23.4.8.3 Arabic Recognition, Word Level, Word Spotting

Chapter Contents (Back)
OCR. Arabic Characters. Word Level.

Al-Badr, B.[Badr], Haralick, R.M.[Robert M.],
A Segmentation-Free Approach to Text Recognition Recognition with Application to Arabic Text,
IJDAR(1), No. 3, December 1998, pp. 147-166. BibRef 9812

Benouareth, A.[Abdallah], Ennaji, A.[Abdellatif], Sellami, M.[Mokhtar],
Semi-continuous Hmms with explicit state duration for unconstrained Arabic word modeling and recognition,
PRL(29), No. 12, 1 September 2008, pp. 1742-1752.
WWW Version. 0804
BibRef
Earlier:
HMMs with Explicit State Duration Applied to Handwritten Arabic Word Recognition,
ICPR06(II: 897-900).
IEEE DOI Link 0609
Off-line handwritten Arabic word recognition; Semi-continuous HMM; Explicit state duration; Statistical and structural features; Embedded training; Modified Viterbi algorithm BibRef

Mohamad, R.A.H.[Ramy Al-Hajj], Likforman-Sulem, L.[Laurence], Mokbel, C.[Chafic],
Combining Slanted-Frame Classifiers for Improved HMM-Based Arabic Handwriting Recognition,
PAMI(31), No. 7, July 2009, pp. 1165-1177.
IEEE DOI Link 0905
BibRef
Earlier: A2, A3, A2:
Combination of HMM-Based Classifiers for the Recognition of Arabic Handwritten Words,
ICDAR07(959-963).
IEEE DOI Link 0709
Offline recognition of Arabic city names. Neural network combination of 3 classifiers. BibRef

Assabie, Y.[Yaregal], Bigun, J.[Josef],
Offline handwritten Amharic word recognition,
PRL(32), No. 8, 1 June 2011, pp. 1089-1099.
Elsevier DOI Link 1101
BibRef
Earlier:
HMM-Based Handwritten Amharic Word Recognition with Feature Concatenation,
ICDAR09(961-965).
IEEE DOI Link 0907
BibRef
Earlier:
Lexicon-based offline recognition of Amharic words in unconstrained handwritten text,
ICPR08(1-4).
IEEE DOI Link 0812
Amharic; Ethiopic script; Handwriting recognition; Word recognition; OCR; HMM BibRef

Slimane, F.[Fouad], Kanoun, S.[Slim], Hennebert, J.[Jean], Alimi, A.M.[Adel M.], Ingold, R.[Rolf],
A study on font-family and font-size recognition applied to Arabic word images at ultra-low resolution,
PRL(34), No. 2, 15 January 2013, pp. 209-218.
Elsevier DOI Link 1212
Font/size recognition; GMM; HMM; Arabic OCR; Sliding window; Ultra-low resolution BibRef

Azeem, S.A.[Sherif Abdel], Ahmed, H.[Hany],
Effective technique for the recognition of offline Arabic handwritten words using hidden Markov models,
IJDAR(16), No. 4, December 2013, pp. 399-412.
WWW Version. 1312
BibRef
Earlier:
Effective Technique for the Recognition of Writer Independent Off-Line Handwritten Arabic Words,
FHR12(594-599).
IEEE DOI Link 1302
BibRef

Giménez, A.[Adriŕ], Khoury, I.[Ihab], Andrés-Ferrer, J.[Jesús], Juan, A.[Alfons],
Handwriting word recognition using windowed Bernoulli HMMs,
PRL(35), No. 1, 2014, pp. 149-156.
Elsevier DOI Link 1312
HTR BibRef

Doetsch, P.[Patrick], Hamdani, M.[Mahdi], Ney, H.[Hermann], Gimenez, A.[Adria], Andres-Ferrer, J.[Jesus], Juan, A.[Alfons],
Comparison of Bernoulli and Gaussian HMMs Using a Vertical Repositioning Technique for Off-Line Handwriting Recognition,
FHR12(3-7).
IEEE DOI Link 1302
BibRef

Giménez, A.[Adriŕ], Andrés-Ferrer, J.[Jesús], Juan, A.[Alfons],
Discriminative Bernoulli HMMs for isolated handwritten word recognition,
PRL(35), No. 1, 2014, pp. 157-168.
Elsevier DOI Link 1312
HTR BibRef
Earlier: A1, A3, Only:
Bernoulli HMMs at Subword Level for Handwritten Word Recognition,
IbPRIA09(497-504).
Springer DOI Link 0906
BibRef

Khoury, I.[Ihab], Giménez, A.[Adriŕ], Juan, A.[Alfons],
Arabic Printed Word Recognition Using Windowed Bernoulli HMMs,
CIAP13(I:330-339).
Springer DOI Link 1311
BibRef
Earlier: A2, A1, A3:
Windowed Bernoulli Mixture HMMs for Arabic Handwritten Word Recognition,
FHR10(533-538).
IEEE DOI Link 1011
BibRef

Giménez, A.[Adriŕ], Juan, A.[Alfons],
Embedded Bernoulli Mixture HMMs for Handwritten Word Recognition,
ICDAR09(896-900).
IEEE DOI Link 0907
BibRef
Earlier:
Embedded Bernoulli Mixture HMMs for Continuous Handwritten Text Recognition,
CAIP09(197-204).
Springer DOI Link 0909
See also Explicit Modelling of Invariances in Bernoulli Mixtures for Binary Images. BibRef

Khayyat, M.[Muna], Lam, L.[Louisa], Suen, C.Y.[Ching Y.],
Learning-based word spotting system for Arabic handwritten documents,
PR(47), No. 3, 2014, pp. 1021-1030.
Elsevier DOI Link 1312
BibRef
Earlier:
Verification of Hierarchical Classifier Results for Handwritten Arabic Word Spotting,
ICDAR13(572-576)
IEEE DOI Link 1312
BibRef
And:
Arabic Handwritten Word Spotting Using Language Models,
FHR12(43-48).
IEEE DOI Link 1302
Arabic handwriting recognition. document image processing BibRef

Nobile, N.[Nicola], He, C.L.[Chun Lei], Sagheer, M.W.[Malik Waqas], Lam, L.[Louisa], Suen, C.Y.[Ching Y.],
Digit/Symbol Pruning and Verification for Arabic Handwritten Digit/Symbol Spotting,
ICDAR11(648-652).
IEEE DOI Link 1111
BibRef


Zirari, F.[Fattah], Ennaji, A.[Abdel], Mammass, D.[Driss], Nicolas, S.[Stéphane],
Spot Words in Printed Historical Arabic Documents,
ICISP14(289-296).
Springer DOI Link 1406
BibRef

Saabni, R.,
Efficient Word Image Retrieval Using Earth Movers Distance Embedded to Wavelets Coefficients Domain,
ICDAR13(314-318)
IEEE DOI Link 1312
Arabic words. document image processing BibRef

Saidani, A., Echi, A.K., Belaid, A.,
Identification of Machine-Printed and Handwritten Words in Arabic and Latin Scripts,
ICDAR13(798-802)
IEEE DOI Link 1312
Bayes methods BibRef

Krayem, A., Sherkat, N., Evett, L., Osman, T.,
Holistic Arabic Whole Word Recognition Using HMM and Block-Based DCT,
ICDAR13(1120-1124)
IEEE DOI Link 1312
discrete cosine transforms BibRef

Ben Cheikh, I.[Imen], Ziadi, F.[Faten],
HMM Based Model for Arabic Word Conjugation Recognition and Word Reconstitution from Morphological Concepts,
IbPRIA13(450-459).
Springer DOI Link 1307
BibRef

Jiang, Z.W.[Zhi-Wei], Ding, X.Q.[Xiao-Qing], Peng, L.R.[Liang-Rui], Liu, C.S.[Chang-Song],
Analyzing the information entropy of states to optimize the number of states in an HMM-based off-line handwritten Arabic word recognizer,
ICPR12(697-700).
WWW Version. 1302
BibRef

Kchaou, M.G.[Mariem Gargouri], Kanoun, S.[Slim], Ogier, J.M.[Jean-Marc],
Segmentation and Word Spotting Methods for Printed and Handwritten Arabic Texts: A Comparative Study,
FHR12(274-279).
IEEE DOI Link 1302
BibRef

Nemouchi, S.[Soulef], Meslati, L.S.[Labiba Souici], Farah, N.[Nadir],
Classifiers Combination for Arabic Words Recognition: Application to Handwritten Algerian City Names,
ICISP12(562-570).
Springer DOI Link 1208
BibRef

Belaďd, A.[Abdel], Choisy, C.[Christophe],
Human Reading Based Strategies for Off-Line Arabic Word Recognition,
SACH06(xx-yy).
Springer DOI Link 0609
BibRef

Fathalla, R., El Sonbaty, Y., Ismail, M.,
Extraction of Arabic Words from Complex Color Image,
ICDAR07(1223-1227).
IEEE DOI Link 0709
BibRef

El Abed, H.[Haikal], Margner, V.[Volker],
Comparison of Different Preprocessing and Feature Extraction Methods for Offline Recognition of Handwritten Arabic Words,
ICDAR07(974-978).
IEEE DOI Link 0709
BibRef

Nadir, F., Abdelatif, E., Tarek, K., Mokhtar, S.,
Benefit of multiclassifier systems for Arabic handwritten words recognition,
ICDAR05(I: 222-226).
IEEE DOI Link 0508
BibRef

Chapter on OCR, Document Analysis and Character Recognition Systems continues in
Farsi, Persian Character Recognition .


Last update:Jul 26, 2014 at 15:36:29