23.2.2.2.3 Text Detection, Find Text in General Scenes, Documents, Scene Text

Chapter Contents (Back)
Document Analysis. Scene Text. Text Detection. Extract text from images. More than just segmentation of documents, find the text strings. For more, expecially video and captions: See also Video Analysis -- Captions, Text, Video Text.

Ikica, A.[Andrej], Peer, P.[Peter],
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Suen, H.M., Wang, J.F.,
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PR(34), No. 7, July 2001, pp. 1349-1365.
WWW Version. 0105
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Hase, H., Shinokawa, T., Yoneda, M., Sakai, M., Maruyama, H.,
Character String Extraction by Multi-Stage Relaxation,
ICDAR97(298-302).
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Hase, H.[Hiroyuki], Yoneda, M.[Masaaki], Tokai, S.[Shogo], Kato, J.[Jien], Suen, C.Y.[Ching Y.],
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IJDAR(6), No. 4, April 2004, pp. 271-284.
Springer DOI Link The character color is not constant. 0406
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Pan, W.M.[Wu-Mo], Bui, T.D., Suen, C.Y.,
Text detection from natural scene images using topographic maps and sparse representations,
ICIP09(2021-2024).
IEEE DOI Link 0911
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Earlier:
Text detection from scene images using sparse representation,
ICPR08(1-5).
IEEE DOI Link 0812
BibRef
And:
Isolated Handwritten Farsi Numerals Recognition Using Sparse and Over-Complete Representations,
ICDAR09(586-590).
IEEE DOI Link 0907
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Earlier:
Text Segmentation from Complex Background Using Sparse Representations,
ICDAR07(412-416).
IEEE DOI Link 0709
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Strouthopoulos, C., Papamarkos, N., Atsalakis, A.E.,
Text extraction in complex color documents,
PR(35), No. 8, August 2002, pp. 1743-1758.
WWW Version. 0206
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Clark, P.[Paul], Mirmehdi, M.[Majid],
Recognising Text in Real Scenes,
IJDAR(4), No. 4, 2002, pp. 243-257.
HTML Version. 0208
Find page boundaries or use neural net based texture. BibRef
Earlier:
Combining Statistical Measures to Find Image Text Regions,
ICPR00(Vol I: 450-453).
IEEE DOI Link 0009
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And:
Finding Text Regions using Localised Statistical Measures,
BMVC00(xx-yy).
PDF Version. 0009
See also Rectifying Perspective Views of Text in 3D Scenes Using Vanishing Points. BibRef

Merino-Gracia, C.[Carlos], Lenc, K.[Karel], Mirmehdi, M.[Majid],
A Head-Mounted Device for Recognizing Text in Natural Scenes,
CBDAR11(29-41).
Springer DOI Link 1204
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Wang, K.Q.[Kong-Qiao], Kangas, J.A.[Jari A.],
Character location in scene images from digital camera,
PR(36No. 10, October 2003, pp. 2287-2299.
WWW Version. 0308
See also 1d Bar Code Reading On Camera Phones. BibRef

Wang, K.Q.[Kong-Qiao], Kangas, J.A.[Jari A.], Li, W.W.[Wen-Wen],
Character segmentation of color images from digital camera,
ICDAR01(210-214).
IEEE DOI Link 0109
BibRef

Agnihotri, L.[Lalitha], Dimitrova, N.[Nevenka],
Symbol Classification with shape features applied to neural network,
US_Patent6,731,788, May 4, 2004
WWW Version. BibRef 0405

Ye, Q.X.[Qi-Xiang], Huang, Q.M.[Qing-Ming], Gao, W.[Wen], Zhao, D.B.[De-Bin],
Fast and robust text detection in images and video frames,
IVC(23), No. 6, 1 June 2005, pp. 565-576.
WWW Version. 0505
BibRef

Li, X.J.[Xiao-Jun], Wang, W.Q.A.[Wei-Qi-Ang], Jiang, S.Q.A.[Shu-Qi-Ang], Huang, Q.M.[Qing-Ming], Gao, W.[Wen],
Fast and effective text detection,
ICIP08(969-972).
IEEE DOI Link 0810
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Li, J.[Jia], Tian, Y.H.[Yong-Hong], Huang, T.J.[Tie-Jun], Gao, W.[Wen],
Multi-polarity text segmentation using graph theory,
ICIP08(3008-3011).
IEEE DOI Link 0810
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Ye, Q.X.[Qi-Xiang], Gao, W.[Wen], Huang, Q.M.[Qing-Ming],
Automatic text segmentation from complex background,
ICIP04(V: 2905-2908).
IEEE DOI Link 0505
BibRef

Gllavata, J.[Julinda], Freisleben, B.[Bernd],
Adaptive Fuzzy Text Segmentation in Images with Complex Backgrounds Using Color and Texture,
CAIP05(756).
Springer DOI Link 0509
BibRef

Liu, Y.X.[Yang-Xing], Goto, S.[Satoshi], Ikenaga, T.[Takeshi],
A Contour-Based Robust Algorithm for Text Detection in Color Images,
IEICE(E89-D), No. 3, March 2006, pp. 1221-1230.
DOI Link 0603
BibRef
Earlier:
A robust algorithm for text detection in color images,
ICDAR05(I: 399-403).
IEEE DOI Link 0508
BibRef

di Federico, R.[Riccardo], Carrai, P.[Paola],
Text discrimination method and related apparatus,
US_Patent6,999,621, Feb 14, 2006
WWW Version. BibRef 0602

Mehrotra, S.[Sanjeev],
Text detection in continuous tone image segments,
US_Patent7,085,420, Aug 1, 2006
WWW Version. BibRef 0608

Karatzs, D.[Dimosthenis], Antonacopoulos, A.[Apostolos],
Colour text segmentation in web images based on human perception,
IVC(25), No. 5, 1 May 2007, pp. 564-577.
WWW Version. 0703
BibRef
Earlier:
Text extraction from web images based on a split-and-merge segmentation method using colour perception,
ICPR04(II: 634-637).
IEEE DOI Link 0409
BibRef
Earlier:
Two approaches for text segmentation in web images,
ICDAR03(131-137).
IEEE Abstract. 0311
BibRef
Earlier: A2, A1:
Fuzzy Segmentation of Characters in Web Images Based on Human Colour Perception,
DAS02(295 ff.).
HTML Version. 0303
Web document image analysis; Colour document analysis; Character segmentation; Text segmentation; Colour images BibRef

Lim, J.[Jaeguyn], Park, J.[Jonghyun], Medioni, G.G.[Gerard G.],
Text segmentation in color images using tensor voting,
IVC(25), No. 5, 1 May 2007, pp. 671-685.
WWW Version. 0703
Tensor voting; Text segmentation; Mean shift-based density estimation; Adaptive median filter; Color component analysis BibRef

Park, J.[Jonghyun], Park, S.[Soonyoung],
Detection of Text Region and Segmentation from Natural Scene Images,
ISVC05(666-671).
Springer DOI Link 0512
BibRef

Mancas-Thillou, C.[Celine], Gosselin, B.[Bernard],
Color text extraction with selective metric-based clustering,
CVIU(107), No. 1-2, July-August 2007, pp. 97-107.
WWW Version. 0706
BibRef
Earlier:
Character Segmentation-by-Recognition Using Log-Gabor Filters,
ICPR06(II: 901-904).
IEEE DOI Link 0609
BibRef
Earlier:
Color text extraction from camera-based images: The impact of the choice of the clustering distance,
ICDAR05(I: 312-316).
IEEE DOI Link 0508
BibRef
Earlier:
Color Binarization for Complex Camera-based Images,
SPIE(NNNN), 2005. Electronic Imaging, pp. 301-308.
WWW Version. Clustering; Cosine-based similarity; Diffuse and specular surfaces; Natural scene; Text understanding BibRef

Mancas-Thillou, C.[Céline], Ferreira, S.[Silvio], Demeyer, J.[Jonathan], Minetti, C.[Christophe], Gosselin, B.[Bernard],
A Multifunctional Reading Assistant for the Visually Impaired,
JIVP(2007), 2007, pp. xx-yy.
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Peters, J.P., Thillou, C., Ferreira, S.,
Embedded reading device for blind people: a user-centered design,
AIPR04(217-222).
IEEE DOI Link 0410
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Liu, X.B.[Xia-Bi], Fu, H.[Hui], Jia, Y.D.[Yun-De],
Gaussian mixture modeling and learning of neighboring characters for multilingual text extraction in images,
PR(41), No. 2, February 2008, pp. 484-493.
WWW Version. 0711
Text extraction; Document analysis; Character recognition; Image retrieval; Gaussian mixture models; Discriminative training; EM algorithm BibRef

Fu, H.[Hui], Liu, X.B.[Xia-Bi], Jia, Y.D.[Yun-De], Deng, H.B.[Hong-Bin],
Gaussian Mixture Modeling of Neighbor Characters for Multilingual Text Extraction in Images,
ICIP06(3321-3324).
IEEE DOI Link 0610
BibRef

Ye, Q.X.[Qi-Xiang], Jiao, J.B.[Jian-Bin], Huang, J.[Jun], Yu, H.[Hua],
Text detection and restoration in natural scene images,
JVCIR(18), No. 6, December 2007, pp. 504-513.
WWW Version. 0711
Text detection; Text recognition; Text restoration BibRef

Wang, Z.S.[Zhe-Shen], Xu, X.Y.[Xin-Yu], Li, B.X.[Bao-Xin],
Enabling Seamless Access to Digital Graphical Contents for Visually Impaired Individuals via Semantic-Aware Processing,
JIVP(2007), 2007, pp. xx-yy.
DOI Link 0804
BibRef

Goto, H.[Hideaki],
Redefining the DCT-based feature for scene text detection: Analysis and comparison of spatial frequency-based features,
IJDAR(11), No. 1, October 2008, pp. xx-yy.
Springer DOI Link 0810
BibRef

Tanaka, M., Goto, H.,
Autonomous Text Capturing Robot Using Improved DCT Feature and Text Tracking,
ICDAR07(1178-1182).
IEEE DOI Link 0709
BibRef

Shiratori, H.[Hiroki], Goto, H.[Hideaki], Kobayashi, H.[Hiroaki],
An Efficient Text Capture Method for Moving Robots Using DCT Feature and Text Tracking,
ICPR06(II: 1050-1053).
IEEE DOI Link 0609
BibRef

Saoi, T., Goto, H., Kobayashi, H.,
Text detection in color scene images based on unsupervised clustering of multi-channel wavelet features,
ICDAR05(II: 690-694).
IEEE DOI Link 0508
BibRef

Jung, C.K.[Cheol-Kon], Liu, Q.F.[Qi-Feng], Kim, J.K.[Joong-Kyu],
A stroke filter and its application to text localization,
PRL(30), No. 2, 15 January 2009, pp. 114-122.
Elsevier DOI Link 0804
A stroke filter; Text localization; Text information extraction BibRef

Jung, C.K.[Cheol-Kon], Liu, Q.F.[Qi-Feng], Kim, J.K.[Joong-Kyu],
Accurate text localization in images based on SVM output scores,
IVC(27), No. 9, 3 August 2009, pp. 1295-1301.
Elsevier DOI Link 0906
Text localization; SVM output score; Text line refinement; Classifier fusion BibRef

Baba, Y.[Yoichiro], Hirose, A.[Akira],
Spectral Fluctuation Method: A Texture-Based Method to Extract Text Regions in General Scene Images,
IEICE(E92-D), No. 9, September 2009, pp. 1702-1715.
WWW Version. 0910
BibRef
Earlier:
Proposal of the hybrid spectral gradient method to extract character-text regions from general scene images,
ICIP04(I: 211-214).
IEEE DOI Link 0505
BibRef

Zhang, Y.[Yi], Tan, K.K.[Kok Kiong],
Text extraction from images captured via mobile and digital devices,
IJCVR(1), No. 1, 2009, pp. 34-58.
DOI Link 0911
BibRef

Nguyen, T.D., Park, J., Lee, G.,
Tensor Voting Based Text Localization in Natural Scene Images,
SPLetters(17), No. 7, July 2010, pp. 639-642.
IEEE DOI Link 1006
BibRef

Li, M.[Minhua], Bai, M.[Meng], Wang, C.H.[Chun-Heng], Xiao, B.H.[Bai-Hua],
Conditional random field for text segmentation from images with complex background,
PRL(31), No. 14, 15 October 2010, pp. 2295-2308.
Elsevier DOI Link 1003
Conditional random field (CRF); Text segmentation; Complex background; Local information; Contextual label information BibRef

Pan, Y.F.[Yi-Feng], Hou, X.W.[Xin-Wen], Liu, C.L.[Cheng-Lin],
A Hybrid Approach to Detect and Localize Texts in Natural Scene Images,
IP(20), No. 3, March 2011, pp. 800-813.
IEEE DOI Link 1103
BibRef
Earlier:
Text Localization in Natural Scene Images Based on Conditional Random Field,
ICDAR09(6-10).
IEEE DOI Link 0907
BibRef

Gopalan, C.[Chitrakala], Manjula, D.,
Statistical modeling for the detection, localization and extraction of text from heterogeneous textual images using combined feature scheme,
SIViP(5), No. 2, June 2011, pp. 165-183.
WWW Version. 1101
BibRef

Yi, C.C.[Chu-Cai], Tian, Y.L.[Ying-Li],
Text String Detection From Natural Scenes by Structure-Based Partition and Grouping,
IP(20), No. 9, September 2011, pp. 2594-2605.
IEEE DOI Link 1109
BibRef

Yi, C.C.[Chu-Cai], Tian, Y.L.[Ying-Li],
Localizing Text in Scene Images by Boundary Clustering, Stroke Segmentation, and String Fragment Classification,
IP(21), No. 9, September 2012, pp. 4256-4268.
IEEE DOI Link 1208
BibRef
Earlier:
Text Detection in Natural Scene Images by Stroke Gabor Words,
ICDAR11(177-181).
IEEE DOI Link 1111
BibRef

Yi, C.C.[Chu-Cai], Tian, Y.L.[Ying-Li],
Scene Text Recognition in Mobile Applications by Character Descriptor and Structure Configuration,
IP(23), No. 7, July 2014, pp. 2972-2982.
IEEE DOI Link 1407
Algorithm design and analysis BibRef

Yi, C.C.[Chu-Cai], Yang, X.D.[Xiao-Dong], Tian, Y.L.[Ying-Li],
Feature Representations for Scene Text Character Recognition: A Comparative Study,
ICDAR13(907-911)
IEEE DOI Link 1312
character recognition BibRef

Chen, M., Wu, W., Yang, X., He, X.,
Hidden-Markov-Model-Based Segmentation Confidence Applied to Container Code Character Extraction,
ITS(12), No. 4, December 2011, pp. 1147-1156.
IEEE DOI Link 1112
BibRef

Nirmala, S., Nagabhushan, P.,
Foreground text segmentation in complex color document images using Gabor filters,
SIViP(6), No. 4, November 2012, pp. 669-678.
WWW Version. 1210
BibRef

Minetto, R.[Rodrigo], Thome, N.[Nicolas], Cord, M.[Matthieu], Leite, N.J.[Neucimar J.], Stolfi, J.[Jorge],
T-HOG: An effective gradient-based descriptor for single line text regions,
PR(46), No. 3, March 2013, pp. 1078-1090.
Elsevier DOI Link 1212
Text detection; Text classification; Histogram of oriented gradients for text; Text descriptor BibRef

Shi, C.Z.[Cun-Zhao], Wang, C.H.[Chun-Heng], Xiao, B.H.[Bai-Hua], Zhang, Y.[Yang], Gao, S.[Song],
Scene text detection using graph model built upon maximally stable extremal regions,
PRL(34), No. 2, 15 January 2013, pp. 107-116.
Elsevier DOI Link 1212
Scene text detection; MSER; Graph model; Cost function; Graph cut BibRef

Yi, C.[Chucai], Tian, Y.[Yingli],
Text extraction from scene images by character appearance and structure modeling,
CVIU(117), No. 2, February 2013, pp. 182-194.
Elsevier DOI Link 1301
BibRef
Earlier:
Assistive Text Reading from Complex Background for Blind Persons,
CBDAR11(15-28).
Springer DOI Link 1204
Text detection; Scene image; Character appearance; Structure modeling; Structure difference; Structure component co-occurrence; Character identification BibRef

González, Á.[Álvaro], Bergasa, L.M.[Luis Miguel],
A text reading algorithm for natural images,
IVC(31), No. 3, March 2013, pp. 255-274.
Elsevier DOI Link 1303
Text detection; Text recognition; Character recognition; Character segmentation; Natural images; Scene text detection BibRef

Gonzalez, A.[Alvaro], Bergasa, L.M.[Luis M.], Yebes, J.J.[J. Javier], Bronte, S.[Sebastian],
A character recognition method in natural scene images,
ICPR12(621-624).
WWW Version. 1302
BibRef

Yang, S.B.[Shiueng-Bien], Wu, C.F.[Chi-Feng],
Locating Text in Images Based on the Smooth Gray-Level Detection,
IJIG(12), No. 4, October 2012, pp. 1250027.
DOI Link 1305
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Moradi, M., Mozaffari, S.,
Hybrid approach for Farsi/Arabic text detection and localisation in video frames,
IET-PR(7), No. 2, 2013, pp. -.
DOI Link 1307
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Koo, H.I.[Hyung Il], Kim, D.H.[Duck Hoon],
Scene Text Detection via Connected Component Clustering and Nontext Filtering,
IP(22), No. 6, 2013, pp. 2296-2305.
IEEE DOI Link 1307
multilayer perceptrons; text detection BibRef

Kasar, T.[Thotreingam], Ramakrishnan, A.G.[Angarai G.],
Alignment of Curved Text Strings for Enhanced OCR Readability,
IJCVSP(3), No. 1, 2013, pp. xx-yy.
WWW Version. 1307
BibRef
And:
Multi-script and Multi-oriented Text Localization from Scene Images,
CBDAR11(1-14).
Springer DOI Link 1204
BibRef

Mosleh, A.[Ali], Bouguila, N.[Nizar], Ben Hamza, A.,
Automatic Inpainting Scheme for Video Text Detection and Removal,
IP(22), No. 11, 2013, pp. 4460-4472.
IEEE DOI Link 1310
BibRef
Earlier:
Image Text Detection Using a Bandlet-Based Edge Detector and Stroke Width Transform,
BMVC12(63).
DOI Link 1301
edge detection See also Video Completion Using Bandlet Transform. BibRef

Merino-Gracia, C.[Carlos], Mirmehdi, M.[Majid], Sigut, J.[José], González-Mora, J.L.[José L.],
Fast perspective recovery of text in natural scenes,
IVC(31), No. 10, 2013, pp. 714-724.
Elsevier DOI Link 1310
Scene text extraction BibRef

Lee, S.[Seong_Hun], Kim, J.H.[Jin Hyung],
Integrating multiple character proposals for robust scene text extraction,
IVC(31), No. 11, 2013, pp. 823 - 840.
Elsevier DOI Link 1311
Scene text extraction BibRef

Cho, M.S.[Min Su], Seok, J.H.[Jae-Hyun], Lee, S.H.[Seong-Hun], Kim, J.H.[Jin Hyung],
Scene Text Extraction by Superpixel CRFs Combining Multiple Character Features,
ICDAR11(1034-1038).
IEEE DOI Link 1111
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Lee, S.H.[Seong-Hun], Cho, M.S.[Min Su], Jung, K.[Kyomin], Kim, J.H.[Jin Hyung],
Scene Text Extraction with Edge Constraint and Text Collinearity,
ICPR10(3983-3986).
IEEE DOI Link 1008
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Wei, X.Y.[Xiao-Yong], Yang, Z.Q.[Zhen-Qun], Ngo, C.W.[Chong-Wah], Zhang, W.[Wei],
Visual Typo Correction by Collocative Optimization: A Case Study on Merchandize Images,
IP(23), No. 2, February 2014, pp. 527-540.
IEEE DOI Link 1402
Web sites BibRef

Elagouni, K.[Khaoula], Garcia, C.[Christophe], Mamalet, F.[Franck], Sebillot, P.[Pascale],
Text recognition in multimedia documents: A study of two neural-based OCRs using and avoiding character segmentation,
IJDAR(17), No. 1, March 2014, pp. 19-31.
Springer DOI Link 1403
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Li, Y.[Yao], Jia, W.J.[Wen-Jing], Shen, C.H.[Chun-Hua], van den Hengel, A.[Anton],
Characterness: An Indicator of Text in the Wild,
IP(23), No. 4, April 2014, pp. 1666-1677.
IEEE DOI Link 1404
BibRef
Earlier: A1, A3, A2, A4:
Leveraging surrounding context for scene text detection,
ICIP13(2264-2268)
IEEE DOI Link 1402
Surrounding context; energy minimization; scene text detection Bayes methods. BibRef

Yin, X.[Xuwang], Yin, X.C.[Xu-Cheng], Huang, K., Hao, H.W.[Hong-Wei],
Robust Text Detection in Natural Scene Images,
PAMI(36), No. 5, May 2014, pp. 970-983.
IEEE DOI Link 1405
Algorithm design and analysis BibRef

Yin, X.[Xuwang], Yin, X.C.[Xu-Cheng], Hao, H.W.[Hong-Wei], Iqbal, K.[Khalid],
Effective text localization in natural scene images with MSER, geometry-based grouping and AdaBoost,
ICPR12(725-728).
WWW Version. 1302
BibRef

Shi, C.Z.[Cun-Zhao], Wang, C.H.[Chun-Heng], Xiao, B.H.[Bai-Hua], Gao, S.[Song], Hu, J.L.[Jin-Long],
End-to-end scene text recognition using tree-structured models,
PR(47), No. 9, 2014, pp. 2853-2866.
Elsevier DOI Link 1406
End-to-end BibRef

Gao, S.[Song], Wang, C.H.[Chun-Heng], Xiao, B.H.[Bai-Hua], Shi, C.Z.[Cun-Zhao], Zhou, W.[Wen], Zhang, Z.[Zhong],
Scene Text Character Recognition Using Spatiality Embedded Dictionary,
IEICE(E97-D), No. 7, July 2014, pp. 1942-1946.
WWW Version. 1407
BibRef

Gao, S.[Song], Wang, C.H.[Chun-Heng], Xiao, B.H.[Bai-Hua], Shi, C.Z.[Cun-Zhao], Zhou, W.[Wen], Zhang, Z.[Zhong],
Learning Co-occurrence of Local Spatial Strokes for Robust Character Recognition,
IEICE(E97-D), No. 7, July 2014, pp. 1937-1941.
WWW Version. 1407
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Shi, C.Z.[Cun-Zhao], Wang, C.H.[Chun-Heng], Xiao, B.H.[Bai-Hua], Gao, S.[Song], Hu, J.,
Scene Text Recognition Using Structure-Guided Character Detection and Linguistic Knowledge,
CirSysVideo(24), No. 7, July 2014, pp. 1235-1250.
IEEE DOI Link 1407
Character recognition BibRef

Shi, C.Z.[Cun-Zhao], Wang, C.H.[Chun-Heng], Xiao, B.H.[Bai-Hua], Zhang, Y.[Yang], Gao, S.[Song], Zhang, Z.[Zhong],
Scene Text Recognition Using Part-Based Tree-Structured Character Detection,
CVPR13(2961-2968)
IEEE DOI Link 1309
BibRef

Kumar, D.[Deepak], Ramakrishnan, A.G.,
Methods for text segmentation from scene images,
ELCVIA(13), No. 2, 2014, pp. xx-yy.
WWW Version. 1407
Ph.D.. Thesis. BibRef

Ikica, A.[Andrej],
SWT voting-based color reduction method for detecting text in natural scene images,
ELCVIA(13), No. 2, 2014, pp. xx-yy.
WWW Version. 1407
Ph.D.. Thesis. BibRef

Zhang, J.[Jing], Kasturi, R.[Rangachar],
A Novel Text Detection System Based on Character and Link Energies,
IP(23), No. 9, September 2014, pp. 4187-4198.
IEEE DOI Link 1410
BibRef
Earlier:
Sign Detection Based Text Localization in Mobile Device Captured Scene Images,
CBDAR13(71-82).
Springer DOI Link 1404
BibRef
Earlier:
Text Detection Using Edge Gradient and Graph Spectrum,
ICPR10(3979-3982).
IEEE DOI Link 1008
BibRef
And:
Character Energy and Link Energy-Based Text Extraction in Scene Images,
ACCV10(II: 308-320).
Springer DOI Link 1011
character recognition BibRef


Huang, W.L.[Wei-Lin], Qiao, Y.[Yu], Tang, X.[Xiaoou],
Robust Scene Text Detection with Convolution Neural Network Induced MSER Trees,
ECCV14(IV: 497-511).
Springer DOI Link 1408
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Jaderberg, M.[Max], Vedaldi, A.[Andrea], Zisserman, A.[Andrew],
Deep Features for Text Spotting,
ECCV14(IV: 512-528).
Springer DOI Link 1408
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Gong, Y.[Yunchao], Wang, L.[Liwei], Hodosh, M.[Micah], Hockenmaier, J.[Julia], Lazebnik, S.[Svetlana],
Improving Image-Sentence Embeddings Using Large Weakly Annotated Photo Collections,
ECCV14(IV: 529-545).
Springer DOI Link 1408
BibRef

Chiba, N.,
Text Image Classifier Using Image-Wise Annotation,
ACPR13(877-881)
IEEE DOI Link 1408
document image processing BibRef

Liu, X.H.[Xin-Hao], Chiba, N.,
Transparent Text Detection and Background Recovery,
ACPR13(642-646)
IEEE DOI Link 1408
edge detection BibRef

Angadi, S.A., Kodabagi, M.M.,
A Robust Segmentation Technique for Line, Word and Character Extraction from Kannada Text in Low Resolution Display Board Images,
IJIG(14), No. 1-2, 2014, pp. 1450003.
DOI Link 1406
BibRef

Wang, H.C.[Hsueh-Cheng], Landa, Y.[Yafim], Fallon, M.[Maurice], Teller, S.[Seth],
Spatially Prioritized and Persistent Text Detection and Decoding,
CBDAR13(3-17).
Springer DOI Link 1404
BibRef

Ye, Q.X.[Qi-Xiang], Doermann, D.[David],
Scene Text Detection via Integrated Discrimination of Component Appearance and Consensus,
CBDAR13(47-59).
Springer DOI Link 1404
BibRef

Huang, W.L.[Wei-Lin], Lin, Z.[Zhe], Yang, J.C.[Jian-Chao], Wang, J.[Jue],
Text Localization in Natural Images Using Stroke Feature Transform and Text Covariance Descriptors,
ICCV13(1241-1248)
IEEE DOI Link 1403
Low-level filter BibRef

Karthikeyan, S., Jagadeesh, V.[Vignesh], Shenoy, R.[Renuka], Ecksteinz, M.[Miguel], Manjunath, B.S.,
From Where and How to What We See,
ICCV13(625-632)
IEEE DOI Link 1403
Really more general than text detection. Dog and Cat Detection; Eye Tracking; Text Detection BibRef

Karthikeyan, S., Jagadeesh, V.[Vignesh], Manjunath, B.S.,
Learning bottom-up text attention maps for text detection using stroke width transform,
ICIP13(3312-3316)
IEEE DOI Link 1402
Stroke Width Transform BibRef

Wang, L.[Liuan], Katsuyama, Y.[Yutaka], Fan, W.[Wei], He, Y.[Yuan], Sun, J.[Jun], Hotta, Y.[Yoshinobu],
Text detection in natural scene images with user-intention,
ICIP13(2256-2259)
IEEE DOI Link 1402
double edge symmetry BibRef

Li, L.[Liang], Panichkriangkrai, C., Hachimura, K.,
Ukiyo-e Rakkan Retrieval System,
ICDAR13(150-154)
IEEE DOI Link 1312
Rakkan: signature of the artist for a completed painting. BibRef

Roy, A., Parui, S.K., Roy, U.,
A Pair-Copula Based Scheme for Text Extraction from Digital Images,
ICDAR13(892-896)
IEEE DOI Link 1312
feature extraction BibRef

Raza, A., Siddiqi, I., Djeddi, C., Ennaji, A.,
Multilingual Artificial Text Detection Using a Cascade of Transforms,
ICDAR13(309-313)
IEEE DOI Link 1312
feature extraction BibRef

Feild, J.L., Learned-Miller, E.G., Smith, D.A.,
Using a Probabilistic Syllable Model to Improve Scene Text Recognition,
ICDAR13(897-901)
IEEE DOI Link 1312
context-free grammars BibRef

Zhou, Y.[Yahan], Feild, J.L., Learned-Miller, E.G., Wang, R.[Rui],
Scene Text Segmentation via Inverse Rendering,
ICDAR13(457-461)
IEEE DOI Link 1312
image colour analysis BibRef

Huang, R.[Rong], Shivakumara, P., Uchida, S.,
Scene Character Detection by an Edge-Ray Filter,
ICDAR13(462-466)
IEEE DOI Link 1312
edge detection BibRef

Gomez, L., Karatzas, D.,
Multi-script Text Extraction from Natural Scenes,
ICDAR13(467-471)
IEEE DOI Link 1312
character recognition BibRef

Terada, Y., Huang, R.[Rong], Feng, Y.[Yaokai], Uchida, S.,
On the Possibility of Structure Learning-Based Scene Character Detector,
ICDAR13(472-476)
IEEE DOI Link 1312
character recognition BibRef

Gao, S.[Song], Wang, C.H.[Chun-Heng], Xiao, B.H.[Bai-Hua], Shi, C.Z.[Cun-Zhao], Zhang, Y.[Yang], Lv, Z.J.[Zhi-Jian], Shi, Y.Q.[Yan-Qin],
Adaptive Scene Text Detection Based on Transferring Adaboost,
ICDAR13(388-392)
IEEE DOI Link 1312
image classification BibRef

Sun, L.[Lei], Huo, Q.[Qiang],
An Improved Component Tree Based Approach to User-Intention Guided Text Extraction from Natural Scene Images,
ICDAR13(383-387)
IEEE DOI Link 1312
geometry BibRef

Tian, S.X.[Shang-Xuan], Shivakumara, P., Phan, T.Q.[Trung Quy], Tan, C.L.[Chew Lim],
Scene Character Reconstruction through Medial Axis,
ICDAR13(1360-1364)
IEEE DOI Link 1312
character recognition BibRef

Zagoris, K., Pratikakis, I.,
Text Detection in Natural Images Using Bio-inspired Models,
ICDAR13(1370-1374)
IEEE DOI Link 1312
text detection BibRef

Bai, B.[Bo], Yin, F.[Fei], Liu, C.L.[Cheng Lin],
Scene Text Localization Using Gradient Local Correlation,
ICDAR13(1380-1384)
IEEE DOI Link 1312
image classification BibRef

Meng, Q.[Quan], Song, Y.H.[Yong-Hong], Zhang, Y.L.[Yuan-Lin], Liu, Y.[Yang],
Text detection in natural scene with edge analysis,
ICIP13(4151-4155)
IEEE DOI Link 1402
Text detection;edge analysis;edge combination BibRef

Wang, X.B.[Xiao-Bing], Song, Y.H.[Yong-Hong], Zhang, Y.L.[Yuan-Lin],
Natural Scene Text Detection with Multi-channel Connected Component Segmentation,
ICDAR13(1375-1379)
IEEE DOI Link 1312
Markov processes BibRef

Fidler, S.[Sanja], Sharma, A.[Abhishek], Urtasun, R.[Raquel],
A Sentence Is Worth a Thousand Pixels,
CVPR13(1995-2002)
IEEE DOI Link 1309
Holistic scene models; Images and text; Scene understanding BibRef

Clavelli, A.[Antonio], Karatzas, D.[Dimosthenis], Lladós, J.[Josep], Ferraro, M.[Mario],
Towards Modelling an Attention-Based Text Localization Process,
IbPRIA13(296-303).
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Liu, X.Q.[Xiao-Qian], Lu, K.[Ke], Wang, W.Q.[Wei-Qiang],
Effectively localize text in natural scene images,
ICPR12(1197-1200).
WWW Version. 1302
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Sun, L.[Lei], Huo, Q.A.[Qi-Ang],
A component-tree based method for user-intention guided text extraction,
ICPR12(633-636).
WWW Version. 1302
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Gonzalez, A.[Alvaro], Bergasa, L.M.[Luis M.], Yebes, J.J.[J. Javier], Bronte, S.[Sebastian],
Text location in complex images,
ICPR12(617-620).
WWW Version. 1302
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Phan, T.Q.[Trung Quy], Shivakumara, P.[Palaiahnakote], Tan, C.L.[Chew Lim],
Text detection in natural scenes using Gradient Vector Flow-Guided symmetry,
ICPR12(3296-3299).
WWW Version. 1302
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Zhang, Y.[Yong], Lai, J.H.[Jian-Huang],
Arbitrarily oriented text detection using geodesic distances between corners and skeletons,
ICPR12(1896-1899).
WWW Version. 1302
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Felhi, M.[Mehdi], Bonnier, N.[Nicolas], Tabbone, S.A.[Salvatore A.],
A skeleton based descriptor for detecting text in real scene images,
ICPR12(282-285).
WWW Version. 1302
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Banerjee, S.[Sudipto], Mullick, K.[Koustav], Bhattacharya, U.[Ujjwal],
A Robust Approach to Extraction of Texts from Camera Captured Images,
CBDAR13(30-46).
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Chowdhury, A.R.[Aruni Roy], Bhattacharya, U.[Ujjwal], Parui, S.K.[Swapan K.],
Scene text detection using sparse stroke information and MLP,
ICPR12(294-297).
WWW Version. 1302
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Su, B.[Bolan], Lu, S.[Shijian], Phan, T.Q.[Trung Quy], Tan, C.L.[Chew Lim],
Character extraction in web image for text recognition,
ICPR12(3042-3045).
WWW Version. 1302
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Li, Y.[Yao], Lu, H.C.[Hu-Chuan],
Scene text detection via stroke width,
ICPR12(681-684).
WWW Version. 1302
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Zhou, G.[Gang], Liu, Y.[Yuehu], Tian, Z.Q.[Zhi-Qiang],
Scene text detection with superpixels and hierarchical model,
ICIP12(1001-1004).
IEEE DOI Link 1302
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Du, Y.N.[Yu-Ning], Duan, G.Q.[Gen-Quan], Ai, H.Z.[Hai-Zhou],
Context-based text detection in natural scenes,
ICIP12(1857-1860).
IEEE DOI Link 1302
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Saabni, R.[Raid], Zwilling, M.[Moti],
Text Detection and Recognition in Real World Images,
FHR12(443-448).
IEEE DOI Link 1302
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Zhang, Y.[Yang], Wang, C.H.[Chun-Heng], Xiao, B.H.[Bai-Hua], Shi, C.Z.[Cun-Zhao],
A New Text Extraction Method Incorporating Local Information,
FHR12(252-255).
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Kumar, G.[Gaurav], Shi, Z.[Zhixin], Setlur, S.[Srirangaraj], Govindaraju, V.[Venu], Ramachandrula, S.[Sitaram],
Keyword Spotting Framework Using Dynamic Background Model,
FHR12(582-587).
IEEE DOI Link 1302
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Ben-Ami, I.[Idan], Basha, T.[Tali], Avidan, S.[Shai],
Racing Bib Numbers Recognition,
BMVC12(19).
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Yang, C.L.[Chun-Lei], Wong, P.C.[Pak Chung], Ribarsky, W.[William], Fan, J.P.[Jian-Ping],
Efficient graffiti image retrieval,
ICMR12(36).
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graffiti character recognition and retrieval BibRef

Sheshadri, K.[Karthik], Divvala, S.K.[Santosh K.],
Exemplar Driven Character Recognition in the Wild,
BMVC12(13).
DOI Link 1301
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Mishra, A.[Anand], Alahari, K.[Karteek], Jawahar, C.V.,
Scene Text Recognition using Higher Order Language Priors,
BMVC12(127).
DOI Link 1301
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Earlier:
Top-down and bottom-up cues for scene text recognition,
CVPR12(2687-2694).
IEEE DOI Link 1208
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Novikova, T.[Tatiana], Barinova, O.[Olga], Kohli, P.[Pushmeet], Lempitsky, V.[Victor],
Large-Lexicon Attribute-Consistent Text Recognition in Natural Images,
ECCV12(VI: 752-765).
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Karaoglu, S.[Sezer], van Gemert, J.C.[Jan C.], Gevers, T.[Theo],
Object Reading: Text Recognition for Object Recognition,
Concept12(III: 456-465).
Springer DOI Link 1210
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Yao, C.[Cong], Bai, X.[Xiang], Liu, W.Y.[Wen-Yu], Ma, Y.[Yi], Tu, Z.W.[Zhuo-Wen],
Detecting texts of arbitrary orientations in natural images,
CVPR12(1083-1090).
IEEE DOI Link 1208
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Neumann, L.[Lukas], Matas, J.[Jiri],
Real-time scene text localization and recognition,
CVPR12(3538-3545).
IEEE DOI Link 1208
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Zhou, G.[Gang], Liu, Y.H.[Yue-Hu], Tian, Z.Q.[Zhi-Qiang], Su, Y.Q.[Yuan-Qi],
A new hybrid method to detect text in natural scene,
ICIP11(2605-2608).
IEEE DOI Link 1201
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Tsai, S.S.[Sam S.], Chen, H.Z.[Hui-Zhong], Chen, D.[David], Schroth, G.[Georg], Grzeszczuk, R.[Radek], Girod, B.[Bernd],
Mobile visual search on printed documents using text and low bit-rate features,
ICIP11(2601-2604).
IEEE DOI Link 1201
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Chen, H.Z.[Hui-Zhong], Tsai, S.S.[Sam S.], Schroth, G.[Georg], Chen, D.M.[David M.], Grzeszczuk, R.[Radek], Girod, B.[Bernd],
Robust text detection in natural images with edge-enhanced Maximally Stable Extremal Regions,
ICIP11(2609-2612).
IEEE DOI Link 1201
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Rais, M.[Martin], Goussies, N.A.[Norberto A.], Mejail, M.[Marta],
Using Adaptive Run Length Smoothing Algorithm for Accurate Text Localization in Images,
CIARP11(149-156).
Springer DOI Link 1111
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Du, J.[Jun], Huo, Q.A.[Qi-Ang], Sun, L.[Lei], Sun, J.[Jian],
Snap and Translate Using Windows Phone,
ICDAR11(809-813).
IEEE DOI Link 1111
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Du, Y.[Yuning], Ai, H.Z.[Hai-Zhou], Lao, S.H.[Shi-Hong],
Dot Text Detection Based on FAST Points,
ICDAR11(435-439).
IEEE DOI Link 1111
Not strokes, but dots. BibRef

Gleichman, S.[Sivan], Ophir, B.[Boaz], Geva, A.[Amir], Marder, M.[Mattias], Barkan, E.[Ella], Packer, E.[Eli],
Detection and Segmentation of Antialiased Text in Screen Images,
ICDAR11(424-428).
IEEE DOI Link 1111
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Wang, T.[Tao], Wu, D.J.[David J.], Coates, A.[Adam], Ng, A.Y.[Andrew Y.],
End-to-end text recognition with convolutional neural networks,
ICPR12(3304-3308).
WWW Version. 1302
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Coates, A.[Adam], Carpenter, B.[Blake], Case, C.[Carl], Satheesh, S.[Sanjeev], Suresh, B.[Bipin], Wang, T.[Tao], Wu, D.J.[David J.], Ng, A.Y.[Andrew Y.],
Text Detection and Character Recognition in Scene Images with Unsupervised Feature Learning,
ICDAR11(440-445).
IEEE DOI Link 1111
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Pan, Y.F.[Yi-Feng], Zhu, Y.[Yuanping], Sun, J.[Jun], Naoi, S.[Satoshi],
Improving Scene Text Detection by Scale-Adaptive Segmentation and Weighted CRF Verification,
ICDAR11(759-763).
IEEE DOI Link 1111
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Uchida, S.[Seiichi], Shigeyoshi, Y.[Yuki], Kunishige, Y.[Yasuhiro], Yaokai, F.[Feng],
A Keypoint-Based Approach toward Scenery Character Detection,
ICDAR11(819-823).
IEEE DOI Link 1111
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Kunishige, Y.[Yasuhiro], Yaokai, F.[Feng], Uchida, S.[Seiichi],
Scenery Character Detection with Environmental Context,
ICDAR11(1049-1053).
IEEE DOI Link 1111
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Yamazoe, T.[Takafumi], Etoh, M.[Minoru], Yoshimura, T.[Takeshi], Tsujino, K.[Kousuke],
Hypothesis Preservation Approach to Scene Text Recognition with Weighted Finite-State Transducer,
ICDAR11(359-363).
IEEE DOI Link 1111
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Lee, J.J.[Jung-Jin], Lee, P.H.[Pyoung-Hean], Lee, S.W.[Seong-Whan], Yuille, A.L.[Alan L.], Koch, C.[Christof],
AdaBoost for Text Detection in Natural Scene,
ICDAR11(429-434).
IEEE DOI Link 1111
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Liu, J.[Jie], Li, H.P.[He-Ping], Zhang, S.[Shuwu], Liang, W.[Wei],
A Novel Italic Detection and Rectification Method for Chinese Advertising Images,
ICDAR11(698-702).
IEEE DOI Link 1111
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Zhang, H.W.[Hong-Wei], Liu, C.S.[Chang-Song], Yang, C.[Cheng], Ding, X.Q.[Xiao-Qing], Wang, K.Q.[Kong-Qiao],
An Improved Scene Text Extraction Method Using Conditional Random Field and Optical Character Recognition,
ICDAR11(708-712).
IEEE DOI Link 1111
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Iwamura, M.[Masakazu], Kobayashi, T.[Takuya], Matsuda, T., Kise, K.[Koichi],
Recognition of Layout-Free Characters on Complex Background,
ACPR13(740-741)
IEEE DOI Link 1408
character recognition BibRef

Iwamura, M.[Masakazu], Kobayashi, T.[Takuya], Kise, K.[Koichi],
Recognition of Multiple Characters in a Scene Image Using Arrangement of Local Features,
ICDAR11(1409-1413).
IEEE DOI Link 1111
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Situ, L.[Liangji], Liu, R.[Ruizhe], Tan, C.L.[Chew Lim],
Text Localization in Web Images Using Probabilistic Candidate Selection Model,
ICDAR11(1359-1363).
IEEE DOI Link 1111
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Gao, R.[Renwu], Shafait, F.[Faisal], Uchida, S.[Seiichi], Feng, Y.[Yaokai],
A Hierarchical Visual Saliency Model for Character Detection in Natural Scenes,
CBDAR13(18-29).
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Shahab, A.[Asif], Shafait, F.[Faisal], Dengel, A.R.[Andreas R.],
Bayesian Approach to Photo Time-Stamp Recognition,
ICDAR11(1039-1043).
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Karatzas, D., Shafait, F., Uchida, S., Iwamura, M., Gomez i Bigorda, L., Robles Mestre, S., Mas, J., Fernandez Mota, D., Almazan Almazan, J., de las Heras, L.P.,
ICDAR 2013 Robust Reading Competition,
ICDAR13(1484-1493)
IEEE DOI Link 1312
feature extraction BibRef

Shahab, A.[Asif], Shafait, F.[Faisal], Dengel, A.R.[Andreas R.],
ICDAR 2011 Robust Reading Competition Challenge 2: Reading Text in Scene Images,
ICDAR11(1491-1496).
IEEE DOI Link 1111
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Jaber, T., Amira, A., Milligan, P.,
Textual noise analysis and removal for effective search engines,
EUVIP10(129-133).
IEEE DOI Link 1110
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Lin, C.Y.[Chyi-Yeu], Hsueh, C.L.[Chia-Lun],
Recognition technique for character cube stacking robot,
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Guida, C.[Claudio], Comanducci, D.[Dario], Colombo, C.[Carlo],
Automatic Bus Line Number Localization and Recognition on Mobile Phones: A Computer Vision Aid for the Visually Impaired,
CIAP11(II: 323-332).
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Makridis, M.[Michael], Mitrakis, N.E.[Nikolaos E.], Nikolaou, N.[Nikolaos], Papamarkos, N.[Nikolaos],
Text Extraction Using Component Analysis and Neuro-fuzzy Classification on Complex Backgrounds,
SCIA11(742-751).
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Trémeau, A.[Alain], Godau, C.[Christoph], Karaoglu, S.[Sezer], Muselet, D.[Damien],
Detecting Text in Natural Scenes Based on a Reduction of Photometric Effects: Problem of Color Invariance,
CCIW11(214-229).
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Zheng, Q.[Qi], Chen, K.[Kai], Zhou, Y.[Yi], Gu, C.C.[Cong-Cong], Guan, H.B.[Hai-Bing],
Text Localization and Recognition in Complex Scenes Using Local Features,
ACCV10(III: 121-132).
Springer DOI Link 1011
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Petter, M.[Marc], Fragoso, V.[Victor], Turk, M.[Matthew], Baur, C.[Charles],
Automatic text detection for mobile augmented reality translation,
IWMV11(48-55).
IEEE DOI Link 1201
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Fragoso, V.[Victor], Gauglitz, S.[Steffen], Zamora, S.[Shane], Kleban, J.[Jim], Turk, M.A.[Matthew A.],
TranslatAR: A mobile augmented reality translator,
WACV11(497-502).
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Tap on word, get translation. Insert it correctly into the image. BibRef

Sanketi, P.[Pannag], Shen, H.Y.[Hui-Ying], Coughlan, J.M.[James M.],
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WACV11(503-510).
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Tekin, E.[Ender], Coughlan, J.M.[James M.], Shen, H.Y.[Hui-Ying],
Real-time detection and reading of LED/LCD displays for visually impaired persons,
WACV11(491-496).
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Trémeau, A.[Alain], Fernando, B.[Basura], Karaoglu, S.[Sezer], Muselet, D.[Damien],
Detecting Text in Natural Scenes Based on a Reduction of Photometric Effects: Problem of Text Detection,
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Fernando, B.[Basura], Fromont, E., Muselet, D.[Damien], Sebban, M.,
Accurate visual word construction using a supervised approach,
IVCNZ10(1-7).
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Karaoglu, S.[Sezer], Fernando, B.[Basura], Tremeau, A.[Alain],
A Novel Algorithm for Text Detection and Localization in Natural Scene Images,
DICTA10(635-642).
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Pan, Y.F.[Yi-Feng], Liu, C.L.[Cheng-Lin], Hou, X.W.[Xin-Wen],
Fast scene text localization by learning-based filtering and verification,
ICIP10(2269-2272).
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Mavaddat, N.[Navid], Kim, T.K.[Tae-Kyun], Cipolla, R.[Roberto],
Design and Evaluation of Features That Best Define Text in Complex Scene Images,
MVA09(94-).
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Sun, Q.Y.[Qiao-Yu], Lu, Y.[Yue], Sun, S.L.[Shi-Liang],
A Visual Attention Based Approach to Text Extraction,
ICPR10(3991-3995).
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Jung, I.[Insook], Oh, I.S.[Il-Seok],
Local Binary Pattern-Based Features for Text Identification of Web Images,
ICPR10(4320-4323).
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Anthimopoulos, M.[Marios], Vlissidis, N.[Nikolaos], Gatos, B.[Basilis],
A Pixel-Based Evaluation Method for Text Detection in Color Images,
ICPR10(3264-3267).
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Wang, K.[Kai], Babenko, B.[Boris], Belongie, S.J.[Serge J.],
End-to-end scene text recognition,
ICCV11(1457-1464).
IEEE DOI Link 1201
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Wang, K.[Kai], Belongie, S.J.[Serge J.],
Word Spotting in the Wild,
ECCV10(I: 591-604).
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Epshtein, B.[Boris], Ofek, E.[Eyal], Wexler, Y.[Yonatan],
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CVPR10(2963-2970).
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Anoual, H.[Hinde], El Fkihi, S.[Sanaa], Jilbab, A.[Abdelilah], Aboutajdine, D.[Driss],
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Choi, S.H.[Sung-Hoo], Yun, J.P.[Jong Pil], Sim, S.B.[Seung-Bo], Kim, S.W.[Sang Woo],
Edge-based text localization and character segmentation algorithms for automatic slab information recognition,
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WACV09(1-5).
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Halidan, A., Maitimusha, K., Yan, Z.[Zhou],
Uygur Words Localization in Single Frame Image of Complex Background,
CISP09(1-5).
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O'Grady, R., Cohen, C.J., Beach, G., Moody, G.,
NaviGaze: enabling access to digital media for the profoundly disabled,
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Clavelli, A.[Antonio], Karatzas, D.[Dimosthenis],
Text Segmentation in Colour Posters from the Spanish Civil War Era,
ICDAR09(181-185).
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Combining Spectral and Spatial Features for Robust Foreground-Background Separation,
ICPR10(1969-1972).
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Earlier:
Spatial and Spectral Based Segmentation of Text in Multispectral Images of Ancient Documents,
ICDAR09(813-817).
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Earlier:
Texture and Profile Features for Drawing Media Recognition in Underdrawings,
ICPR06(II: 308-311).
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Chowdhury, S.P.[Shyama Prosad], Dhar, S.[Soumyadeep], Das, A.K.[Amit Kumar], Chanda, B.[Bhabatosh], McMenemy, K.[Karen],
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A Classification Architecture Based on Connected Components for Text Detection in Unconstrained Environments,
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Hanif, S.M.[Shehzad Muhammad], Prevost, L.[Lionel],
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ICDAR09(1-5).
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ICDAR09(1270-1274).
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Fabrizio, J., Marcotegui, B., Cord, M.,
Text segmentation in natural scenes using Toggle-Mapping,
ICIP09(2373-2376).
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Pégeot, F.[Faustin], Goto, H.[Hideaki],
Scene Text Detection and Tracking for a Camera-Equipped Wearable Reading Assistant for the Blind,
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Goto, H.[Hideaki], Tanaka, M.[Makoto],
Text-Tracking Wearable Camera System for the Blind,
ICDAR09(141-145).
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Earlier: A2, A1:
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ICPR08(1-4).
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Zhou, H.N.[Han-Ning], Liu, Z.Y.[Zong-Yi],
Page frame segmentation for contextual advertising in print on demand books,
InterNet09(17-22).
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Robust outdoor text detection using text intensity and shape features,
ICPR08(1-4).
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Hanif, S.M.[Shehzad Muhammad], Prevost, L.[Lionel], Negri, P.A.[Pablo Augusto],
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ICIP08(3196-3199).
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Bernard, J.B.[Jean-Baptiste], Tlapale, E.[Emilien], Faure, G.[Geraldine], Castet, E.[Eric], Kornprobst, P.[Pierre],
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di Stefano, L.[Luigi], Tombari, F.[Federico], Lanza, A.[Alessandro], Mattoccia, S.[Stefano], Monti, S.[Stefano],
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See also Method for Scribe Distinction in Medieval Manuscripts Using Page Layout Features, A. BibRef

Tombari, F.[Federico], di Stefano, L.[Luigi], Mattoccia, S.[Stefano], Zanetti, A.[Andrea],
Graffiti Detection Using a Time-Of-Flight Camera,
ACIVS08(xx-yy).
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Xu, P.F.[Peng-Fei], Ji, R.R.[Rong-Rong], Yao, H.X.[Hong-Xun], Sun, X.S.[Xiao-Shuai], Liu, T.Q.A.[Tian-Qi-Ang], Liu, X.M.[Xian-Ming],
Text Particles Multi-band Fusion for Robust Text Detection,
ICIAR08(xx-yy).
Springer DOI Link 0806
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Einsele, F.[Farshideh], Ingold, R.[Rolf], Hennebert, J.[Jean],
A HMM-Based Approach to Recognize Ultra Low Resolution Anti-Aliased Words,
PReMI07(511-518).
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Low resolution text, e.g. web images. BibRef

Kandan, R., Reddy, N.K.[Nirup Kumar], Arvind, K.R., Ramakrishnan, A.G.,
A Robust Two Level Classification Algorithm for Text Localization in Documents,
ISVC07(II: 96-105).
Springer DOI Link 0711
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Beaufort, R., Mancas-Thillou, C.,
A Weighted Finite-State Framework for Correcting Errors in Natural Scene OCR,
ICDAR07(889-893).
IEEE DOI Link 0709
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Ma, Y., Wang, C., Xiao, B., Dai, R.,
Usage-Oriented Performance Evaluation for Text Localization Algorithms,
ICDAR07(1033-1037).
IEEE DOI Link 0709
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Subramanian, K., Natarajan, P., Decerbo, M., Castanon, D.,
Character-Stroke Detection for Text-Localization and Extraction,
ICDAR07(33-37).
IEEE DOI Link 0709
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Mancas-Thillou, C., Gosselin, B.,
Spatial and Color Spaces Combination for Natural Scene Text Extraction,
ICIP06(985-988).
IEEE DOI Link 0610
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Farooq, F.[Faisal], Sridharan, K.[Karthik], Govindaraju, V.[Venu],
Identifying Handwritten Text in Mixed Documents,
ICPR06(II: 1142-1145).
IEEE DOI Link 0609
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Shen, H.Y.[Hui-Ying], Coughlan, J.L.[James L.],
Grouping Using Factor Graphs: An Approach for Finding Text with a Camera Phone,
GbRPR07(394-403).
Springer DOI Link 0706
BibRef
Earlier:
Finding Text in Natural Scenes by Figure-Ground Segmentation,
ICPR06(IV: 113-118).
IEEE DOI Link 0609
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And:
Reading LCD/LED Displays with a Camera Cell Phone,
EmbedCV06(119).
IEEE DOI Link 0609
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Claudino, L.M.B.[Leonardo M. B.], Braga, A.P.[Antônio P.], Araújo, A.A.[Arnaldo A.], Oliveira, A.F.[André F.],
Unsupervised Segmentation of Text Fragments in Real Scenes,
CIAP05(399-406).
Springer DOI Link 0509
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Ezaki, N., Kiyota, K., Minh, B.T., Bulacu, M.[Marius], Schomaker, L.R.B.[Lambert R.B.],
Improved text-detection methods for a camera-based text reading system for blind persons,
ICDAR05(I: 257-261).
IEEE DOI Link 0508
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Ezaki, N., Bulacu, M.[Marius], Schomaker, L.R.B.[Lambert R.B.],
Text Detection from Natural Scene Images: Towards a System for Visually Impaired Persons,
ICPR04(II: 683-686).
IEEE DOI Link 0409
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Liu, C.M.[Chun-Mei], Wang, C.H.[Chun-Heng], Dai, R.W.[Ru-Wei],
Text detection in images based on unsupervised classification of edge-based features,
ICDAR05(II: 610-614).
IEEE DOI Link 0508
BibRef

Bargeron, D., Viola, P., Simard, P.Y.,
Boosting-based transductive learning for text detection,
ICDAR05(II: 1166-1171).
IEEE DOI Link 0508
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Li, C.[Chuang], Ding, X.Q.[Xiao-Qing], Wu, Y.S.[You-Shou],
Automatic text location in natural scene images,
ICDAR01(1069-1073).
IEEE DOI Link 0109
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Nourbakhsh, F.[Farshad], Pati, P.B.[Peeta Basa], Ramakrishnan, A.G.,
Text Localization and Extraction from Complex Gray Images,
ICCVGIP06(776-785).
Springer DOI Link 0612
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Raju, S.S.[S. Sabari], Pati, P.B., Ramakrishnan, A.G.,
Text Localization and Extraction from Complex Color Images,
ISVC05(486-493).
Springer DOI Link 0512
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Kim, J.S.[Ji-Soo], Park, S.C.[Sang-Cheol], Kim, S.H.[Soo-Hyung],
Text locating from natural scene images using image intensities,
ICDAR05(II: 655-659).
IEEE DOI Link 0508
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Zhang, D.Q.[Dong-Qing], Chang, S.F.[Shih-Fu],
Learning to Detect Scene Text Using a Higher-Order MRF with Belief Propagation,
LCV04(101).
IEEE DOI Link 0406
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Iwatsuka, K., Yamamoto, K., Kato, K.,
Development of a guide dog system for the blind people with character recognition ability,
ICPR04(I: 453-456).
IEEE DOI Link 0409
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Earlier:
Development of a guide dog system for the blind with character recognition ability,
CRV04(401-405).
IEEE Abstract. 0408
BibRef

Yamaguchi, T., Maruyama, M.,
Character extraction from natural scene images by hierarchical classifiers,
ICPR04(II: 687-690).
IEEE DOI Link 0409
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Song, Y.J., Kim, K.C., Choi, Y.W., Byun, H.R., Kim, S.H., Chi, S.Y., Jang, D.K., Chung, Y.K.,
Text region extraction and text segmentation on camera-captured document style images,
ICDAR05(I: 172-176).
IEEE DOI Link 0508
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Kim, K.C., Byun, H.R., Song, Y.J., Choi, Y.W., Chi, S.Y., Kim, K.K., Chung, Y.K.,
Scene text extraction in natural scene images using hierarchical feature combining and verification,
ICPR04(II: 679-682).
IEEE DOI Link 0409
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Chen, X.R.[Xiang-Rong], Yuille, A.L.,
Detecting and reading text in natural scenes,
CVPR04(II: 366-373).
IEEE DOI Link 0408
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Iso, T., Kurakake, S., Sugimura, T.,
Visual-tag reader: image capture by cell phone camera,
ICIP03(III: 557-560).
IEEE Abstract. 0312
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Mariano, V.Y., Kasturi, R.,
Detection of text marks on moving vehicles,
ICDAR03(393-397).
IEEE Abstract. 0311
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Byun, H.R.[Hye-Ran], Roh, M.C.[Myung-Cheol], Kim, K.C.[Kil-Cheon], Choi, Y.W.[Yeong-Woo], Lee, S.W.[Seong-Whan],
Scene Text Extraction in Complex Images,
DAS02(329 ff.).
HTML Version. 0303
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Kise, K.[Koichi], Tsujino, M.[Masaaki], Matsumoto, K.[Keinosuke],
Spotting Where to Read on Pages: Retrieval of Relevant Parts from Page Images,
DAS02(388 ff.).
HTML Version. 0303
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Yamaguchi, T., Nakano, Y.,
Extraction of place-name from natural scenes,
FHR02(239-243).
IEEE Top Reference. 0209
BibRef

Wang, H.[Hao],
Automatic character location and segmentation in color scene images,
CIAP01(2-7).
IEEE Top Reference. 0210
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Bertucci, E., Pilu, M., Mirmehdi, M.,
Text selection by structured light marking for hand-held cameras,
ICDAR03(555-559).
IEEE Abstract. 0311
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Pilu, M., Pollard, S.,
A light-weight text image processing method for handheld embedded cameras,
BMVC02(Poster Session). 0208
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Perroud, T., Sobottka, K., Bunke, H.,
Text extraction from color documents-clustering approaches in three and four dimensions,
ICDAR01(937-941).
IEEE DOI Link 0109
BibRef

Wang, H.[Hao], Kangas, J.,
Character-like region verification for extracting text in scene images,
ICDAR01(957-962).
IEEE DOI Link 0109
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Jin, N.[Ning], Tang, Y.Y.,
Text area localization under complex-background using wavelet decomposition,
ICDAR01(1126-1130).
IEEE DOI Link 0109
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Wang, X.W.[Xue-Wen], Ding, X.Q.[Xiao-Qing], Liu, C.S.[Chang-Song],
Character extraction and recognition in natural scene images,
ICDAR01(1084-1088).
IEEE DOI Link 0109
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Shiku, O.[Osamu], Kawasue, K.[Kikuhito], Nakamura, A.[Akira],
A Method for Character String Extraction Using Local and Global Segment Crowdedness,
ICPR98(Vol II: 1077-1080).
IEEE DOI Link 9808
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Wu, V.[Victor], Manmatha, R., Riseman, E.M.[Edward M.],
Automatic Text Detection and Recognition,
DARPA97(707-712). BibRef 9700

Wu, V.[Victor], Manmatha, R.,
Text Image Clean-Up and Thresholding: A Comparative Study,
DARPA98(1271-1276). BibRef 9800

Baumann, S., Ben Hadj Ali, M., Dengel, A.R., Jaeger, T., Malburg, M., Weigel, A., Wenzel, C.,
Message Extraction from Printed Documents: A Complete Solution,
ICDAR97(1055-1059).
IEEE DOI Link 9708
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Chutatape, O.[Opas], Li, L.[Li],
Character extraction from scene image using fuzzy entropy and rule-based technique,
CAIP97(597-604).
WWW Version. 9709
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Chapter on OCR, Document Analysis and Character Recognition Systems continues in
Recognize Text from Signs in General Scenes .


Last update:Oct 15, 2014 at 21:10:33