23.4.6.2 Handwritten Characters, Roman, Latin Alphabet

Chapter Contents (Back)
Printed Characters. Handwriting.

Kuhl, F.,
Classification and Recognition of Hand-Printed Characters,
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Munson, J.H.,
Experiments in the Recognition of Handprinted Text: Part I Character Recognition,
FJCC68(1125-1138). BibRef 6800

Toussaint, G.T., and Donaldson, R.W.,
Algorithms for Recognizing Contour-Traced Handprinted Characters,
TC(19), 1970, pp. 541-546. BibRef 7000

Donaldson, R.W., and Toussaint, G.T.,
Use of Contextual Constraints in Recognition of Contour-Traced handprinted Characters,
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Hussain, A.B.S., Toussaint, G.T., and Donaldson, R.W.,
Results Obtained Using a Simple Character Recognition Procedure on Munson's Handprinted Data,
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Casey, R.G.,
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Narasimhan, R., Reddy, V.S.N.,
A syntax-aided recognition scheme for handprinted English letters,
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Dutta, A.K.,
An Experimental Procedure for Handwritten Character Recognition,
TC(23), 1974, pp. 536-545. BibRef 7400

Lin, W.L., Scully, T.L.,
Computer Identification of Constrained Handprinted Characters with a High Recognition Rate,
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Dasarathy, B.V., and Kumar, K.S.B.,
CHITRA: Cognitive Handprinted Input Trained Recursively Analyzing System for Recognition of Alphanumeric Characters,
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Nevins, A.J.[Arthur J.],
An orientation free study of handprinted characters,
PR(11), No. 3, 1979, pp. 155-164.
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Biswan, P., Majumnder, A.K.,
A Multistage Fuzzy Classifier for Recognition of Handprinted Characters,
SMC(11), 1981, pp. 834-838. BibRef 8100

Fleming, J.F., Hemmings, R.F.,
A Method of Recognition for Handwritten Block Capitals,
PRL(1), 1983, pp. 457-464. BibRef 8300

Mori, S., Yamamoto, K., Yasuda, M.,
Research on Machine Recognition of Handprinted Characters,
PAMI(6), No. 4, July 1984, pp. 386-405. BibRef 8407

Brown, R.M., Fay, T.H., Walker, C.L.,
Handprinted Symbol Recognition System,
PR(21), No. 2, 1988, pp. 91-118.
WWW Version. BibRef 8800

Chen, L.H.[Ling-Hwei], Lieh, J.R.[June-Rong],
Handwritten character recognition using a 2-layer random graph model by relaxation matching,
PR(23), No. 11, 1990, pp. 1189-1205.
WWW Version. 0401
BibRef

Fukushima, K., and Wake, N.,
Handwritten Alphanumeric Character Recognition by the Neocognitron,
TNN(2), No. 3, 1991, pp. 355-365. BibRef 9100

Kuan, C.C.[Chih-Chau], Hull, J.J.[Jonathan J.], Srihari, S.N.[Sargur N.],
Method and apparatus for handwritten character recognition,
US_Patent5,058,182, October 15, 1991.
WWW Version. BibRef 9110

Blackwell, K.T., Vogl, T.P., Hyman, S.D., Barbour, G.S., Alkon, D.L.,
A new approach to hand-written character recognition,
PR(25), No. 6, June 1992, pp. 655-666.
WWW Version. 0401
BibRef

Abe, K.[Keiko],
Character discrimination system employing height-to-width ratio and vertical extraction position information,
US_Patent5,138,668, August 11, 1992.
WWW Version. BibRef 9208

Ohta, J.[Junichi],
Apparatus for converting handwritten characters onto finely shaped characters of common size and pitch, aligned in an inferred direction,
US_Patent5,111,514, May 5, 1992
WWW Version. BibRef 9205

Guo, J., Sun, N., Nemoto, Y., Kimura, M., Echigo, H., Sato, R.,
Recognition of Handwritten Characters Using Pattern Transformation Method with Cosine Function,
IEICE(D-11, J176), No. 4, 1993, pp. 835-842. In Japanese. BibRef 9300

Smith, S.J., Bourgoin, M.O., Sims, K., Voorhees, H.L.,
Handwritten Character Classification Using Nearest-Neighbor in Large Databases,
PAMI(16), No. 9, September 1994, pp. 915-919.
IEEE DOI Link BibRef 9409

Kovacs-Vajna, Z.M., Guerrieri, R.,
Massively-Parallel Handwritten Character-Recognition Based on the Distance Transform,
PR(28), No. 3, March 1995, pp. 293-301.
WWW Version. BibRef 9503

Kovacs-Vajna, Z.M.,
A Novel Architecture for High-Quality Hand-Printed Character-Recognition,
PR(28), No. 11, November 1995, pp. 1685-1692.
WWW Version. BibRef 9511

Shustorovich, A., Thrasher, C.W.,
Neural-Network Positioning and Classification of Handwritten Characters,
NeurNet(9), No. 4, June 1996, pp. 685-693. 9607
BibRef
Earlier: ICPR96(D82.9). 9608
(Eastman Kodak Company, USA) BibRef

AbuHaiba, I.S.I., Holt, M.J.J., Datta, S.,
Processing of Off-Line Handwritten Text: Polygonal-Approximation and Enforcement of Temporal Information,
GMIP(56), No. 4, July 1994, pp. 324-335. BibRef 9407

AbuHaiba, I.S.I., Holt, M.J.J., Datta, S.,
Straight-Line Approximation and 1D Representation of Off-Line Handwritten Text,
IVC(12), No. 10, December 1994, pp. 649-659.
WWW Version. BibRef 9412

AbuHaiba, I.S.I., Datta, S., Holt, M.J.J.,
Fuzzy State Machines to Recognize Totally Unconstructed Handwritten Strokes,
IVC(13), No. 10, December 1995, pp. 755-769.
WWW Version. BibRef 9512

AbuHaiba, I.S.I., Holt, M.J.J., Datta, S.,
Processing of Binary Images of Handwritten Text Documents,
PR(29), No. 7, July 1996, pp. 1161-1177.
WWW Version. 9607
BibRef

Kim, D.H., Kim, E.J., Bang, S.Y.,
A Variation Measure for Handwritten Character Image Data Using Entropy Difference,
PR(30), No. 1, January 1997, pp. 19-29.
WWW Version. 9702
BibRef

Fairhurst, M.C., Rahman, A.F.R.,
Generalized-Approach to the Recognition of Structurally Similar Handwritten Characters Using Multiple Expert Classifiers,
VISP(144), No. 1, February 1997, pp. 15-22. 9706
Classifiers, multiple. See also New Hybrid Approach in Combining Multiple Experts to Recognize Handwritten Numerals, A. See also Design Considerations in the Real-Time Implementation of Multiple Expert Image Classifiers within a Modular and Flexible Multiple-platform Design Environment. BibRef

Cheng, D.H., Yan, H.,
Recognition of Broken and Noisy Handwritten Characters Using Statistical-Methods Based on a Broken-Character-Mending Algorithm,
OptEng(36), No. 5, May 1997, pp. 1465-1479. 9706
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Fan, K.C., Wang, Y.K.,
A Genetic Sparse Distributed Memory Approach to the Application of Handwritten Character Recognition,
PR(30), No. 12, December 1997, pp. 2015-2022.
WWW Version. 9805
BibRef

Garris, M.D., Blue, J.L., Candela, G.T., Dimmick, D.L., Geist, J.C., Grother, P.J., Janet, S.A., Omidvar, O.M., Wilson, C.L.,
Design of a Handprint Recognition System,
JEI(6), No. 2, April 1997, pp. 231-243. 9807
BibRef

Garris, M.D., Blue, J.L., Candela, G.T., Dimmick, D.L., Geist, J.C., Grother, P.J., Janet, S.A., Wilson, C.L.,
NIST Form-Based Handprint Recognition System,
NISTIR5469, July 1994. BibRef 9407

Garris, M.D.,
Nist Form-Based Handprint Recognition System (Release 2.2),
NISTIRApril 2003.
HTML Version. Code, OCR. Standard reference form-based handprint recognition system for evaluating optical character recognition. BibRef 0304

Garris, M.D., Blue, J.L., Candela, G.T., Dimmick, D.L., Geist, J.C., Grother, P.J., Janet, S.A., Wilson, C.L.,
Off-line Handwriting Recognition from Forms,
SMC-C95(2783-2788). BibRef 9500

Garris, M.D., Wilson, C.L., Blue, J.L.,
Neural Network Based Systems for Handprint OCR Applications,
IP(7), No. 8, August 1998, pp. 1097-1112.
IEEE DOI Link 9808
BibRef

Heutte, L., Paquet, T., Moreau, J.V., Lecourtier, Y., Olivier, C.,
A Structural/Statistical Feature Based Vector for Handwritten Character Recognition,
PRL(19), No. 7, May 1998, pp. 629-641. 9808
BibRef
Earlier: A1, A3, A2, A4, A5:
Combining Structural and Statistical Features for the Recognition of Handwritten Characters,
ICPR96(II: 210-214).
IEEE DOI Link 9608
(Universite de Rouen, F) BibRef

Wada, K., Mori, K., Toraichi, K.,
PARM: A Parallel Relaxation Machine for Handwritten Character Recognition,
PRL(19), No. 5-6, April 1998, pp. 475-481. 9808
BibRef

Chim, Y.C.[Yuen-Chong], Kassim, A.A.[Ashraf A.], Ibrahim, Y.[Yaacob],
Dual Classifier System for Handwritten Alphanumeric Character Recognition,
PAA(1), No. 3, 1998, pp. xx-yy. BibRef 9800

Oh, I.S.[Il-Seok], Suen, C.Y.[Ching Y.],
Distance features for neural network-based recognition of handwritten characters,
IJDAR(1), No. 2, 1998, pp. 319-330. BibRef 9800
Earlier:
A Feature for Character Recognition Based on Directional Distance Distributions,
ICDAR97(288-292).
IEEE DOI Link 9708
BibRef

Oh, I.S.[Il-Seok], Suen, C.Y.[Ching Y.],
A class-modular feedforward neural network for handwriting recognition,
PR(35), No. 1, January 2002, pp. 229-244.
WWW Version. 0111
BibRef

Oh, I.S.[Il-Seok], Lee, J.S.[Jin-Seon], Suen, C.Y.[Ching Y.],
Analysis of Class Separation and Combination of Class-Dependent Features for Handwriting Recognition,
PAMI(21), No. 10, October 1999, pp. 1089-1094.
IEEE DOI Link BibRef 9910
And:
A class-modularity for character recognition,
ICDAR01(64-68).
IEEE DOI Link 0109
Feature-Selection-Based combination and class-dependent features. BibRef

Lee, J.S.[Jin-Seon], Suen, C.Y.[Ching Y.], Oh, I.S.[Il-Seok],
Using Class Separation for Feature Analysis and Combination of Class-Dependent Features,
ICPR98(Vol I: 453-455).
IEEE DOI Link 9808
BibRef

Li, Z.C., Suen, C.Y.,
The partition-combination method for recognition of handwritten characters,
PRL(21), No. 6-7, June 2000, pp. 701-720. 0006
BibRef

Li, Z.C., Suen, C.Y.,
Crucial combinations for the recognition of handwritten letters,
PRL(21), No. 10, October 2000, pp. 873-898. 0008
BibRef

Chen, H., Agazzi, O.E., Suen, C.Y.,
Piecewise Linear Modulation Model of Handwriting,
ICDAR97(363-367).
IEEE DOI Link 9708
BibRef

Chen, W., Suen, C.Y., Strobel, M.G.,
Extraction of Lines of Texts in Unconstrained Handwritten Documents,
ICDAR97(We-1A) 9708
In program, not in proceedings. BibRef

Ghosh, D., Shivaprasad, A.P.,
An analytic approach for generation of artificial hand-printed character database from given generative models,
PR(32), No. 6, June 1999, pp. 907-920.
WWW Version. BibRef 9906

Pessoa, L.F.C.[Lúcio F.C.], Maragos, P.[Petros],
Neural networks with hybrid morphological/rank/linear nodes: a unifying framework with applications to handwritten character recognition,
PR(33), No. 6, June 2000, pp. 945-960.
WWW Version. 0004
BibRef

Lazzerini, B.[Beatrice], Marcelloni, F.[Francesco],
A linguistic fuzzy recogniser of off-line handwritten characters,
PRL(21), No. 3, March 2000, pp. 319-327. 0004
BibRef

de Stefano, C., della Cioppa, A., Marcelli, A.,
Character preclassification based on genetic programming,
PRL(23), No. 12, October 2002, pp. 1439-1448.
Elsevier DOI Link 0206
BibRef

Cordella, L.P., de Stefano, C., Fontanella, F., Marrocco, C.,
A feature selection algorithm for handwritten character recognition,
ICPR08(1-4).
IEEE DOI Link 0812
BibRef

Cordella, L.P., de Stefano, C., Fontanella, F., Marcelli, A.,
Looking for Prototypes by Genetic Programming,
IWICPAS06(152-159).
Springer DOI Link 0608
BibRef
Earlier:
A Novel Genetic Programming Based Approach for Classification Problems,
CIAP05(727-734).
Springer DOI Link 0509
BibRef

Cordella, L.P., Foggia, P., Sansone, C., Tortorella, F., Vento, M.,
Prototyping Structural Shape Descriptions by Inductive Learning,
VF01(484 ff.).
HTML Version. 0209
BibRef

de Stefano, C.[Claudio], della Cioppa, A., Marcelli, A., Matarazzo, F.,
Grouping Character Shapes by Means of Genetic Programming,
VF01(504 ff.).
HTML Version. 0209
BibRef

de Stefano, C., della Cioppa, A., Marcelli, A.,
Learning handwriting by evolution: a conceptual framework for performance evaluation and tuning,
PR(35), No. 5, May 2002, pp. 1025-1037.
WWW Version. 0202
BibRef

de Stefano, C.[Claudio], Garruto, M.[Marco], Lapresa, L.[Luis], Marcelli, A.[Angelo],
Using Strings for On-Line Handwriting Shape Matching: A New Weighted Edit Distance,
CIAP05(1125-1132).
Springer DOI Link 0509
BibRef

de Stefano, C., Garruto, M., Marcelli, A.,
A multiresolution approach to on-line handwriting segmentation and feature extraction,
ICPR04(II: 614-617).
IEEE DOI Link 0409
BibRef

Hanmandlu, M., Murali Mohan, K.R., Chakraborty, S.[Sourav], Goyal, S.[Sumeer], Choudhury, D.R.[D. Roy],
Unconstrained handwritten character recognition based on fuzzy logic,
PR(36), No. 3, March 2003, pp. 603-623.
WWW Version. 0301
BibRef

Hanmandlu, M., Mohan, K., Chakraborty, S., Goel, S.,
Fuzzy Logic Based Handwritten Character Recognition,
ICIP01(III: 42-45).
IEEE DOI Link 0108
BibRef

Hanmandlu, M., Murali Mohan, K.R., Gupta, V.,
Fuzzy Logic Based Handwritten Character Recognition 2,
ICIP97(III: 714-717).
IEEE DOI Link 9710
BibRef

Chakravarthy, V.S.[V. Srinivasa], Kompella, B.[Bhaskar],
The shape of handwritten characters,
PRL(24), No. 12, August 2003, pp. 1901-1913.
WWW Version. 0304
BibRef

Gangadhar, G.[Garipelli], Joseph, D.[Denny], Chakravarthy, V.S.[V. Srinivasa],
An oscillatory neuromotor model of handwriting generation,
IJDAR(10), No. 2, November 2007, pp. 69-84.
Springer DOI Link 0711
BibRef

Aksela, M.[Matti], Girdziusas, R.[Ramunas], Laaksonen, J.T.[Jorma T.], Oja, E.[Erkki], Kangas, J.[Jari],
Methods for adaptive combination of classifiers with application to recognition of handwritten characters,
IJDAR(6), No. 1, 2003, pp. 23-41.
HTML Version. 0308
BibRef

Aksela, M.[Matti], Laaksonen, J.T.[Jorma T.], Oja, E., Kangas, J.,
Rejection methods for an adaptive committee classifier,
ICDAR01(982-986).
IEEE DOI Link 0109
BibRef

Aksela, M.[Matti], Laaksonen, J.T.[Jorma T.],
Adaptive combination of adaptive classifiers for handwritten character recognition,
PRL(28), No. 1, 1 January 2007, pp. 136-143.
WWW Version. 0611
Classifier combining; Adaptive classifiers; Adaptive committee; On-line adaptation; Handwritten character recognition BibRef

Chou, C.H.[Chien-Hsing], Lin, C.C.[Chin-Chin], Liu, Y.H.[Ying-Ho], Chang, F.[Fu],
A prototype classification method and its use in a hybrid solution for multiclass pattern recognition,
PR(39), No. 4, April 2006, pp. 624-634.
WWW Version. 0604
Fuzzy c-means clustering algorithm; Handwritten character recognition; Hybrid classifier; K-means clustering algorithm; Prototype learning; Support vector machine BibRef

Oncina, J.[Jose], Sebban, M.[Marc],
Learning stochastic edit distance: Application in handwritten character recognition,
PR(39), No. 9, September 2006, pp. 1575-1587.
WWW Version. 0606
BibRef
Earlier:
Using Learned Conditional Distributions as Edit Distance,
SSPR06(403-411).
Springer DOI Link 0608
Stochastic edit distance; Finite-state transducers See also Learning state machine-based string edit kernels. BibRef

Micó, L.[Luisa], Oncina, J.[Jose],
A log square average case algorithm to make insertions in fast similarity search,
PRL(33), No. 9, 1 July 2012, pp. 1060-1065.
Elsevier DOI Link 1202
Similarity search; Metric space; Dynamic index; Insertions BibRef

Gagné, C.[Christian], Parizeau, M.[Marc],
Genetic engineering of hierarchical fuzzy regional representations for handwritten character recognition,
IJDAR(8), No. 4, September 2006, pp. 223-231.
Springer DOI Link 0609
BibRef

Lemieux, A., Gagné, C.[Christian], Parizeau, M.[Marc],
Genetical engineering of handwriting representations,
FHR02(145-150).
IEEE Top Reference. 0209
BibRef

Parizeau, M., Lemieux, A., Gagne, C.,
Character recognition experiments using Unipen data,
ICDAR01(481-485).
IEEE DOI Link 0109
BibRef

Plötz, T.[Thomas], Fink, G.A.[Gernot A.],
Markov models for offline handwriting recognition: a survey,
IJDAR(12), No. 4, December 2009, pp. xx-yy.
Springer DOI Link 0912
Survey, Handwriting. BibRef

Pauplin, O.[Olivier], Jiang, J.M.[Jian-Min],
DBN-based structural learning and optimisation for automated handwritten character recognition,
PRL(33), No. 6, 15 April 2012, pp. 685-692.
Elsevier DOI Link 1203
Pattern classification; Dynamic Bayesian Network; Structure learning; Supervised learning; Handwritten character recognition; Evolutionary Algorithm BibRef

Liwicki, M.[Marcus], Ebert, S.[Sebastian], Dengel, A.[Andreas],
Bridging the gap between handwriting recognition and knowledge management,
PRL(35), No. 1, 2014, pp. 204-213.
Elsevier DOI Link 1312
Handwriting recognition BibRef


Hyuga, T., Wada, H., Aizawa, T., Ijiri, Y., Kawade, M.,
Deformed and Touched Characters Recognition,
ACPR13(744-745)
IEEE DOI Link 1408
computer vision BibRef

Cecotti, H., Vajda, S.,
A Radial Neural Convolutional Layer for Multi-oriented Character Recognition,
ICDAR13(668-672)
IEEE DOI Link 1312
BibRef
And:
Rejection Schemes in Multi-class Classification: Application to Handwritten Character Recognition,
ICDAR13(445-449)
IEEE DOI Link 1312
handwritten character recognition Radon transforms. BibRef

Roy, U., Sankaran, N., Sankar, K.P., Jawahar, C.V.,
Character N-Gram Spotting on Handwritten Documents Using Weakly-Supervised Segmentation,
ICDAR13(577-581)
IEEE DOI Link 1312
handwritten character recognition BibRef

Breuel, T.M., Ul-Hasan, A., Al-Azawi, M.A., Shafait, F.,
High-Performance OCR for Printed English and Fraktur Using LSTM Networks,
ICDAR13(683-687)
IEEE DOI Link 1312
handwriting recognition BibRef

Hirabara, L.Y.[Luciane Y.], Aires, S.B.K.[Simone B.K.], Freitas, C.O.A.[Cinthia O.A.], de Souza Britto, A.[Alceu], Sabourin, R.[Robert],
Dynamic Zoning Selection for Handwritten Character Recognition,
CIARP11(507-514).
Springer DOI Link 1111
BibRef

Ciresan, D.C.[Dan Claudiu], Meier, U.[Ueli], Gambardella, L.M.[Luca Maria], Schmidhuber, J.[Jurgen],
Convolutional Neural Network Committees for Handwritten Character Classification,
ICDAR11(1135-1139).
IEEE DOI Link 1111
BibRef

Gao, Y.[Yan], Jin, L.[Lanwen], He, C.[Cong], Zhou, G.[Guibin],
Handwriting Character Recognition as a Service: A New Handwriting Recognition System Based on Cloud Computing,
ICDAR11(885-889).
IEEE DOI Link 1111
BibRef

Miyoshi, T.[Toshinori], Shinjo, H.[Hiroshi], Nagasaki, T.[Takeshi],
Simplified polynomial network classifier for handwritten character recognition,
ICPR08(1-5).
IEEE DOI Link 0812
BibRef

Schlapbach, A.[Andreas], Wettstein, F.[Frank], Bunke, H.[Horst],
Estimating the readability of handwritten text: A Support Vector Regression based approach,
ICPR08(1-4).
IEEE DOI Link 0812
BibRef

Thome, N., Vacavant, A.,
A Combined Statistical-Structural Strategy for Alphanumeric Recognition,
ISVC07(II: 529-538).
Springer DOI Link 0711
BibRef

Sadri, J.[Javad], Suen, C.Y.[Ching Y.], Bui, T.D.[Tien D.],
A New Clustering Method for Improving Plasticity and Stability in Handwritten Character Recognition Systems,
ICPR06(II: 1130-1133).
IEEE DOI Link 0609
BibRef

Miyao, H.[Hidetoshi], Maruyama, M.[Minoru],
Virtual Example Synthesis Based on PCA for Off-Line Handwritten Character Recognition,
DAS06(96-105).
Springer DOI Link 0602
See also online handwritten music symbol recognition system, An. See also On-Line Handwritten flowchart Recognition, Beautification and Editing System. BibRef

Miyao, H., Maruyama, M., Nakano, Y., Hananoi, T.,
Off-line handwritten character recognition by SVM based on the virtual examples synthesized from on-line characters,
ICDAR05(I: 494-498).
IEEE DOI Link 0508
BibRef

Liu, Y.[Yang], Liu, X.B.[Xia-Bi], Jia, Y.D.[Yun-De],
Hand-Gesture Based Text Input for Wearable Computers,
CVS06(8).
IEEE DOI Link 0602
Write the character by the fingertip. BibRef

Keysers, D., Gollan, C., Ney, H.,
Local context in non-linear deformation models for handwritten character recognition,
ICPR04(IV: 511-514).
IEEE DOI Link 0409
BibRef

Sun, G.[Guangling], Huang, J.H.[Jian-Hua], Tang, X.L.[Xiang-Long],
Active discriminant functions for handwriting recognition,
ICPR04(II: 602-605).
IEEE DOI Link 0409
BibRef

Chang, F.[Fu], Lin, C.C.[Chin-Chin], Chen, C.J.[Chun-Jen],
Applying a hybrid method to handwritten character recognition,
ICPR04(II: 529-532).
IEEE DOI Link 0409
BibRef

Noor, N.M., Razaz, M., Manley-Cooke, P.,
Global geometry extraction for fuzzy logic based handwritten character recognition,
ICPR04(II: 513-516).
IEEE DOI Link 0409
BibRef

Ellozy, H.A.[Hamed A.], Jeanty, H.H.[Henry H.], Tappert, C.C.[Charles C.],
Handwriting recognition employing pairwise discriminant measures,
US_Patent5,005,205, April 2, 1991.
WWW Version. BibRef 9104

Cha, S.H.[Sung-Hyuk], Yoon, S.S.[Sung-Soo], Tappert, C.C.,
On binary similarity measures for handwritten character recognition,
ICDAR05(I: 4-8).
IEEE DOI Link 0508
BibRef

Cha, S.H.[Sung-Hyuk], Tappert, C.C., Srihari, S.N.,
Optimizing binary feature vector similarity measure using genetic algorithm and handwritten character recognition,
ICDAR03(662-665).
IEEE Abstract. 0311
BibRef

Feldbach, M., Tönnies, K.D.,
Word segmentation of handwritten dates in historical documents by combining semantic a-priori-knowledge with local features,
ICDAR03(333-337).
IEEE Abstract. 0311
BibRef
Earlier:
Segmentation of the Date in Entries of Historical Church Registers,
DAGM02(403 ff.).
HTML Version. 0303
BibRef
Earlier:
Line detection and segmentation in historical church registers,
ICDAR01(743-747).
IEEE DOI Link 0109
BibRef

Cho, S.J.[Sung-Jung], Perrone, M.P., Ratzlaff, E.,
Probability table compression for handwritten character recognition,
ICDAR03(173-177).
IEEE Abstract. 0311
BibRef

Nopsuwanchai, R., Povey, D.,
Discriminative training for HMM-based of fine handwritten character recognition,
ICDAR03(114-118).
IEEE Abstract. 0311
BibRef

Wada, Y., Kasuga, H., Sumita, K.,
An evolutionary approach for the generation of diversiform characters using a handwriting model,
ICPR02(III: 131-134).
IEEE DOI Link 0211
BibRef

Mori, M.,
Video text recognition using feature compensation as category-dependent feature extraction,
ICDAR03(645-649).
IEEE Abstract. 0311
BibRef

Mori, M., Sawaki, M., Hagita, N.,
Category-dependent feature extraction for recognition of degraded handwritten characters,
ICPR02(III: 155-159).
IEEE DOI Link 0211
BibRef

Mori, M., Sawaki, M., Hagita, N., Murase, H., Mukawa, N.,
Robust feature extraction based on run-length compensation for degraded handwritten character recognition,
ICDAR01(650-654).
IEEE DOI Link 0109
BibRef

Lam, L., Xu, Q.[Qizhi], Suen, C.Y.,
Differentiation between alphabetic and numeric data using NN ensembles,
ICPR02(IV: 40-43).
IEEE DOI Link 0211
BibRef

Zhu, X.Y.[Xiao-Yan], Shi, Y.[Yifan],
A handwritten character recognition method with ANN feedback,
ICDAR01(255-259).
IEEE DOI Link 0109
BibRef
And:
A New Algorithm for Handwritten Character Recognition,
ICIP01(I: 1130-1133).
IEEE DOI Link 0108
BibRef

Arlandis, J.[Joaquim], Perez-Cortes, J.C.[Juan-Carlos], Llobet, R.[Rafael],
Handwritten Character Recognition Using the Continuos Distance Transformation,
ICPR00(Vol I: 940-943).
IEEE DOI Link 0009
BibRef

Miller, E.G.[Erik G.], Matsakis, N.E.[Nicholas E.], Viola, P.A.[Paul A.],
Learning from One Example through Shared Densities on Transforms,
CVPR00(I: 464-471).
IEEE DOI Link 0005
Learning BibRef

Prema, K.V., Reddy, N.V.S.,
Neural Network Based Handwritten Character Recognition for Conflict Resolution,
MVA98(xx-yy). BibRef 9800

Waizumi, Y., Kato, N., Saruta, K., Nemoto, Y.,
High Speed Rough Classification for Handwritten Characters Using Hierarchical Learning Vector Quantization,
ICDAR97(23-27).
IEEE DOI Link 9708
BibRef

Matsumura, S., Kobayashi, T., Nakamura, O., Ogura, K.,
Document Input According to Recognition Accuracy of Handwritten Characters,
ICDAR97(51-55).
IEEE DOI Link 9708
BibRef

Rodrigues Gomes, N., Lee, L.L.[Luan Ling],
Feature extraction based on fuzzy set theory for handwriting recognition,
ICDAR01(655-659).
IEEE DOI Link 0109
BibRef

Lee, L.L.[Luan Ling], Rodrigues Gomes, N.,
Disconnected Handwritten Character Image Recognition,
ICDAR97(467-470).
IEEE DOI Link 9708
BibRef

Gloger, J.M., Kaltenmeier, A., Mandler, E., Andrews, L.,
Reject Management in a Handwriting Recognition System,
ICDAR97(556-559).
IEEE DOI Link 9708
BibRef

Kimura, F., Kayahara, N., Miyake, Y., Shridhar, M.,
Machine and human recognition of segmented characters from handwritten words,
ICDAR97(866-869).
IEEE DOI Link 9708
BibRef

Park, H.S.[Hee-Seon], Lee, S.W.[Seong-Whan],
An HMMRF-based statistical approach for off-line handwritten character recognition,
ICPR96(II: 320-324).
IEEE DOI Link 9608
(Korea Univ., KOR) BibRef

Gong, Y., Boyer, A.,
Hand-written text recognition based on a new formulation,
ICPR92(II:112-115).
IEEE DOI Link 9208
BibRef

Yokozuka, S., Kida, H.,
An application of feature selection to handwritten character recognition,
ICPR92(II:537-540).
IEEE DOI Link 9208
BibRef

Kimura, M., Ejima, T., Aso, H., Yashiro, H., Son, N., Suzuki, M.,
An Intelligent Character Recognition System with High Accuracy and High Speed by Integrating Image-Type and Logical-Type Information Processings,
ICPR88(I: 38-40).
IEEE DOI Link
IEEE Top Reference. BibRef 8800

Holder, S., Dengler, J.,
Font- and Size-Invariant Character Recognition with Greyvalue Image Features,
ICPR88(I: 252-254).
IEEE DOI Link 8811
BibRef

Leveridge, P.C., Leedham, C.G.,
Experiments with an N-Tuple Recogniser for Fast 'First Try' Recognition of Unconstrained Handwritten Symbols,
ICPR88(II: 905-907).
IEEE DOI Link 8811
BibRef

Lettera, C., Masera, L., Paoli, C., Porinelli, R.,
Use of a Dictionary in Conjunction with a Handwritten Texts Recognizer,
ICPR86(699-701). BibRef 8600

Sagawa, T., Tanaka, E., Suzuki, M., Fujita, M.,
An Unsupervised Learning of Hand-Printed Characters with Linguistic Information,
ICPR84(766-769). BibRef 8400

Kuklinski, T.T.,
Components of Handprint Style Variabilty,
ICPR84(924-926). BibRef 8400

Chapter on OCR, Document Analysis and Character Recognition Systems continues in
Handwritten Characters, Feature Extraction .


Last update:Oct 24, 2014 at 11:22:31