.S.[Jun S.],
A Transformation Invariant Matching Algorithm for Handwritten Chinese Character Recognition,
PR(23), No. 11, 1990, pp. 1167-1188.
WWW Version. 0401
BibRef

Lua, K.T., Gan, K.W.,
Recognizing chinese characters through interactive activation and competition,
PR(23), No. 12, 1990, pp. 1311-1321.
WWW Version. 0401
BibRef

Yamada, H.[Hiromitsu], Yamamoto, K.[Kazuhiko], Saito, T.[Taiichi],
A Nonlinear Normalization Method for Handprinted Kanji Character Recognition-Line Density Equalization,
PR(23), No. 9, 1990, pp. 1023-1029.
WWW Version. 0401
BibRef
Earlier: ICPR88(I: 172-175).
IEEE DOI Link
IEEE Top Reference. BibRef

Horiuchi, T., Haruki, R., Yamada, H., Yamamoto, K.,
Two-Dimensional Extension of Nonlinear Normalization Method Using Line Density for Character Recognition,
ICDAR97(511-514).
IEEE DOI Link 9708
BibRef

Yamamoto, K., Yamada, H., Saito, T., Sakaga, I.,
Recognition of Handprinted Characters in the First Level of JIS Chinese Characters,
ICPR86(570-572). BibRef 8600

Lu, S.W.[Si Wei], Ren, Y.[Ying], Suen, C.Y.[Ching Y.],
Hierarchical attributed graph representation and recognition of handwritten chinese characters,
PR(24), No. 7, 1991, pp. 617-632.
WWW Version. 0401
BibRef

Kumamoto, T.[Tadahiko], Toraichi, K.[Kazuo], Horiuchi, T.[Takahiko], Yamamoto, K.[Kazuhiko], Yamada, H.[Hiromitsu],
On speeding candidate selection in handprinted chinese character recognition,
PR(24), No. 8, 1991, pp. 793-799.
WWW Version. 0401
BibRef

Chang, H.D., Wang, J.F.,
Preclassification for Handwritten Chinese Character Recognition by a Peripheral Shape Coding Method,
PR(26), No. 5, May 1993, pp. 711-719.
WWW Version. BibRef 9305

Pai, H.F.[Hsiao-Fen], Wang, H.C.[Hsiao-Chuan],
A two-dimensional cepstrum approach for the recognition of Mandarin syllable initials,
PR(26), No. 4, April 1993, pp. 569-577.
WWW Version. 0401
BibRef

Tung, C.H., Lee, H.J., Tsai, J.Y.,
Multistage Pre-Candidate Selection In Handwritten Chinese Character-Recognition Systems,
PR(27), No. 8, August 1994, pp. 1093-1102.
WWW Version. BibRef 9408

Zhao, S.L.[San-Lung], Lee, H.J.[Hsi-Jian],
High-precision two-kernel Chinese character recognition in general document processing systems,
ICDAR01(617-621).
IEEE DOI Link 0109
BibRef

Lee, S.J., Tsai, H.L.,
Pattern Fusion in Feature Recognition Neural Networks for Handwritten Character-Recognition,
SMC-B(28), No. 4, August 1998, pp. 612-617.
IEEE Top Reference. 9808
BibRef

Wang, A.B., Fan, K.C., Huang, J.S.,
Recognition Of Handwritten Chinese Characters By Modified Relaxation Methods,
IVC(12), No. 8, October 1994, pp. 509-522.
WWW Version. BibRef 9410

Chang, H.D., Wang, J.F., Kuo, S.C.,
A Bayesian Neural-Network For Separating Similar Complex Handwritten Chinese Characters,
PRL(15), No. 4, April 1994, pp. 403-408. BibRef 9404

Yong, Y.,
Handprinted Chinese Character Recognition Via Neural Networks,
PRL(7), 1988, pp. 19-25. BibRef 8800

Kimura, F., Wakabayashi, T., Tsuruoka, S., Miyake, Y.,
Improvement of Handwritten Japanese Character-Recognition Using Weighted Direction Code Histogram,
PR(30), No. 8, August 1997, pp. 1329-1337.
WWW Version. 9708
BibRef

Wakabayashi, T.[Tetsushi], Pal, U.[Umapada], Kimura, F.[Fumitaka], Miyake, Y.[Yasuji],
F-ratio Based Weighted Feature Extraction for Similar Shape Character Recognition,
ICDAR09(196-200).
IEEE DOI Link 0907
BibRef

Chiu, H.P., Tseng, D.C.,
Invariant Handwritten Chinese Character-Recognition Using Fuzzy Min-Max Neural Networks,
PRL(18), No. 5, May 1997, pp. 481-491. 9708
BibRef

Tseng, D.C., Chiu, H.P., Cheng, J.C.,
Invariant Handwritten Chinese Character-Recognition Using Fuzzy Ring Data,
IVC(14), No. 9, October 1996, pp. 647-657.
WWW Version. Fuzzy Theory. BibRef 9610

Tseng, D.C., Chiu, H.P.,
Fuzzy Ring Data for Invariant Handwritten Chinese Character Recognition,
ICPR96(III: 94-98).
IEEE DOI Link 9608
(Nat. Central Univ., ROC) BibRef

Chiu, H.P., Tseng, D.C.,
A Feature-Preserved Thinning Algorithm for Handwritten Chinese Characters,
ICPR96(III: 235-239).
IEEE DOI Link 9608
(National Central Univ., ROC) BibRef

Lin, D.S., Leou, J.J.,
A Genetic Algorithm Approach to Chinese Handwriting Normalization,
SMC-B(27), No. 6, December 1997, pp. 999-1007.
IEEE Top Reference. 9712
BibRef

Suganthan, P.N., Yan, H.,
Recognition of Handprinted Chinese Characters by Constrained Graph Matching,
IVC(16), No. 3, March 16 1998, pp. 191-201.
WWW Version. 9804
BibRef

Kim, S.Y., Lee, S.W.,
Gray-Scale Nonlinear Shape Normalization Method for Handwritten Oriental Character Recognition,
PRAI(12), No. 1, February 1998, pp. 81-95. 9806
BibRef
Earlier:
Nonlinear Shape Normalization Methods for Gray-Scale Handwritten Character Recognition,
ICDAR97(479-482).
IEEE DOI Link 9708
BibRef

Park, J.S., Lee, S.W.,
Adaptive Nonlinear Shape-Matching for Unconstrained Handwritten Character-Recognition,
PR(28), No. 8, August 1995, pp. 1223-1235.
WWW Version. BibRef 9508

Lee, S.W., Park, J.S.,
Nonlinear Shape Normalization Methods for the Recognition of Large-Set Handwritten Characters,
PR(27), No. 7, July 1994, pp. 895-902.
WWW Version. BibRef 9407

Lee, S.W., Song, H.H.,
Optimal-Design of Reference Models for Large-Set Handwritten Character-Recognition,
PR(27), No. 9, September 1994, pp. 1267-1274.
WWW Version. BibRef 9409

Lee, S.W., Park, J.S., Tang, Y.,
Performance Evaluation of Nonlinear Shape Normalization Methods for the Recognition of Large-Set Handwritten Characters,
ICDAR93(402-407). BibRef 9300
And: ISRI1993. UNLV, Las Vegas, NV. BibRef

Park, H.S.[Hee-Seon], Lee, S.W.[Seong-Whan],
Truly 2-D hidden Markov model for off-line handwritten character recognition,
PR(31), No. 12, December 1998, pp. 1849-1864.
WWW Version. BibRef 9812

Park, H.S., Lee, S.W.,
Off-Line Recognition of Large-Set Handwritten Characters with Multiple Hidden Markov-Models,
PR(29), No. 2, February 1996, pp. 231-244.
WWW Version. BibRef 9602

Tang, Y.Y., Tu, L.T., Liu, J.M., Lee, S.W., Lin, W.W., Shyu, I.S.,
Offline Recognition of Chinese Handwriting by Multifeature and Multilevel Classification,
PAMI(20), No. 5, May 1998, pp. 556-561.
IEEE DOI Link 9806
BibRef

Mizukami, Y.,
A Handwritten Chinese Character Recognition System Using Hierarchical Displacement Extraction Based on Directional Features,
PRL(19), No. 7, May 1998, pp. 595-604. 9808
BibRef

Mizukami, Y.[Yoshiki], Koga, K.[Kazutoshi],
Handwritten Chinese character recognition using displacement extraction based on directional features,
CIAP97(II: 655-662).
WWW Version. 9709
BibRef
Earlier:
A Handwritten Character Recognition System Using Hierarchical Displacement Extraction Algorithm,
ICPR96(III: 160-164).
IEEE DOI Link 9608
(Yamaguchi Univ., J) BibRef

Wong, P.K., Chan, C.K.,
Off-Line Handwritten Chinese Character Recognition as a Compound Bayes Decision Problem,
PAMI(20), No. 9, September 1998, pp. 1016-1023.
IEEE DOI Link 9809
BibRef
Earlier:
An Off-Line Large Vocabulary Hand-Written Chinese Character Recognizer,
ICIP97(III: 324-327).
IEEE DOI Link BibRef

Wong, P.K., Chan, C.,
Postprocessing Statistical Language Models for a Handwritten Chinese Character Recognizer,
SMC-B(29), No. 2, April 1999, pp. 286.
IEEE Top Reference. BibRef 9904

Amin, A.[Adnan], Singh, S.[Sameer],
Recognition of Hand-printed Chinese Characters Using Decision Trees/Machine Learning C4.5 System,
PAA(1), No. 2, 1998, pp. 130-141. BibRef 9800

Amin, A., Bemford, M., Hoffmann, A., Mahidadia, A., Compton, P.,
A Knowledge Acquisition Technique for Recognizing Handprinted Chinese Characters,
ICPR96(III: 254-258).
IEEE DOI Link 9608
(Univ. of New South Wales, AUS) BibRef

Amin, A., Sammut, C., and Sum, K.C.,
Learning to recognize Hand-printed Chinese characters using Inductive Logic Programming,
PRAI(10), No. 7, 1996, pp. 829-847. BibRef 9600

Amin, A., Kim, S.G., Sammut, C.,
Hand-Printed Chinese Character Recognition via Machine Learning,
ICDAR97(190-194).
IEEE DOI Link 9708
BibRef

Leung, C.H., Tam, W.C., Cheung, Y.S.,
Recognition of handwritten Chinese characters by elastic matching,
IVC(16), No. 14, December 1998, pp. 979-988.
WWW Version. BibRef 9812

Chan, K.P., Cheung, Y.S.,
Fuzzy-Attribute Graph with application to Chinese Character Recognition,
SMC(22), No. 2, 1992, pp. 402-410. BibRef 9200

Wakahara, T.[Toru], Kimura, Y.[Yoshimasoa],
Toward robust handwritten Kanji character recognition,
PRL(20), No. 10, October 1999, pp. 979-990. 9911
BibRef

Xue, J.L.[Jun-Liang], Ding, X.Q.[Xiao-Qing], Liu, C.S.[Chang-Song], Zhang, R.[Rui], Qian, W.W.[Wei-Wei],
Location and interpretation of destination addresses on handwritten Chinese envelopes,
PRL(22), No. 6-7, May 2001, pp. 639-656.
Elsevier DOI Link 0105
BibRef

Jiang, Y.[Yan], Ding, X.Q.[Xiao-Qing], Fu, Q.A.[Qi-Ang], Ren, Z.[Zheng],
Application of Bi-gram Driven Chinese Handwritten Character Segmentation for an Address Reading System,
DAS06(220-231).
Springer DOI Link 0602
BibRef
And:
Context Driven Chinese String Segmentation and Recognition,
SSPR06(127-135).
Springer DOI Link 0608
BibRef

Jiang, Y.[Yan], Ding, X.Q.[Xiao-Qing], Ren, Z.[Zheng],
Substring Alignment Method for Lexicon Based Handwritten Chinese String Recognition and Its Application to Address Line Recognition,
ICPR06(II: 683-686).
IEEE DOI Link 0609
BibRef

Fu, Q.A.[Qi-Ang], Ding, X.Q., Liu, T.[Tong], Jiang, Y.[Yan], Ren, Z.[Zheng],
A Novel Segmentation and Recognition Algorithm for Chinese Handwritten Address Character Strings,
ICPR06(II: 974-977).
IEEE DOI Link 0609
BibRef

Jiang, Y., Ding, X.Q., Ren, Z.,
A Suffix Tree Based Handwritten Chinese Address Recognition System,
ICDAR07(292-296).
IEEE DOI Link 0709
BibRef

Wang, Y.W.[Yan-Wei], Ding, X.Q.[Xiao-Qing], Liu, C.S.[Chang-Song],
Topic Language Model Adaption for Recognition of Homologous Offline Handwritten Chinese Text Image,
SPLetters(21), No. 5, May 2014, pp. 550-553.
IEEE DOI Link 1404
BibRef
Earlier: A1, A3, A2:
Similar Pattern Discriminant Analysis for Improving Chinese Character Recognition Accuracy,
ICDAR13(1056-1060)
IEEE DOI Link 1312
handwritten character recognition. character recognition BibRef

Jiang, Z.W.[Zhi-Wei], Ding, X.Q.[Xiao-Qing], Liu, C.S.[Chang-Song], Wang, Y.W.[Yan-Wei],
A Novel Short Merged Off-line Handwritten Chinese Character String Segmentation Algorithm Using Hidden Markov Model,
ICDAR11(668-672).
IEEE DOI Link 1111
BibRef

Fu, Q.A.[Qi-Ang], Ding, X.Q.[Xiao-Qing], Liu, C.S.[Chang-Song], Jiang, Y.[Yan], Ren, Z.[Zheng],
A hidden Markov model based segmentation and recognition algorithm for Chinese handwritten address character strings,
ICDAR05(II: 590-594).
IEEE DOI Link 0508
BibRef

Chung, F.L.[Fu-Lai], Ip, W.W.S.,
Complex character decomposition using deformable model,
SMC-C(31), No. 1, February 2001, pp. 126-132.
IEEE Top Reference. 0106
BibRef

Tsang, C.K.Y., Chung, F.L.,
A Structural Deformable Model with Application to Post-recognition of Handwritings,
ICPR00(Vol II: 129-132).
IEEE DOI Link 0009
BibRef

Xiong, Y.[Yan], Huo, Q.A.[Qi-Ang], Chan, C.[Chorkin],
A Discrete Contextual Stochastic Model for the Offline Recognition of Handwritten Chinese Characters,
PAMI(23), No. 7, July 2001, pp. 774-782.
IEEE DOI Link BibRef 0107

Zhao, S.[Shuyan], Chi, Z.[Zheru], Shi, P.[Penfei], Yan, H.[Hong],
Two-stage segmentation of unconstrained handwritten Chinese characters,
PR(36), No. 1, January 2003, pp. 145-156.
WWW Version. 0210
BibRef
Earlier:
Handwritten Chinese character segmentation using a two-stage approach,
ICDAR01(179-183).
IEEE DOI Link 0109
BibRef

Liu, C.L.[Cheng-Lin], Koga, M.[Masashi], Fujisawa, H.[Hiromichi],
Lexicon-Driven Segmentation and Recognition of Handwritten Character Strings for Japanese Address Reading,
PAMI(24), No. 11, November 2002, pp. 1425-1437.
IEEE Abstract. 0211
Application, Mail sorting. BibRef
Earlier:
Lexicon-driven handwritten character string recognition for Japanese address reading,
ICDAR01(877-881).
IEEE DOI Link 0109
Store the possible address phrases (111,349 of them), recognize them as a whole. 83.68% correct. BibRef

Wang, D.H.[Da-Han], Liu, C.L.[Cheng-Lin], Zhou, X.D.[Xiang-Dong],
An approach for real-time recognition of online Chinese handwritten sentences,
PR(45), No. 10, October 2012, pp. 3661-3675.
Elsevier DOI Link 1206
Online Chinese handwritten sentence recognition; Real-time recognition; Dynamic text line segmentation; Dynamic over-segmentation; Dynamic candidate lattice; Path search BibRef

Yin, F.[Fei], Wang, Q.F.[Qiu-Feng], Liu, C.L.[Cheng-Lin],
Transcript mapping for handwritten Chinese documents by integrating character recognition model and geometric context,
PR(46), No. 10, October 2013, pp. 2807-2818.
Elsevier DOI Link 1306
Transcript mapping; Minimum classification error (MCE); Dynamic time warping (DTW); Confidence transformation (CT); Geometric context BibRef

Wang, D.H.[Da-Han], Liu, C.L.[Cheng-Lin],
Dynamic Text Line Segmentation for Real-Time Recognition of Chinese Handwritten Sentences,
ICDAR11(931-935).
IEEE DOI Link 1111
BibRef

Zhou, X.D.[Xiang-Dong], Wang, D.H.[Da-Han], Nakagawa, M.[Masaki], Liu, C.L.[Cheng-Lin],
Error Reduction by Confusing Characters Discrimination for Online Handwritten Japanese Character Recognition,
FHR10(495-500).
IEEE DOI Link 1011
BibRef

Zhou, X.D.[Xiang-Dong], Wang, D.H.[Da-Han], Tian, F.[Feng], Liu, C.L.[Cheng-Lin], Nakagawa, M.[Masaki],
Handwritten Chinese/Japanese Text Recognition Using Semi-Markov Conditional Random Fields,
PAMI(35), No. 10, 2013, pp. 2413-2426.
IEEE DOI Link 1309
Character recognition BibRef

Zhou, X.D.[Xiang-Dong], Zhang, Y.M.[Yan-Ming], Tian, F.[Feng], Wang, H.A.[Hong-An], Liu, C.L.[Cheng-Lin],
Minimum-risk training for semi-Markov conditional random fields with application to handwritten Chinese/Japanese text recognition,
PR(47), No. 5, 2014, pp. 1904-1916.
Elsevier DOI Link 1402
Semi-Markov conditional random fields BibRef

Delaye, A.[Adrien], Liu, C.L.[Cheng-Lin],
Contextual text/non-text stroke classification in online handwritten notes with conditional random fields,
PR(47), No. 3, 2014, pp. 959-968.
Elsevier DOI Link 1312
Online handwritten documents BibRef

Zhou, X.D.[Xiang-Dong], Tian, F.[Feng], Liu, C.L.[Cheng-Lin], Wang, H.A.[Hong-An],
Minimum Risk Training for Handwritten Chinese/Japanese Text Recognition Using Semi-Markov Conditional Random Fields,
ICDAR13(940-944)
IEEE DOI Link 1312
Markov processes BibRef

Zhou, X.D.[Xiang-Dong], Yin, F.[Fei], Wang, D.H.[Da-Han], Wang, Q.F.[Qiu-Feng], Nakagawa, M.[Masaki], Liu, C.L.[Cheng-Lin],
Transcript Mapping for Handwritten Text Lines Using Conditional Random Fields,
ICDAR11(58-62).
IEEE DOI Link 1111
BibRef

Zhu, B.L.[Bi-Lan], Gao, J.F.[Jin-Feng], Nakagawa, M.[Masaki],
Objective Function Design for MCE-Based Combination of On-line and Off-line Character Recognizers for On-line Handwritten Japanese Text Recognition,
ICDAR11(594-598).
IEEE DOI Link 1111
BibRef

Phan, T.V.[Truyen Van], Gao, J.F.[Jin-Feng], Zhu, B.L.[Bi-Lan], Nakagawa, M.[Masaki],
Effects of Line Densities on Nonlinear Normalization for Online Handwritten Japanese Character Recognition,
ICDAR11(834-838).
IEEE DOI Link 1111
BibRef

Zhou, X.D.[Xiang-Dong], Liu, C.L.[Cheng-Lin], Nakagawa, M.[Masaki],
Online Handwritten Japanese Character String Recognition Using Conditional Random Fields,
ICDAR09(521-525).
IEEE DOI Link 0907
BibRef

Zhou, X.D., Yu, J.L., Liu, C.L., Nagasaki, T., Marukawa, K.,
Online Handwritten Japanese Character String Recognition Incorporating Geometric Context,
ICDAR07(48-52).
IEEE DOI Link 0709
BibRef

Kagehiro, T., Koga, M., Sako, H., Fujisawa, H.,
Segmentation of Handwritten Kanji Numerals Integrating Peripheral Information by Bayesian Rule,
MVA98(xx-yy). BibRef 9800

Koga, M.[Masashi], Kagehiro, T.[Tatsuhiko], Sako, H.[Hiroshi], Fujisawa, H.[Hiromichi],
Segmentation of Japanese Handwritten Characters Using Peripheral Feature Analysis,
ICPR98(Vol II: 1137-1141).
IEEE DOI Link 9808
BibRef

Li, Y.X.[Yuan-Xiang], Tan, C.L.[Chew Lim], Ding, X.Q.[Xiao-Qing], Liu, C.S.[Chang-Song],
Contextual post-processing based on the confusion matrix in offline handwritten Chinese script recognition,
PR(37), No. 9, September 2004, pp. 1901-1912.
WWW Version. 0407
BibRef

Wang, Y.W.[Yan-Wei], Ding, X.Q.[Xiao-Qing], Liu, C.S.[Chang-Song],
MQDF Discriminative Learning Based Offline Handwritten Chinese Character Recognition,
ICDAR11(1100-1104).
IEEE DOI Link 1111
BibRef

Ding, X.Q.[Xiao-Qing], Liu, H.L.[Hai-Long],
Segmentation-Driven Offline Handwritten Chinese and Arabic Script Recognition,
SACH06(xx-yy).
Springer DOI Link 0609
BibRef
Earlier: A2, A1:
Improve Handwritten Character Recognition Performance by Heteroscedastic Linear Discriminant Analysis,
ICPR06(I: 880-883).
IEEE DOI Link 0609
BibRef
Earlier: A2, A1:
Handwritten character recognition using gradient feature and quadratic classifier with multiple discrimination schemes,
ICDAR05(I: 19-23).
IEEE DOI Link 0508
BibRef

Zhang, R.[Rui], Ding, X.Q.[Xiao-Qing],
Minimum classification error training for handwritten character recognition,
ICPR02(I: 580-583).
IEEE DOI Link 0211
BibRef

Yao, Z.B.[Zheng-Bin], Ding, X.Q.[Xiao-Qing], Liu, C.S.[Chang-Song],
On-line handwritten Chinese word recognition based on lexicon,
ICPR06(II: 320-323).
IEEE DOI Link 0609
BibRef

Chen, Y., Ding, X.Q.[Xiao-Qing], Wu, Y.,
Off-Line Handwritten Chinese Character Recognition Based on Crossing Line Feature,
ICDAR97(206-210).
IEEE DOI Link 9708
BibRef

Ishidera, E.[Eiki], Nishiwaki, D.[Daisuke], Sato, A.[Atsushi],
A confidence value estimation method for handwritten Kanji character recognition and its application to candidate reduction,
IJDAR(6), No. 4, April 2004, pp. 263-270.
Springer DOI Link 0406
BibRef

Ishidera, E., Sato, A.,
A candidate reduction method for handwritten Kanji character recognition,
ICDAR01(8-13).
IEEE DOI Link 0109
BibRef

Ishidera, E., Nishiwaki, D., Yamada, K.,
Unconstrained Japanese Address Recognition Using a Combination of Spatial Information and Word Knowledge,
ICDAR97(1016-1022).
IEEE DOI Link 9708
BibRef

Dong, J.X.[Jian-Xiong], Krzyzak, A.[Adam], Suen, C.Y.[Ching Y.],
An Improved Handwritten Chinese Character Recognition System Using Support Vector Machine,
PRL(26), No. 12, September 2005, pp. 1849-1856.
WWW Version. 0508
BibRef
Earlier:
A multi-net local learning framework for pattern recognition,
ICDAR01(328-332).
IEEE DOI Link 0109
BibRef

Dong, J.X.[Jian-Xiong], Krzyzak, A.[Adam], Suen, C.Y.[Ching Y.],
Fast SVM Training Algorithm with Decomposition on Very Large Data Sets,
PAMI(27), No. 4, April 2005, pp. 603-618.
IEEE Abstract. 0501
Scales better than Libsvm, SMVlight, SVMtorch. BibRef

Su, T.H.[Tong-Hua], Zhang, T.W.[Tian-Wen], Guan, D.J.[De-Jun],
Corpus-based HIT-MW database for offline recognition of general-purpose Chinese handwritten text,
IJDAR(10), No. 1, June 2007, pp. 27-38.
Springer DOI Link 0707
BibRef

Su, T.H.[Tong-Hua], Zhang, T.W.[Tian-Wen], Guan, D.J.[De-Jun], Huang, H.J.[Hu-Jie],
Gabor-Based Recognizer for Chinese Handwriting from Segmentation-Free Strategy,
CAIP07(539-546).
Springer DOI Link 0708
BibRef

Sun, Q.A.[Qi-Ang], Wang, L.L.[Li-Lun], Lim, S.H.[Shiau Hong], DeJong, G.[Gerald],
Robustness through prior knowledge: using explanation-based learning to distinguish handwritten Chinese characters,
IJDAR(10), No. 3-4, December 2007, pp. 175-186.
Springer DOI Link 0712
BibRef

Lim, S.H.[Shiau Hong], Wang, L.L.[Li-Lun], DeJong, G.[Gerald],
Integrating prior domain knowledge into discriminative learning using automatic model construction and phantom examples,
PR(42), No. 12, December 2009, pp. 3231-3240.
Elsevier DOI Link 0909
Classification; Handwritten Chinese characters; Model construction BibRef

Han, C.C.[Chin-Chuan], Chou, C.H.[Chih-Hsun], Wu, C.S.[Chung-Shiou],
An interactive grading and learning system for chinese calligraphy,
MVA(19), No. 1, January 2008, pp. 43-55.
Springer DOI Link 0801
BibRef

Zeng, J.[Jia], Liu, Z.Q.A.[Zhi-Qi-Ang],
Markov Random Field-Based Statistical Character Structure Modeling for Handwritten Chinese Character Recognition,
PAMI(30), No. 5, May 2008, pp. 767-780.
IEEE DOI Link 0803
BibRef
Earlier:
Stroke Segmentation of Chinese Characters Using Markov Random Fields,
ICPR06(I: 868-871).
IEEE DOI Link 0609
BibRef
And:
Type-2 Fuzzy Markov Random Fields to Handwritten Character Recognition,
ICPR06(I: 1162-65).
IEEE DOI Link 0609
BibRef
Earlier:
Markov random fields for handwritten Chinese character recognition,
ICDAR05(I: 101-105).
IEEE DOI Link 0508
BibRef

Long, T.[Teng], Jin, L.W.[Lian-Wen],
Building compact MQDF classifier for large character set recognition by subspace distribution sharing,
PR(41), No. 9, September 2008, pp. 2916-2925.
WWW Version. 0806
BibRef
Earlier:
Building Compact MQDF Classifier for Off-line Handwritten Chinese Characters by Subspace Distribution Sharing,
ICDAR07(909-913).
IEEE DOI Link 0709
Compact classifier; Modified quadratic discriminant function; Handwritten character recognition; Large character set; Subspace distribution sharing BibRef

Yang, D., Jin, L.W.,
Handwritten Chinese Character Recognition Using Modified LDA and Kernel FDA,
ICDAR07(914-918).
IEEE DOI Link 0709
BibRef

Yang, D., Jin, L.W., Zhen, L.X., Huang, J.C.,
Finger-Written Chinese Characters Recognition Using Hierarchical LDA,
ICDAR07(322-326).
IEEE DOI Link 0709
BibRef

Tao, D.P.[Da-Peng], Liang, L.Y.[Ling-Yu], Jin, L.W.[Lian-Wen], Gao, Y.[Yan],
Similar handwritten Chinese character recognition by kernel discriminative locality alignment,
PRL(35), No. 1, 2014, pp. 186-194.
Elsevier DOI Link 1312
BibRef
Earlier:
Similar Handwritten Chinese Character Recognition Using Discriminative Locality Alignment Manifold Learning,
ICDAR11(1012-1016).
IEEE DOI Link 1111
Similar handwritten Chinese character recognition BibRef

Gao, T.F.[Tian-Fu], Liu, C.L.[Cheng-Lin],
High accuracy handwritten Chinese character recognition using LDA-based compound distances,
PR(41), No. 11, November 2008, pp. 3442-3451.
WWW Version. 0808
BibRef
Earlier:
LDA-Based Compound Distance for Handwritten Chinese Character Recognition,
ICDAR07(904-908).
IEEE DOI Link 0709
Handwritten Chinese character recognition; LDA; Compound distance; Compound Mahalanobis function BibRef

Zhou, M.K.[Ming-Ke], Yin, F.[Fei], Liu, C.L.[Cheng-Lin],
GPU-Based Fast Training of Discriminative Learning Quadratic Discriminant Function for Handwritten Chinese Character Recognition,
ICDAR13(842-846)
IEEE DOI Link 1312
graphics processing units See also Handwritten Numeral String Recognition: Effects of Character Normalization and Feature Extraction. BibRef

Gao, T.F.[Tian-Fu], Liu, C.L.[Cheng-Lin],
Combining quadratic classifier and pair discriminators by pairwise coupling for handwritten Chinese character recognition,
ICPR08(1-4).
IEEE DOI Link 0812
BibRef

Liu, C.L.[Cheng-Lin],
Polynomial Network Classifier with Discriminative Feature Extraction,
SSPR06(732-740).
Springer DOI Link 0608
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And:
High Accuracy Handwritten Chinese Character Recognition Using Quadratic Classifiers with Discriminative Feature Extraction,
ICPR06(II: 942-945).
IEEE DOI Link 0609
BibRef

Liu, C.L., Kim, I.J., Kim, J.H.,
High Accuracy Handwritten Chinese Character Recognition by Improved Feature Matching Method,
ICDAR97(1033-1037).
IEEE DOI Link 9708
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Su, T.H.[Tong-Hua], Zhang, T.W.[Tian-Wen], Guan, D.J.[De-Jun], Huang, H.J.[Hu-Jie],
Off-line recognition of realistic Chinese handwriting using segmentation-free strategy,
PR(42), No. 1, January 2009, pp. 167-182.
WWW Version. 0809
Optical character recognition; Chinese handwriting recognition; Sliding window; Hidden Markov Model; Segmentation-free strategy; Classifier combination BibRef

Zhuang, Y.T.[Yue-Ting], Lu, W.M.[Wei-Ming], Wu, J.Q.[Jiang-Qin],
Latent Style Model: Discovering writing styles for calligraphy works,
JVCIR(20), No. 2, February 2009, pp. 84-96.
Elsevier DOI Link 0903
Latent Style Model; Calligraphic style; Style representation; Style similarity; Calligraphic style browser BibRef

Wu, Y.F.[Ying-Fei], Zhuang, Y.T.[Yue-Ting], Pan, Y.H.[Yun-He], Wu, J.Q.[Jiang-Qin], Wu, F.[Fei],
Research of 3D Chinese Calligraphic Handwriting Recur System and Its Key Algorithm,
MIRAGE07(105-116).
Springer DOI Link 0703
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Yin, F.[Fei], Liu, C.L.[Cheng-Lin],
Handwritten Chinese text line segmentation by clustering with distance metric learning,
PR(42), No. 12, December 2009, pp. 3146-3157.
Elsevier DOI Link 0909
Handwritten text line segmentation; Clustering; Minimal spanning tree (MST); Distance metric learning; Hypervolume reduction BibRef

Leung, K.C., Leung, C.H.,
Recognition of handwritten Chinese characters by critical region analysis,
PR(43), No. 3, March 2010, pp. 949-961.
Elsevier DOI Link 1001
BibRef
Earlier:
Recognition of Handwritten Chinese Characters by Combining Regularization, Fisher's Discriminant and Distorted Sample Generation,
ICDAR09(1026-1030).
IEEE DOI Link 0907
Handwritten Chinese character recognition; Regularization; Fisher's linear discriminant; Distorted sample; Confusing pair; ETL-9B database BibRef

Wang, Q.F.[Qiu-Feng], Yin, F.[Fei], Liu, C.L.[Cheng-Lin],
Handwritten Chinese Text Recognition by Integrating Multiple Contexts,
PAMI(34), No. 8, August 2012, pp. 1469-1481.
IEEE DOI Link 1206
BibRef
Earlier:
Improving Handwritten Chinese Text Recognition by Confidence Transformation,
ICDAR11(518-522).
IEEE DOI Link 1111
See also Integrating Geometric Context for Text Alignment of Handwritten Chinese Documents. BibRef

Wang, D.H.[Da-Han], Liu, C.L.[Cheng-Lin],
Learning confidence transformation for handwritten Chinese text recognition,
IJDAR(17), No. 3, September 2014, pp. 205-219.
WWW Version. 1408
BibRef
Earlier:
String-level learning of confidence transformation for Chinese handwritten text recognition,
ICPR12(3208-3211).
WWW Version. 1302
BibRef

Wang, Q.F.[Qiu-Feng], Yin, F.[Fei], Liu, C.L.[Cheng-Lin],
Unsupervised language model adaptation for handwritten Chinese text recognition,
PR(47), No. 3, 2014, pp. 1202-1216.
Elsevier DOI Link 1312
BibRef
Earlier:
Integrating Language Model in Handwritten Chinese Text Recognition,
ICDAR09(1036-1040).
IEEE DOI Link 0907
Character string recognition BibRef

Liu, C.L.[Cheng-Lin], Yin, F.[Fei], Wang, D.H.[Da-Han], Wang, Q.F.[Qiu-Feng],
Online and offline handwritten Chinese character recognition: Benchmarking on new databases,
PR(46), No. 1, January 2013, pp. 155-162.
Elsevier DOI Link 1209
BibRef
Earlier:
CASIA Online and Offline Chinese Handwriting Databases,
ICDAR11(37-41).
IEEE DOI Link 1111
Dataset, OCR. Handwritten Chinese character recognition; Online; Offline; Databases; Benchmarking See also Touching Character Database from Chinese Handwriting for Assessing Segmentation Algorithms, A. BibRef

Cheng, C.[Cheng], Zhu, B.L.[Bi-Lan], Nakagawa, M.[Masaki],
Digital Ink Search Based on Character-Recognition Candidates Compared with Feature-Matching-Based Approach,
IEICE(E96-D), No. 3, March 2013, pp. 681-689.
WWW Version. 1303
BibRef
Earlier:
Comparing Character Recognition Based Approach with Feature Matching Based Approach for Digital Ink Search,
FHR12(548-553).
IEEE DOI Link 1302
BibRef

Cheng, C.[Cheng], Zhu, B.L.[Bi-Lan], Chen, X.R.[Xiao-Rong], Nakagawa, M.[Masaki],
Improvements in Keyword Search Japanese Characters within Handwritten Digital Ink,
ICDAR09(863-866).
IEEE DOI Link 0907
BibRef

Wang, D.Q.[Da-Qing], Zhu, B.L.[Bi-Lan], Nakagawa, M.[Masaki],
A Digital Ink Recogntion Server for Handwritten Japanese Text,
ICDAR11(146-150).
IEEE DOI Link 1111
BibRef

Chen, B.[Bin], Zhu, B.L.[Bi-Lan], Nakagawa, M.[Masaki],
Effects of Generating a Large Amount of Artificial Patterns for On-line Handwritten Japanese Character Recognition,
ICDAR11(663-667).
IEEE DOI Link 1111
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Li, N.X.[Nan-Xi], Jin, L.W.[Lian-Wen],
A Bayesian-based method of unconstrained handwritten offline Chinese text line recognition,
IJDAR(16), No. 1, March 2013, pp. 17-31.
WWW Version. 1303
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Su, T.[Tonghua],
Chinese Handwriting Recognition: An Algorithmic Perspective,
Springer2013. ISBN 978-3-642-31811-5 Click to purchase this book
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Zhang, X.Y.[Xu-Yao], Liu, C.L.[Cheng-Lin],
Evaluation of weighted Fisher criteria for large category dimensionality reduction in application to Chinese handwriting recognition,
PR(46), No. 9, September 2013, pp. 2599-2611.
Elsevier DOI Link 1305
Dimensionality reduction; Large category; Class separation problem; Weighted Fisher criteria; Class level; Sample level; Chinese handwriting recognition BibRef

Shao, Y.X.[Yun-Xue], Wang, C.H.[Chun-Heng], Xiao, B.H.[Bai-Hua],
Visual word density-based nonlinear shape normalization method for handwritten Chinese character recognition,
IJDAR(16), No. 4, December 2013, pp. 387-397.
WWW Version. 1312
BibRef

Shao, Y.X.[Yun-Xue], Wang, C.H.[Chun-Heng], Xiao, B.H.[Bai-Hua],
Fast self-generation voting for handwritten Chinese character recognition,
IJDAR(16), No. 4, December 2013, pp. 413-424.
WWW Version. 1312
BibRef

Zhang, Y.[Yang], Wang, C.H.[Chun-Heng], Xiao, B.H.[Bai-Hua], Shi, C.Z.[Cun-Zhao],
A New Method for Text Verification Based on Random Forests,
FHR12(109-113).
IEEE DOI Link 1302
BibRef

Shao, Y.X.[Yun-Xue], Wang, C.H.[Chun-Heng], Xiao, B.H.[Bai-Hua], Zhang, R.G.[Rong-Guo], Zhang, Y.[Yang],
Multiple Instance Learning Based Method for Similar Handwritten Chinese Characters Discrimination,
ICDAR11(1002-1006).
IEEE DOI Link 1111
BibRef

Shao, Y.X.[Yun-Xue], Wang, C.H.[Chun-Heng], Xiao, B.H.[Bai-Hua], Zhang, R.G.[Rong-Guo], Zhang, L.[Linbo],
Modified Two-Class LDA Based Compound Distance for Similar Handwritten Chinese Characters Discrimination,
ICDAR11(653-657).
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Yi, T.Y.[Tian-Yang], Lian, Z.H.[Zhou-Hui], Tang, Y.M.[Ying-Min], Xiao, J.G.[Jian-Guo],
A Data-Driven Personalized Digital Ink for Chinese Characters,
MMMod14(I: 254-265).
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BibRef

Su, T.H.[Tong-Hua], Ma, P.J.[Pei-Jun], Wei, T.[Tong], Liu, S.[Shu], Deng, S.C.[Sheng-Chun],
Exploring MPE/MWE Training for Chinese Handwriting Recognition,
ICDAR13(1275-1279)
IEEE DOI Link 1312
handwriting recognition BibRef

Yin, F.[Fei], Zhou, M.K.[Ming-Ke], Wang, Q.F.[Qiu-Feng], Liu, C.L.[Cheng-Lin],
Style Consistent Perturbation for Handwritten Chinese Character Recognition,
ICDAR13(1051-1055)
IEEE DOI Link 1312
document handling BibRef

Hao, S.D.[Shu-Dong], Gao, Z.T.[Zong-Tian], Zhang, M.Q.[Ming-Qing], Xu, Y.Y.[Yan-Yan], Peng, H.L.[Heng-Li], Su, K.L.[Kai-Le], Ke, D.F.[Deng-Feng],
Automated Error Detection and Correction of Chinese Characters in Written Essays Based on Weighted Finite-State Transducer,
ICDAR13(763-767)
IEEE DOI Link 1312
character recognition BibRef

Zhu, Y.P.[Yuan-Ping], Sun, J.[Jun], Naoi, S.,
Sub-structure Learning Based Handwritten Chinese Text Recognition,
ICDAR13(295-299)
IEEE DOI Link 1312
handwriting recognition BibRef

Tan, J.[Jun], Lai, J.H.[Jian-Huang], Zuo, X.X.[Xiao-Xiong],
The dataset system of Economic Dispute handwritten (DSEDH) based on stroke shape and structure features,
ICPR12(661-664).
WWW Version. 1302
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Zhu, Y.P.[Yuan-Ping], Sun, J.[Jun], Naoi, S.[Satoshi],
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ICPR12(274-277).
WWW Version. 1302
BibRef

He, Q.[Qizhen], Chen, S.J.[Shi-Jie], Zhao, M.[Mingxi], Lin, W.[Wei],
A Hybrid Language Model for Handwritten Chinese Sentence Recognition,
FHR12(129-134).
IEEE DOI Link 1302
BibRef

Ye, J.M.[Jun-Min], Li, S.S.[Song-Song], Hao, G.Q.[Guang-Quan], Li, S.Z.[Shi-Zi], Yang, Y.[Yan], Jin, C.[Cong],
The prefix and suffix query of Chinese word segmentation algorithm for maximum matching,
IASP11(74-77).
IEEE DOI Link 1112
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Zhang, C.D.[Cheng-Dong], Lee, G.S.[Guee-Sang],
Text line segmentation in Chinese handwritten text images,
FCV11(1-3).
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Liu, G.[Gang], Jin, L.W.[Lian-Wen], Ding, K.[Kai], Yan, H.[Hanyu],
A New Approach for Synthesis and Recognition of Large Scale Handwritten Chinese Words,
FHR10(571-575).
IEEE DOI Link 1011
BibRef

Xu, B.[Bo], Huang, K.Z.[Kai-Zhu], Liu, C.L.[Cheng-Lin],
Similar Handwritten Chinese Characters Recognition by Critical Region Selection Based on Average Symmetric Uncertainty,
FHR10(527-532).
IEEE DOI Link 1011
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Su, T.H.[Tong-Hua], Liu, C.L.[Cheng-Lin],
Improving HMM-Based Chinese Handwriting Recognition Using Delta Features and Synthesized String Samples,
FHR10(78-83).
IEEE DOI Link 1011
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Zhu, Y.P.[Yuan-Ping], Sun, J.[Jun], Hotta, Y.[Yoshinobu], Naoi, S.[Satoshi],
Rejection Optimization Based on Threshold Mapping for Offline Handwritten Chinese Character Recognition,
FHR10(72-77).
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Zhang, S.[Shilei], Shuang, Z.W.[Zhi-Wei], Shi, Q.[Qin], Qin, Y.[Yong],
Improved Mandarin Keyword Spotting Using Confusion Garbage Model,
ICPR10(3700-3703).
IEEE DOI Link 1008
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Blondel, M.[Mathieu], Seki, K.[Kazuhiro], Uehara, K.[Kuniaki],
Unsupervised Learning of Stroke Tagger for Online Kanji Handwriting Recognition,
ICPR10(1973-1976).
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Delaye, A.[Adrien], Anquetil, E.[Eric],
Fuzzy Relative Positioning Templates for Symbol Recognition,
ICDAR11(1220-1224).
IEEE DOI Link 1111
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Delaye, A.[Adrien], Anquetil, E.[Eric], Macé, S.[Sébastien],
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ICDAR09(1121-1125).
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Chang, F.[Fu],
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Su, T.H., Zhang, T.W., Huang, H.J., Zhou, Y.,
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ICDAR07(133-137).
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He, T.T.[Ting-Ting], Huo, Q.A.[Qi-Ang],
A Character-Structure-Guided Approach to Estimating Possible Orientations of a Rotated Isolated Online Handwritten Chinese Character,
ICDAR09(536-540).
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He, T.T.[Ting-Ting], Huo, Q.A.[Qi-Ang],
Affine Distortion Compensation for an Isolated Online Handwritten Chinese Character Using Combined Orientation Estimation and HMM-Based Minimax Classification,
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Yang, D., Jin, L., Huo, Q.A.[Qi-Ang], He, T.T.[Ting-Ting],
Kernel Modified Quadratic Discriminant Function for Online Handwritten Chinese Characters Recognition,
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IEEE DOI Link 0709
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Li, X.[Xin], Ding, X.Q.[Xiao-Qing],
Writer Identification of Chinese Handwriting Using Grid Microstructure Feature,
ICB09(1230-1239).
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Li, X.[Xin], Wang, X.L.[Xian-Liang], Ding, X.Q.[Xiao-Qing],
An Off-line Chinese Writer Retrieval System Based on Text-sensitive Writer Identification,
ICPR06(IV: 517-520).
IEEE DOI Link 0609
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Ren, J.L.[Jun-Ling],
Multi-order Standard Deviation Based Distance Metrics and its Application in Handwritten Chinese Character Recognition,
ICPR06(II: 1114-1117).
IEEE DOI Link 0609
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Zhu, Y.P.[Yuan-Ping], Sun, J.[Jun], Minagawa, A.[Akihiro], Hotta, Y.[Yoshinobu], Naoi, S.[Satoshi],
Separate Chinese Character and English Character by Cascade Classifier and Feature Selection,
ICDAR09(1191-1195).
IEEE DOI Link 0907
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Hotta, Y.[Yoshinobu], Sun, J.[Jun], Katsuyama, Y.[Yutaka], Naoi, S.[Satoshi],
Robust Chinese Character Recognition by Selection of Binary-Based and Grayscale-Based Classifier,
DAS06(553-563).
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Sun, J.[Jun], Hotta, Y., Katsuyama, Y., Naoi, S.,
Camera based degraded text recognition using grayscale feature,
ICDAR05(I: 182-186).
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Chen, Q.A.[Qi-Ang], Sun, Y.J.[Yu-Jun], Xia, D.S.[De-Shen],
A novel segmentation method of handwritten Chinese number character strings,
ICARCV04(II: 1123-1128).
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Li, Y.X.[Yuan-Xiang], Tan, C.L.[Chew Lim],
Influence of language models and candidate set size on contextual postprocessing for chinese script recognition,
ICPR04(II: 537-540).
IEEE DOI Link 0409
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Wu, T.L.[Tian-Lei], Ma, S.P.[Shao-Ping],
Feature extraction by hierarchical overlapped elastic meshing for handwritten Chinese character recognition,
ICDAR03(529-533).
IEEE Abstract. 0311
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Shi, M.[Meng], Wakabayashi, T., Ohyama, W., Kimura, F.,
Automatic grading prototype system for KANJI dictation test,
ICPR02(III: 232-235).
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Velek, O., Liu, C.L.[Cheng-Lin], Jaeger, S., Nakagawa, M.,
An Improved Approach to Generating Realistic Kanji Character Images from On-Line Characters and Its Benefit to Off-Line Recognition Performance,
ICPR02(I: 588-591).
IEEE DOI Link 0211
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Cho, M.G.[Mi-Gyung], Cho, H.G.[Hwan-Gue],
A script matching algorithm for oriental characters on PDAs,
ICPR02(III: 957-960).
IEEE DOI Link 0211
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Feng, B.[Bing], Ding, X.Q.[Xiao-Qing], Wu, Y.S.[You-Shou],
Chinese handwriting recognition using hidden Markov models,
ICPR02(III: 212-215).
IEEE DOI Link 0211
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Ge, Y.[Yong], Huo, Q.A.[Qi-Ang],
A comparative study of several modeling approaches for large vocabulary offline recognition of handwritten chinese characters,
ICPR02(III: 85-88).
IEEE DOI Link 0211
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And:
A study on the use of CDHMM for large vocabulary offline recognition of handwritten chinese characters,
FHR02(334-338).
IEEE Top Reference. 0209
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Leung, S.L., Chee, P.C., Chan, C., Huo, Q.,
Contextual vector quantization modeling of hand-printed Chinese character recognition,
ICIP95(III: 432-435).
IEEE DOI Link 9510
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Huang, L.[Lei], Huang, X.[Xiao],
Multiresolution recognition of offline handwritten Chinese characters with wavelet transform,
ICDAR01(631-634).
IEEE DOI Link 0109
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Roth, V., Tsuda, K.,
Pairwise Coupling for Machine Recognition of Hand-Printed Japanese Characters,
CVPR01(I:1120-1125).
IEEE DOI Link 0110
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Xiao, B.H., Wang, C.H., Dai, R.W.,
Adaptive Combination of Classifiers and Its Application to Handwritten Chinese Character Recognition,
ICPR00(Vol II: 327-330).
IEEE DOI Link 0009
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Kawatani, T.,
Handwritten Kanji Recognition with Determinant Normalized Quadratic Discriminant Function,
ICPR00(Vol II: 343-346).
IEEE DOI Link 0009
BibRef

Wang, Q., Chi, Z., Feng, D.D., Zhao, R.,
Hidden Markov Random Field Based Approach for Off-line Handwritten Chinese Character Recognition,
ICPR00(Vol II: 347-350).
IEEE DOI Link 0009
BibRef

Wu, M., Zhang, B., Zhang, L.,
A Neural Network Based Classifier for Handwritten Chinese Character Recognition,
ICPR00(Vol II: 561-564).
IEEE DOI Link 0009
BibRef

Zhang, J., Ding, X., Liu, C.,
Multi-scale Feature Extraction and Nested-subset Classifier Design for High Accuracy Handwritten Character Recognition,
ICPR00(Vol II: 581-584).
IEEE DOI Link 0009
Chinese Characters BibRef

Wang, C.H., Xiao, B.H., Dai, R.W.,
A New Integration Scheme with Multi-layer Perceptron Networkrs for Handwritten Chinese Character Recognition,
ICPR00(Vol II: 961-964).
IEEE DOI Link 0009
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Kawatani, T.[Takahiko], Shimizu, H.[Hiroyuki],
Handwritten Kanji Recognition with the LDA Method,
ICPR98(Vol II: 1301-1305).
IEEE DOI Link 9808
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Lee, H.J.[Hsi-Jian], Wu, C.H.[Chih-Hung],
Chinese Handwritten Character Segmentation in Form Documents,
ICPR98(SAP1). 9808
Not online. BibRef

Tseng, L.Y., Chen, R.C.,
A New Method for Segmenting Handwritten Chinese Characters,
ICDAR97(568-571).
IEEE DOI Link 9708
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Li, X.Y.[Xing-Yuan], Oh, W.G.[Weon-Geun], Hong, J.R.[Jia-Rong], Gao, W.[Wen],
Recognizing Components of Handwritten Chinese Characters by Attributed Relational Graphs with Stable Features,
ICDAR97(616-620).
IEEE DOI Link 9708
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Lin, J.[Jun], Li, J.G.[Jie-Gu],
Off-line Chinese Signature Verification,
ICIP96(II: 205-207).
IEEE DOI Link BibRef 9600

Deng, D.[Da], Chan, K.P., Yu, Y.[Yinglin],
Handwritten Chinese character recognition using spatial Gabor filters and self-organizing feature maps,
ICIP94(III: 940-944).
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Li, X., Dodd, W.P.,
A Similarity Measure for On-line Handprinted Kanji Character Recognition,
BMVC94(xx-yy).
PDF Version. 9409
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Tsukumo, J.,
Handprinted Kanji character recognition based on flexible template matching,
ICPR92(II:483-486).
IEEE DOI Link 9208
BibRef

Kobayashi, Y., Yamada, K., Tsukumo, J.,
A segmentation method for handwritten Japanese character lines based on transitional information,
ICPR92(II:487-491).
IEEE DOI Link 9208
BibRef

Tsukumo, J., Tanaka, H.,
Classification of Handprinted Chinese Characters Using Non-Linear Normalization And Correlation Methods,
ICPR88(I: 168-171).
IEEE DOI Link 8811
BibRef

Li, B., Zhao, S.,
A New Approach to Recognition of Both Handwritten and Multi-Font Printed Chinese Characters,
ICPR86(641-643). BibRef 8600

Maeda, Y., Yoda, F., Matsuura, K., Nambu, H.,
Character Segmentation in Japanese Hand-Written Document Images,
ICPR86(769-772). BibRef 8600

Kawatani, T., Tsutsumida, T., Akamatsu, S., Nakajima, N.,
A New Precise Recognition Method for Handprinted Kanji,
CVPR85(538-543). BibRef 8500

Yamamoto, K., Yamada, H., Saito, T., Oka, R.I.,
Recognition of Handprinted Chinese Characters and Japanese Cursive Syllabary,
ICPR84(385-388). BibRef 8400
And: A1, A2, Only:
Recognition of Hand-printed Chinese Characters and the Japanese Cursive Syllabary,
SDIA92(xx-yy). 0905
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Naito, S., Hagita, N., and Masuda, I.,
Handprinted Kanji Recogniton by Feature Matching Methods and Its Application to Personal OCR,
CVPR83(297-302). BibRef 8300

Chapter on OCR, Document Analysis and Character Recognition Systems continues in
Online Recognition of Chinese Characters .


Last update:Aug 22, 2014 at 19:15:55