23.2.7 Engineering Drawings, Hand Drawings Analysis

Chapter Contents (Back)
Document Analysis. Drawings. Application, Engineering Drawings. Engineering Drawing Analysis. Sketch. See also Shape from Line Drawings, Junction Labeling. See also Line Vectorization, Document Analysis.

Sedgewick, R.[Robert],
Computer graphics for drafting,
CGIP(3), No. 2, June 1974, pp. 91-124.
WWW Version. 0501
BibRef

Shirai, Y.,
Image Processing for Data Capture,
Computer(15), No. 11, November 1982, pp. 21-34. Survey, Drawing Recognition. Drawing Recognition, Survey. General survey article, but mostly about recognition of drawings. BibRef 8211

Jarvis, J.F.[John F.],
The Line Drawing Editor: Schematic Diagram Editing Using Pattern Recognition Technique,
CGIP(6), No. 5, October 1977, pp. 452-484.
WWW Version. BibRef 7710

Haralick, R.M., and Queeney, D.,
Understanding Engineering Drawings,
CGIP(20), No. 3, November 1982, pp. 244-258.
WWW Version. Application, Engineering Drawings. Find possible matches, and use Haralick tree search to find the compatible one. BibRef 8211

Suetens, P., Dierckx, P., Piessens, R., Oosterlinck, A.,
A Semiautomatic Digitization Method and the Use of Spline Functions in Processing Line Drawings,
CGIP(15), No. 4, April 1981, pp. 390-400.
WWW Version. BibRef 8104

Hosaka, M., and Kimura, F.,
Using Handwriting Action to Construct Models of Engineering Objects,
Computer(15), No. 11, November 1982, pp. 35-47. BibRef 8211

Bunke, H.,
Attributed Programmed Graph Grammars and Their Application to Schematic Diagram Interpretation,
PAMI(4), No. 6, November 1982, pp. 574-582. BibRef 8211

Aldefeld, B.,
On Automatic Recognition of 3D Structures from 2D Representations,
CAD(15), No. 2, 1983, pp. 59-64. Probably related to: BibRef 8300
Automatic 3D Reconstruction from 2D Geometric Part Descriptions,
CVPR83(66-72). See also Understanding Engineering Drawings. BibRef

Nagura, M., and Suenaga, Y.,
A Facsimile-Based Editing System by Auxiliary Mark Recognition,
PAMI(5), No. 4, July 1983, pp. 433-441. BibRef 8307

Tudhope, D.S., Oldfield, J.V.,
A High-Level Recognizer for Schematic Diagrams,
IEEE_CGA(3), No. 3, 1983, pp. 33-40. BibRef 8300

Bley, H.,
Segmentation and Preprocessing of Electrical Schematics Using Picture Graphs,
CVGIP(28), No. 3, December 1984, pp. 271-288.
WWW Version. BibRef 8412

Fukada, Y.,
A Primary Algorithm for the Understanding of Logic Circuit Diagrams,
PR(17), No. 1, 1984, pp. 125-134.
WWW Version. BibRef 8400

Thalmann, D., Demers, L.P., Magnenat-Thalmann, N.,
Locating, Replacing, and Deleting Patterns in Graphics Editing of Line Drawings,
CVGIP(29), No. 1, January 1985, pp. 37-46.
WWW Version. BibRef 8501

Okazaki, A., Kondo, T., Mori, K., Tsunekawa, S., and Kawamoto, E.,
An Automatic Circuit Diagram Reader with Loop-Structure-Based Symbol Recognition,
PAMI(10), No. 3, May 1988, pp. 331-341.
IEEE DOI Link Application, Circuit Diagrams. Recognize Symbols. BibRef 8805

Fahn, C.S., Wang, J.F., and Lee, J.Y.,
A Topology-Based Component Extractor for Understanding Electronic Circuit Diagrams,
CVGIP(44), No. 2, November 1988, pp. 119-138.
WWW Version. Application, Circuit Diagrams. Automatic contour following based on the patterns that can appear. BibRef 8811

Dori, D.,
Dimensioning Analysis, Toward Automatic Understanding of Engineering Drawings,
CACM(35), No. 10, October 1992, pp. 92-103. How to use the dimension information on the drawings. BibRef 9210

Dori, D.,
Self-Structural Syntax-Directed Pattern Recognition of Dimensioning Components in Engineering Drawings,
SDIA92(xx-yy). 0905
BibRef

Dori, D.[Dov], Velkovitch, Y.[Yelena],
Segmentation and Recognition of Dimensioning Text from Engineering Drawings,
CVIU(69), No. 2, February 1998, pp. 196-201.
DOI Link BibRef 9802

Dori, D., and Pnueli, A.,
The Grammar of Dimensions in Machine Drawings,
CVGIP(42), No. 1, April 1988, pp. 1-18.
WWW Version. BibRef 8804

Dori, D.,
A Syntactic/Geometric Approach to Recognition of Dimensions in Engineering Machine Drawings,
CVGIP(47), No. 3, September 1989, pp. 271-291.
WWW Version. Application, Engineering Drawings. BibRef 8909

Dori, D., Liang, Y., Dowel, J., and Chai, I.,
Sparse Pixel Recognition of Primitives in Engineering Drawings,
MVA(6), No. 1, 1993, pp. 69-82. BibRef 9300

Dori, D.,
Representing Pattern Recognition-Embedded Systems through Object-Process Diagrams: The Case of the Machine Drawing Understanding System,
PRL(16), No. 4, 1995, pp. 377-384. See also Vector-Based Arc Segmentation in the Machine Drawing Understanding System Environment. BibRef 9500

Chai, I., and Dori, D.,
Extraction of Text boxes from Engineering Drawings,
SPIE(1661), February 1992, pp. 38-49. BibRef 9202

Suzuki, T.[Toshihiro], Mori, S.J.[Shun-Ji],
Feature extracting method,
US_Patent5,119,445, 06/02/1992.
HTML Version. Turn line drawing into graph representation, then match. BibRef 9206

Vaxiviere, P., and Tombre, K.,
Celesstin: CAD Conversion of Mechanical Drawings,
Computer(25), No. 7, July 1992, pp. 46-54. From drawings to CAD. BibRef 9207

Vaxiviere, P., and Tombre, K.,
Knowledge Organization and Interpretation Process in Engineering Drawing Interpretation,
DAS94(313-321). BibRef 9400

Ah-Soon, C.[Christian], and Tombre, K.[Karl],
A Step Towards Reconstruction of 3-D CAD Models from Engineering Drawings,
DAS95(331-334). BibRef 9500

Joseph, S.H., and Pridmore, T.P.,
Knowledge-Directed Interpretation of Mechanical Engineering Drawings,
PAMI(14), No. 9, September 1992, pp. 928-940.
IEEE DOI Link BibRef 9209

Joseph, S.H.,
Processing of Engineering Line Drawings for Automatic Input to CAD,
PR(22), No. 1, 1989, pp. 1-11.
WWW Version. BibRef 8900

Min, W.D.[Wei-Dong], Tang, Z.[Zesheng], Tang, L.[Long],
Using web grammar to recognize dimensions in engineering drawings,
PR(26), No. 9, September 1993, pp. 1407-1416.
WWW Version. 0401
BibRef

Lai, C.P., Kasturi, R.,
Detection Of Dimension Sets In Engineering Drawings,
PAMI(16), No. 8, August 1994, pp. 848-855.
IEEE DOI Link BibRef 9408

Lysak, Jr., D.B., Devaux, P.M., Kasturi, R.,
View Labeling for Automated Interpretation of Engineering Drawings,
PR(28), No. 3, March 1995, pp. 393-407.
WWW Version. BibRef 9503

Lysak, Jr., D.B., and Kasturi, R.,
Interpreting the Views in Engineering Drawings,
CVPR93(598-599).
IEEE DOI Link BibRef 9300
Earlier:
Interpretation of Line Drawings with Multiple Views,
ICPR90(I: 220-222 vol2).
IEEE DOI Link BibRef

Devaux, P., Lysak, Jr., D.B., Lai, C.P., Kasturi, R.,
A Complete System for Recovery of 3D Shapes from Engineering Drawings,
SCV95(145-150).
IEEE Top Reference. Pennsylvania State University. BibRef 9500

Maruyama, T., Kanda, S., Sato, M., Uchiyama, T.,
Hand-Eye System with Three-Dimensional Vision and Microgripper for Handling Flexible Wire,
MVA(3), No. 4, 1990, pp. xx-yy. BibRef 9000
Earlier:
Development of hand-eye system with 3-D vision and microgripper and its application to assembling flexible wires,
CVPR89(680-685).
IEEE DOI Link 0403
BibRef

Marti, E., Regincos, J., Lopez Krahe, J., and Villanueva, J.J.,
Hand Line Drawing Interpretation as Three-Dimensional Object,
SP(32), 1993, pp. 91-110. BibRef 9300

Llados, J., Lopez Krahe, J., Marti, E.,
A System to Understand Hand-Drawn Floor-Plans Using Subgraph Isomorphism and Hough Transform,
MVA(10), No. 3, 1997, pp. 150-158.
HTML Version. 9709
BibRef

Mas-Romeu, J.[Joan], Sanchez, G.[Gemma], Llados, J.[Josep], Lamiroy, B.[Bart],
An Incremental On-line Parsing Algorithm for Recognizing Sketching Diagrams,
ICDAR07(452-456).
IEEE DOI Link 0709
BibRef
Earlier: A1, A4, A2, A3:
Automatic Adjacency Grammar Generation from User Drawn Sketches,
ICPR06(II: 1026-1029).
IEEE DOI Link 0609
BibRef

Sánchez, G.[Gemma], Valveny, E.[Ernest], Lladós, J.[Josep], Mas-Romeu, J.[Joan], Lozano, N.[Narcís],
A Platform to Extract Knowledge from Graphic Documents. Application to an Architectural Sketch Understanding Scenario,
DAS04(389-400).
WWW Version. 0505
BibRef

Yu, Y.H.[Yu-Hong], Samal, A.[Ashok], Seth, S.C.[Sharad C.],
Isolating Symbols from Connection Lines in a Class of Engineering Drawings,
PR(27), No. 3, March 1994, pp. 391-404.
WWW Version. BibRef 9403

Yu, Y.H.[Yu-Hong], Samal, A.[Ashok], Seth, S.C.[Sharad C.],
A System for Recognizing a Large Class of Engineering Drawings,
PAMI(19), No. 8, August 1997, pp. 868-890.
IEEE DOI Link 9709
BibRef

Shukla, S.[Sudhindra], Samal, A.[Ashok],
Recognition and quality assessment of data charts in mixed-mode documents,
IJDAR(11), No. 3, December 2008, pp. xx-yy.
Springer DOI Link 0804
BibRef

Yu, Y.H.[Yu-Hong],
A System for Engineering Flow Drawing Understanding,
Ph.D.Thesis, Univ. Nebraska-Lincoln, August 1994. BibRef 9408

Saga, S.[Sato], Makino, H.[Hiromi],
System for identifying freehand drawings,
US_Patent5,425,109, June 13, 1995.
WWW Version. BibRef 9506

Arias, J.F., Kasturi, R.,
Efficient Extraction of Primitives from Line-Drawings Composed of Horizontal and Vertical Lines,
MVA(10), No. 4, 1997, pp. 214-221.
HTML Version. 9801
BibRef

Arias, J.F., Balasubramanian, S., Prasad, A., Kasturi, R.,
Information Extraction from Telephone Company Drawings,
CVPR94(729-732).
IEEE DOI Link BibRef 9400

Kasturi, R., Alemany, J.,
Information Extraction from Images of Paper-Based Maps,
SE(14), 1988, pp. 671-675. BibRef 8800

Shih, C.C., Kasturi, R.,
Extraction of graphic primitives from images of paper based line drawings,
MVA(2), No. 2, 1989, pp. 103-113. BibRef 8900

Laine, A., Schuler, S., Girish, V.,
Orthonormal wavelet representations for recognized complex annotations,
MVA(6), No. 2-3, 1993, pp. 110-123. BibRef 9300

Laine, A., Schuler, S.,
Hexagonal Wavelet Representations for Recognizing Complex Annotations,
CVPR94(740-745).
IEEE DOI Link Character Recognition. BibRef 9400

Laine, A.F., Ball, W.E., and Kumar, A.,
A Multiscale Approach for Recognizing Complex Annotations in Engineering Documents,
CVPR91(749-750).
IEEE DOI Link BibRef 9100

Lin, S.C., Ting, C.K.,
A New Approach for Detection of Dimensions Set in Mechanical Drawings,
PRL(18), No. 4, April 1997, pp. 367-373. 9708
BibRef

Das, A.K., Langrana, N.A.,
Recognition and Integration of Dimension Sets in Vectorized Engineering Drawings,
CVIU(68), No. 1, October 1997, pp. 90-108.
DOI Link 9710
BibRef

Langrana, N.A., Chen, Y.A., Das, A.K.,
Feature Identification from Vectorized Mechanical Drawings,
CVIU(68), No. 2, November 1997, pp. 127-145.
DOI Link 9712
BibRef

Kung, L.S., Samin, J.C.,
A procedure of reading mechanical engineering drawings for CAD applications,
SP(32), No. 1-2 1993, pp. 191-200. BibRef 9300

Dori, D., Liu, W.Y.[Wen-Yin],
Automated CAD Conversion with the Machine Drawing Understanding System: Concepts, Algorithms, and Performance,
SMC-A(29), No. 4, July 1999, pp. 411.
IEEE Top Reference. BibRef 9907
And: A2, A1:
Automated CAD Conversion with the Machine Drawing Understanding System,
DAS96(241-259). BibRef

Syeda-Mahmood, T.F.[Tanveer F.],
Indexing of Technical Line Drawing Databases,
PAMI(21), No. 8, August 1999, pp. 737-751.
IEEE DOI Link BibRef 9908
Earlier:
Locating Indexing Structures in Engineering Drawing Databases Using Location Hashing,
CVPR99(I: 49-55).
IEEE DOI Link Line junction analysis. BibRef

Syeda-Mahmood, T.F.[Tanveer F.],
Method of grouping handwritten word segments in handwritten document images,
US_Patent6,108,444, August 22, 2000.
WWW Version. BibRef 0008

Adam, S., Ogier, J.M., Cariou, C., Mullot, R., Labiche, J., Gardes, J.,
Symbol and character recognition: application to engineering drawings,
IJDAR(3), No. 2, 2000, pp. 89-101. 0101
BibRef

Dosch, P.[Philippe], Tombre, K.[Karl], Ah-Soon, C.[Christian], Masini, G.[Gérald],
A complete system for the analysis of architectural drawings,
IJDAR(3), No. 2, 2000, pp. 102-116. 0101
BibRef

Dosch, P.[Philippe], and Masini, G.[Gerald],
Urban Environment Modelling by Fusion of a Cadastral Map and a Digital Elevation Model,
SCIA97(xx-yy)
HTML Version. 9705
BibRef

Ah-Soon, C., Tombre, K.,
Variations on the Analysis of Architectural Drawings,
ICDAR97(347-351).
IEEE DOI Link 9708
BibRef

Masini, G.[Gérald], Mohr, R.[Roger],
Mirabelle: A System for Structural Analysis of Drawings,
PR(16), No. 4, 1983, pp. 363-372.
WWW Version. 9611
BibRef

Ah-Soon, C., Tombre, K.,
Architectural symbol recognition using a network of constraints,
PRL(22), No. 2, February 2001, pp. 231-248.
Elsevier DOI Link 0101
BibRef

Cordella, L.P., Vento, M.,
Symbol recognition in documents: a collection of techniques?,
IJDAR(3), No. 2, 2000, pp. 73-88. 0101
BibRef

Fonseca, M.J.[Manuel J.], Jorge, J.A.[Joaquim A.],
Experimental evaluation of an on-line scribble recognizer,
PRL(22), No. 12, October 2001, pp. 1311-1319.
Elsevier DOI Link 0108
Evaluation, Handwriting. BibRef

Rémi, C.[Céline], Frélicot, C.[Carl], Courtellemont, P.[Pierre],
Automatic analysis of the structuring of children's drawings and writing,
PR(35), No. 5, May 2002, pp. 1059-1069.
WWW Version. 0202
BibRef

Takao, N.[Naoya], Shi, J.B.[Jian-Bo], Baker, S.[Simon],
Tele-Graffiti: A Camera-Projector Based Remote Sketching System with Hand-Based User Interface and Automatic Session Summarization,
IJCV(53), No. 2, July 2003, pp. 115-133.
DOI Link 0304
BibRef

Takao, N.[Naoya], Shi, J.B.[Jian-Bo], Baker, S.[Simon], Matthew, I.[Iain], Nabbe, B.[Bart],
Tele-Graffiti: A Pen and Paper-Based Remote Sketching System,
ICCV01(II: 750).
IEEE DOI Link 0106
BibRef

Tabbone, S.A., Wendling, L., Tombre, K.,
Matching of graphical symbols in line-drawing images using angular signature information,
IJDAR(6), No. 2, 2003, pp. 115-125.
Springer DOI Link 0310
BibRef

Tabbone, S.A., Wendling, L.,
Technical symbols recognition using the two-dimensional radon transform,
ICPR02(III: 200-203).
IEEE DOI Link 0211
BibRef

Wendling, L.[Laurent], Tabbone, S.A.[Salvatore A.],
A New Way to Detect Arrows in Line Drawings,
PAMI(26), No. 7, July 2004, pp. 935-941.
IEEE Abstract. 0406
BibRef
Earlier:
Recognition of arrows in line drawings based on the aggregation of geometric criteria using the Choquet integral,
ICDAR03(299-303).
IEEE Abstract. 0311
Criteria from geometric properties of an arrow. Accumulate with Choquet integral. BibRef

Tabbone, S.A.[Salvatore A.], Wendling, L.[Laurent], Salmon, J.P.,
A new shape descriptor defined on the Radon transform,
CVIU(102), No. 1, April 2006, pp. 42-51.
WWW Version. Radon transform; Distance transform; Shape representation; Shape recognition 0604
BibRef

Salmon, J.P., Wendling, L., Tabbone, S.A.,
Improving the recognition by integrating the combination of descriptors,
IJDAR(9), No. 1, March 2007, pp. 3-12.
Springer DOI Link 0703
BibRef
Earlier:
Automatical definition of measures from the combination of shape descriptors,
ICDAR05(II: 986-990).
IEEE DOI Link 0508
BibRef

Tabbone, S.A., Wendling, L.,
Recognition of symbols in grey level line-drawings from an adaptation of the radon transform,
ICPR04(II: 570-573).
IEEE DOI Link 0409
BibRef

Mudur, S.P., Babji, S.V.[S. Venkata], Shikhare, D.[Dinesh],
Advancing Fan-Front: 3D triangle mesh compression using fan based traversal,
IVC(22), No. 14, 1 December 2004, pp. 1165-1173.
WWW Version. 0412
BibRef

Shikhare, D., Bhakar, S., Mudur, S.P.,
Compression of Large 3-D Engineering Models Using Automatic Discovery of Repeating Geometric Features,
VMV01(xx-yy).
PDF Version. 0209
BibRef

Barbu, E.[Eugen], Heroux, P.[Pierre], Adam, S.[Sebastien], Trupin, É.[Éric],
Frequent Graph Discovery: Application to Line Drawing Document Images,
ELCVIA(5), No. 2, 2005, pp. 47-54.
WWW Version. 0505
BibRef
And:
Clustering document images using a bag of symbols representation,
ICDAR05(II: 1216-1220).
IEEE DOI Link 0508
BibRef

Raveaux, R.[Romain], Adam, S.[Sebastien], Heroux, P.[Pierre], Trupin, E.[Eric],
Learning graph prototypes for shape recognition,
CVIU(115), No. 7, July 2011, pp. 905-918.
Elsevier DOI Link 1106
Graph classification; Graph prototypes; Median graphs; Discriminative graphs; Genetic algorithm; Symbol recognition BibRef

Zhang, W.[Wan], Liu, W.Y.[Wen-Yin], Zhang, K.[Kun],
Symbol Recognition with Kernel Density Matching,
PAMI(28), No. 12, December 2006, pp. 2020-2024.
IEEE DOI Link 0611
Similarity of graphic symbols. BibRef

Liu, Y.[Yin], Liu, W.Y.[Wen-Yin], Jiang, C.J.[Chang-Jun],
A structural approach to recognizing incomplete graphic objects,
ICPR04(I: 371-375).
IEEE DOI Link 0409
BibRef

Lu, T.[Tong], Yang, H.[Huafei], Yang, R.[Ruoyu], Cai, S.J.[Shi-Jie],
Automatic analysis and integration of architectural drawings,
IJDAR(9), No. 1, March 2007, pp. 31-47.
Springer DOI Link 0703
BibRef

Lu, T.[Tong], Tai, C.L.[Chiew-Lan], Yang, H.[Huafei], Cai, S.J.[Shi-Jie],
A Novel Knowledge-Based System for Interpreting Complex Engineering Drawings: Theory, Representation, and Implementation,
PAMI(31), No. 8, August 2009, pp. 1444-1457.
IEEE DOI Link 0906
BibRef

Liu, W.Y.[Wen-Yin], Zhang, W.[Wan], Yan, L.[Luo],
An interactive example-driven approach to graphics recognition in engineering drawings,
IJDAR(9), No. 1, March 2007, pp. 13-29.
Springer DOI Link 0703
BibRef

Davis, R.[Randall],
Magic Paper: Sketch-Understanding Research,
Computer(40), No. 9, September 2007, pp. 34-41.
IEEE DOI Link 0709
BibRef

Ablameyko, S.V.[Sergey V.], Uchida, S.[Seiichi],
Recognition Of Engineering Drawing Entities: Review Of Approaches,
IJIG(7), No. 4, October 2007, pp. 709-733. 0710
BibRef

Feng, G.H.[Gui-Huan], Viard-Gaudin, C.[Christian], Sun, Z.X.[Zheng-Xing],
On-line hand-drawn electric circuit diagram recognition using 2D dynamic programming,
PR(42), No. 12, December 2009, pp. 3215-3223.
Elsevier DOI Link 0909
On-line sketch recognition; Electric circuit diagram; Dynamic programming BibRef

Liu, R.J.[Ru-Jie], Wang, Y.H.[Yue-Hong], Baba, T.[Takayuki], Masumoto, D.[Daiki],
Shape detection from line drawings with local neighborhood structure,
PR(43), No. 5, May 2010, pp. 1907-1916.
Elsevier DOI Link 1003
BibRef
Earlier:
Shape Detection from Line Drawings by Hierarchical Matching,
CAIP09(922-929).
Springer DOI Link 0909
Object detection; Local neighborhood structure; Mean shift BibRef

Liu, R.J.[Ru-Jie], Baba, T.[Takayuki], Masumoto, D.[Daiki],
Attributed Graph Matching Based Engineering Drawings Retrieval,
DAS04(378-388).
WWW Version. 0505
BibRef

Jorge, J.[Joaquim], Samavati, F.[Faramarz], (Eds.)
Sketch-based Interfaces and Modeling,
Springer2011, ISBN: 978-1-84882-811-7
WWW Version. 1101
Click to purchase this book Interfaces and analysis of sketches for computer interface. BibRef

Arandjelovic, R.[Relja], Sezgin, T.M.[Tevfik Metin],
Sketch recognition by fusion of temporal and image-based features,
PR(44), No. 6, June 2011, pp. 1225-1234.
Elsevier DOI Link 1102
User interfaces; Sketch recognition; Graphics recognition BibRef

MacLean, S.[Scott], Labahn, G.[George], Lank, E.[Edward], Marzouk, M.[Mirette], Tausky, D.[David],
Grammar-based techniques for creating ground-truthed sketch corpora,
IJDAR(14), No. 1, March 2011, pp. 65-74.
WWW Version. 1103
BibRef

Shah, D., Schneider, J., Campbell, M.,
A Sketch Interface for Robust and Natural Robot Control,
PIEEE(100), No. 3, March 2012, pp. 604-622.
IEEE DOI Link 1203
BibRef

Almazán, J.[Jon], Fornés, A.[Alicia], Valveny, E.[Ernest],
A non-rigid appearance model for shape description and recognition,
PR(45), No. 9, September 2012, pp. 3105-3113.
Elsevier DOI Link 1206
Shape recognition; Deformable models; Shape modeling; Hand-drawn recognition BibRef

Tirkaz, C.[Caglar], Yanikoglu, B.[Berrin], Sezgin, T.M.[T. Metin],
Sketched symbol recognition with auto-completion,
PR(45), No. 11, November 2012, pp. 3926-3937.
Elsevier DOI Link 1206
BibRef
And:
Memory conscious sketched symbol recognition,
ICPR12(314-317).
WWW Version. 1302
Sketch recognition; Auto-completion; Constrained semi-supervised clustering; Partial sketched symbol recognition BibRef

Haji, M.[Mehdi], Bui, T.D.[Tien D.], Suen, C.Y.[Ching Y.],
Removal of noise patterns in handwritten images using expectation maximization and fuzzy inference systems,
PR(45), No. 12, December 2012, pp. 4237-4249.
Elsevier DOI Link 1208
Denoising; Handwritten images; Recognition; Fuzzy inference systems; Expectation maximization; Optimization BibRef

Kunigami, G.[Guilherme], de Rezende, P.J.[Pedro J.], de Souza, C.C.[Cid C.], Yunes, T.[Tallys],
Generating optimal drawings of physically realizable symbol maps with integer programming,
VC(27), No. 10, October 2011, pp. 1015-1026.
WWW Version. 1209
BibRef

Valentine, S.[Stephanie], Vides, F.[Francisco], Lucchese, G.[George], Turner, D.[David], Kim, H.H.[Hong-Hoe], Li, W.Z.[Wen-Zhe], Linsey, J.[Julie], Hammond, T.[Tracy],
Mechanix: A Sketch-Based Tutoring and Grading System for Free-Body Diagrams,
AIMag(34), No. 1, Spring 2013, pp. 55-66.
WWW Version. 1309
For grading a class where sketches are necessary for exams. BibRef

Ahmed, S.[Sheraz], Weber, M.[Markus], Liwicki, M.[Marcus], Langenhan, C.[Christoph], Dengel, A.R.[Andreas R.], Petzold, F.[Frank],
Automatic analysis and sketch-based retrieval of architectural floor plans,
PRL(35), No. 1, 2014, pp. 91-100.
Elsevier DOI Link 1312
Floor plan analysis BibRef
Earlier: A1, A3, A2, A5, Only:
Improved Automatic Analysis of Architectural Floor Plans,
ICDAR11(864-869).
IEEE DOI Link 1111
BibRef
And: A1, A2, A3, A5, Only:
Text/Graphics Segmentation in Architectural Floor Plans,
ICDAR11(734-738).
IEEE DOI Link 1111
BibRef
Earlier: A2, A3, A5, Only:
a.SCAtch: A Sketch-Based Retrieval for Architectural Floor Plans,
FHR10(289-294).
IEEE DOI Link 1011
BibRef

Ghorbel, A.[Achraf], Anquetil, E.[Eric], Camillerapp, J.[Jean], Lemaitre, A.[Aurélie],
IMISketch: An interactive method for sketch recognition,
PRL(35), No. 1, 2014, pp. 78-90.
Elsevier DOI Link 1312
Sketch recognition BibRef

Henderson, T.C.[Thomas C.],
Analysis of Engineering Drawings and Raster Map Images,
Click to purchase this book Springer2014. ISBN 978-1-4419-8166-0.
WWW Version. 1404
BibRef

Chang, M.D.[Maria D.], Forbus, K.D.[Kenneth D.],
Using Analogy to Cluster Hand-Drawn Sketches for Sketch-Based Educational Software,
AIMag(35), No. 1, Spring 2014, pp. 76.
DOI Link 1408
BibRef

de las Heras, L.P.[Lluís-Pere], Ahmed, S.[Sheraz], Liwicki, M.[Marcus], Valveny, E.[Ernest], Sánchez, G.[Gemma],
Statistical segmentation and structural recognition for floor plan interpretation,
IJDAR(17), No. 3, September 2014, pp. 221-237.
Springer DOI Link 1408
BibRef


Tarafdar, A., Pal, U., Roy, P.P., Ragot, N., Ramel, J.Y.,
A Two-Stage Approach for Word Spotting in Graphical Documents,
ICDAR13(319-323)
IEEE DOI Link 1312
document image processing. Multi-oriented characters and associated lines. BibRef

Li, K.Q.[Ke-Qiang], Lu, X.Q.[Xiao-Qing], Ling, H.B.[Hai-Bin], Liu, L.[Lu], Feng, T.X.[Tian-Xiao], Tang, Z.[Zhi],
Detection of Overlapped Quadrangles in Plane Geometric Figures,
ICDAR13(260-264)
IEEE DOI Link 1312
as in geometry class problems. computational geometry BibRef

Carton, C., Lemaitre, A., Couasnon, B.,
Fusion of Statistical and Structural Information for Flowchart Recognition,
ICDAR13(1210-1214)
IEEE DOI Link 1312
document image processing BibRef

Bresler, M., Prusa, D., Hlavac, V.,
Modeling Flowchart Structure Recognition as a Max-Sum Problem,
ICDAR13(1215-1219)
IEEE DOI Link 1312
combinatorial mathematics BibRef

Fleury, S., Ghorbel, A., Lemaitre, A., Anquetil, E., Jamet, E.,
User-Centered Design of an Interactive Off-Line Handwritten Architectural Floor Plan Recognition,
ICDAR13(1073-1077)
IEEE DOI Link 1312
cognition BibRef

de las Heras, L.P., Fernandez, D., Valveny, E., Llados, J., Sanchez, G.,
Unsupervised Wall Detector in Architectural Floor Plans,
ICDAR13(1245-1249)
IEEE DOI Link 1312
architectural CAD BibRef

Nayef, N., Breuel, T.M.,
Constructing a Hierarchical Structure from Symbol Alphabets of Technical Line Drawings,
ICDAR13(773-777)
IEEE DOI Link 1312
image matching BibRef

Lu, H.Y.[Hai-Yun], Kowalkiewicz, M.,
Text Segmentation in Unconstrained Hand-Drawings in Whiteboard Photos,
DICTA12(1-6).
IEEE DOI Link 1303
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Barducci, A.[Alessio], Marinai, S.[Simone],
Object recognition in floor plans by graphs of white connected components,
ICPR12(298-301).
WWW Version. 1302
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Renau-Ferrer, N.[Ney], Remi, C.[Celine],
Procedural Analysis of a Sketching Activity: Principles and Applications,
FHR12(461-466).
IEEE DOI Link 1302
BibRef

Miyao, H.[Hidetoshi], Maruyama, R.[Rei],
On-Line Handwritten flowchart Recognition, Beautification and Editing System,
FHR12(83-88).
IEEE DOI Link 1302
See also Virtual Example Synthesis Based on PCA for Off-Line Handwritten Character Recognition. See also online handwritten music symbol recognition system, An. BibRef

Sun, Z.B.[Zhen-Bang], Wang, C.H.[Chang-Hu], Zhang, L.Q.[Li-Qing], Zhang, L.[Lei],
Free Hand-Drawn Sketch Segmentation,
ECCV12(I: 626-639).
Springer DOI Link 1210
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Company, P., Varley, P.A.C., Plumed, R., Martin, R.,
Perceiving Ribs in Single-view Wireframe Sketches of Polyhedral Shapes,
ISVC12(II: 557-567).
Springer DOI Link 1209
BibRef

Barber, C.M., Shucksmith, R.J., MacDonald, B.A., Wunsche, B.C.,
Sketch-based robot programming,
IVCNZ10(1-8).
IEEE DOI Link 1203
BibRef

De, P.[Paramita], Mandal, S.[Sekhar], Bhowmick, P.[Partha],
Recognition of electrical symbols in document images using morphology and geometric analysis,
ICIIP11(1-6).
IEEE DOI Link 1112
BibRef

de las Heras, L.P.[Lluis-Pere], Mas, J.[Joan], Sánchez, G.[Gemma], Valveny, E.[Ernest],
Wall Patch-Based Segmentation in Architectural Floorplans,
ICDAR11(1270-1274).
IEEE DOI Link 1111
BibRef

Ghorbel, A.[Achraf], Lemaitre, A.[Aurelie], Anquetil, E.[Eric],
Competitive Hybrid Exploration for Off-Line Sketches Structure Recognition,
FHR12(571-576).
IEEE DOI Link 1302
BibRef

Ghorbel, A.[Achraf], Mace, S.[Sebastien], Lemaitre, A.[Aurelie], Anquetil, E.[Eric],
Interactive Competitive Breadth-First Exploration for Sketch Interpretation,
ICDAR11(1195-1199).
IEEE DOI Link 1111
BibRef

Akce, A.[Abdullah], Bretl, T.[Timothy],
A Probabilistic Language Model for Hand Drawings,
ICPR10(109-112).
IEEE DOI Link 1008
BibRef

Thurau, C.[Christian], Bauckhage, C.[Christian],
Reverse Indexing for Reading Graffiti Tags,
ICPR10(3021-3024).
IEEE DOI Link 1008
BibRef

Ejofodomi, O., Ross, S., Jendoubi, A., Chouikha, M., Zeng, J.C.[Jian-Chao],
Online handwritten circuit recognition on a tablet PC,
AIPR04(241-245).
IEEE DOI Link 0410
BibRef

Sun, W.[Weihan], Kise, K.[Koichi],
Detecting Printed and Handwritten Partial Copies of Line Drawings Embedded in Complex Backgrounds,
ICDAR09(341-345).
IEEE DOI Link 0907
BibRef

Kizu, H.[Hiroaki], Yamamoto, J.[Junko], Takeda, T.[Takeshi], Gyohten, K.[Keiji], Sueda, N.[Naomichi],
2D CAD Data Mining Based on Spatial Relation,
ICDAR09(326-330).
IEEE DOI Link 0907
BibRef

Avola, D.[Danilo], del Buono, A.[Andrea], Gianforme, G.[Giorgio], Paolozzi, S.[Stefano],
A Novel Recognition Approach for Sketch-Based Interfaces,
CIAP09(1015-1024).
Springer DOI Link 0909
General analysis to use for specific applications. BibRef

Femiani, J.C.[John C.], Razdan, A.[Anshuman],
Interval HSV: Extracting ink annotations,
CVPR09(2520-2527).
IEEE DOI Link 0906
BibRef

Mishra, A.K., Fieguth, P.W., Clausi, D.A.,
A Robust Modular Wavelet Network Based Symbol Classifier,
ICIAR09(541-550).
Springer DOI Link 0907
BibRef

Mishra, A.K., Eichel, J.A., Fieguth, P.W., Clausi, D.A.,
VizDraw: A Platform to Convert Online Hand-Drawn Graphics into Computer Graphics,
ICIAR09(377-386).
Springer DOI Link 0907
BibRef

Vill, M.C.[Maria C.], Sablatnig, R.[Robert],
Automated stroke ending analysis for drawing tool classification,
ICPR08(1-4).
IEEE DOI Link 0812
Determine the drawing tool. BibRef

Casella, G.[Giovanni], Deufemia, V.[Vincenzo], Mascardi, V.[Viviana], Martelli, M.[Maurizio], Tortora, G.[Genoveffa],
Reasoning about Hand-Drawn Sketches: An Approach Based on Intelligent Software Agents,
Visual08(xx-yy).
Springer DOI Link 0809
BibRef

Nataneli, G.[Gabriele], Faloutsos, P.[Petros],
Robust Classification of Strokes with SVM and Grouping,
ISVC07(I: 76-87).
Springer DOI Link 0711
Sketch interface. BibRef

Jaskowski, W.[Wojciech], Krawiec, K.[Krzysztof], Wieloch, B.[Bartosz],
Learning and Recognition of Hand-Drawn Shapes Using Generative Genetic Programming,
EvoIASP07(281-290).
Springer DOI Link 0704
BibRef

Casella, G., Deufemia, V., Mascardi, V.,
A Multi-Agent System for Hand-drawn Diagram Recognition,
ICDAR07(739-743).
IEEE DOI Link 0709
BibRef

Shimanuki, H.[Hiroshi], Kato, J.[Jien], Watanabe, T.[Toyohide],
Extracting Features of Paper-made Objects Recognized from Origami Books Based on Design Knowledge,
ICDAR07(1203-1207).
IEEE DOI Link 0709
BibRef

Szwoch, W.[Wioleta],
Recognition, Understanding and Aestheticization of Freehand Drawing Flowcharts,
ICDAR07(1138-1142).
IEEE DOI Link 0709
BibRef

Qi, Y.[Yuan], Szummer, M.[Martin], Minka, T.P.[Thomas P.],
Diagram Structure Recognition by Bayesian Conditional Random Fields,
CVPR05(II: 191-196).
IEEE DOI Link 0507
BibRef

Szummer, M.,
Learning diagram parts with hidden random fields,
ICDAR05(II: 1188-1193).
IEEE DOI Link 0508
BibRef

Rousseau, L., Anquetil, E., Camillerapp, J.[Jean],
Recovery of a drawing order from off-line isolated letters dedicated to on-line recognition,
ICDAR05(II: 1121-1125).
IEEE DOI Link 0508
BibRef

Ditrich, F.[Frank], Suesse, H.[Herbert], Voss, K.[Klaus],
Vectorization-Free Reconstruction of 3D CAD Models from Paper Drawings,
ICIAR04(I: 629-637).
WWW Version. 0409
BibRef
And: DAGM04(463-470).
WWW Version. 0505
BibRef

Futrelle, R.P., Shao, M.Y.[Ming-Yan], Cieslik, C., Grimes, A.E.,
Extraction, layout analysis and classification of diagrams in PDF documents,
ICDAR03(1007-1013).
IEEE Abstract. 0311
BibRef

Guest, R.M., Chindaro, S., Fairhurst, M.C., Potter, J.M.,
Automatic classification of hand drawn geometric shapes using constructional sequence analysis,
ICDAR03(990-994).
IEEE Abstract. 0311
BibRef

Boose, M.L., Shema, D.B., Baum, L.S.,
A scalable solution for integrating illustrated parts drawings into a class IV interactive electronic technical manual,
ICDAR03(309-313).
IEEE Abstract. 0311
BibRef

Lank, E.H.,
A retargetable framework for interactive diagram recognition,
ICDAR03(185-189).
IEEE Abstract. 0311
BibRef

Yan, L.[Luo], Liu, W.Y.[Wen-Yin],
Engineering drawings recognition using a case-based approach,
ICDAR03(190-194).
IEEE Abstract. 0311
BibRef

Henderson, T., Swaminathan, L.,
Symbolic pruning in a structural approach to engineering drawing analysis,
ICDAR03(180-184).
IEEE Abstract. 0311
BibRef

Tombre, K., Lamiroy, B.,
Graphics recognition-from re-engineering to retrieval,
ICDAR03(148-155).
IEEE Abstract. 0311
BibRef

Hadjar, K.[Karim], Hitz, O.[Oliver], Robadey, L.[Lyse], Ingold, R.[Rolf],
Configuration REcognition Model for Complex Reverse Engineering Methods: 2(CREM),
DAS02(469 ff.). 0303
BibRef

Blostein, D., Cordy, J.R., Zanibbi, R.,
Applying compiler techniques to diagram recognition,
ICPR02(III: 123-126).
IEEE DOI Link 0211
BibRef

Liu, W.Y.[Wen-Yin], Qian, W.J.[Wen-Jie], Xiao, R.[Rong], Jin, X.Y.[Xiang-Yu],
Smart Sketchpad-an on-line graphics recognition system,
ICDAR01(1050-1054).
IEEE DOI Link 0109
BibRef

Zhou, Y.P.[Yan-Ping], Tan, C.L.[Chew Lim],
Chart analysis and recognition in document images,
ICDAR01(1055-1058).
IEEE DOI Link 0109
BibRef

Najman, L., Gibot, O., Berche, S.,
Indexing technical drawings using title block structure recognition,
ICDAR01(587-591).
IEEE DOI Link 0109
BibRef

Lecoq, J.C., Najman, L., Gibot, O., Trupin, E.,
Benchmarking commercial OCR engines for technical drawings indexing,
ICDAR01(138-142).
IEEE DOI Link 0109
BibRef

Tabbone, S.A., Wendling, L., Tombre, K.,
Indexing of technical line drawings based on F-signatures,
ICDAR01(1220-1224).
IEEE DOI Link 0109
BibRef

Valois, J.P., Cote, M., Cheriet, M.,
Online recognition of sketched electrical diagrams,
ICDAR01(460-464).
IEEE DOI Link 0109
BibRef

Lank, E., Thorley, J., Chen, S., Blostein, D.,
On-line recognition of UML diagrams,
ICDAR01(356-360).
IEEE DOI Link 0109
BibRef

Chhabra, A.K., Philips, I.T.,
Performance Evaluation of Line Drawing Recognition Systems,
ICPR00(Vol IV: 864-869).
IEEE DOI Link 0009
Evaluation of commercial systems. BibRef

Terzidis, K.,
A System for Extracting Aesthetic Information from Architectural Drawings,
MVA98(xx-yy). BibRef 9800

Kroener, S.[Sabine], Lattner, A.D.,
Authentication of Free Hand Drawings by Pattern Recognition Methods,
ICPR98(Vol I: 462-464).
IEEE DOI Link 9808
BibRef

Poirier, B., Dagenais, M.,
An Interactive System to Extract Structured Text from a Geometrical Representation,
ICDAR97(342-346).
IEEE DOI Link 9708
BibRef

Galindo, D., Faure, C.,
Perceptually-Based Representation of Network Diagrams,
ICDAR97(352-356).
IEEE DOI Link 9708
BibRef

Hutton, G., Cripps, M., Elliman, D.G., Higgins, C.A.,
A Strategy for On-Line Interpretation of Sketched Engineering Drawings,
ICDAR97(771-775).
IEEE DOI Link 9708
BibRef

Kitahashi, T., Ohya, M., Kakusho, K., Babaguchi, N.,
Media Information Processing in Documents: Generation of Manuals of Mechanical Parts Assembling,
ICDAR97(792-796).
IEEE DOI Link 9708
BibRef

Kim, C.W.[Chang-Wun], Hong, M.W.[Myoung-Woo], Nishihara, S.,
Reconstructing 3-D Models with Algebraic Curved Surfaces from Three-View Drawings,
ICPR96(I: 854-858).
IEEE DOI Link 9608
(Korea Univ., KOR) BibRef

Kim, C., Inoue, M., Nishihara, S.,
Understanding Three-View Drawings Based on Heuristics,
ICPR92(I:514-517).
IEEE DOI Link BibRef 9200

Arias, J.F., Prasad, A., Kasturi, R., Chhabra, A.,
Interpretation of telephone company central office equipment drawings,
ICPR94(B:310-314).
IEEE DOI Link 9410
BibRef

Marcu, G.[Gabriel], Abe, S.[Satoshi],
Blue-print document analysis for color classification,
CIAP95(569-574).
Springer DOI Link 9509
BibRef

Yu, B., and Lin, X.,
The Extended Binary Tree Representation of Binary Image and Its Application to Engineering Drawing Entry,
ICPR90(II: 109-114).
IEEE DOI Link Application, Engineering Drawings. The results are on a larger image than usual. BibRef 9000

Donnelly, T., and Martin, W.N.,
DRACAP: Drawing Capture for Electronic Schematics,
CVWS87(274-276). Recognize Schematic drawings. This is a high-level vision system description that does schematic drawing recognition. BibRef 8700

Boatto, L., Consorti, V., del Buono, M., Eramo, V., Esposito, A., Melcarne, F., Meucci, M., Morelli, A., Mosciatti, M., Spirito, A., Tucci, M.,
Detection and separation of symbols connected to graphics in line drawings,
ICPR92(II:545-548).
IEEE DOI Link 9208
BibRef

Kato, H., and Inokuchi, S.,
The Recognition Method for Roughly Hand-Drawn Logical Diagrams Based on Hybrid Utilization of Multi-Layered Knowledge,
ICPR90(I: 578-582).
IEEE DOI Link BibRef 9000

Yoroizawa, I., Sakita, K., Shimaya, A., Kosugi, M.,
A Drawing Scene Perception Model Based On The Human Visual System,
ICPR92(I:496-499).
IEEE DOI Link BibRef 9200

Koutamanis, A., Mitossi, V.,
Automated Recognition Of Architectural Drawings,
ICPR92(I:660-663).
IEEE DOI Link BibRef 9200

Nishihara, S., Ikeda, K.,
Interpreting Engineering Drawings of Polyhedrons,
ICPR88(II: 869-871).
IEEE DOI Link
IEEE Top Reference. BibRef 8800

Kim, S.H., Suh, J.W., Kim, J.H.,
Recognition of Logic Diagrams by Identifying Loops and Rectilinear Polylines,
ICDAR93(349-352). BibRef 9300

Takamura, S.[Seishi], Takagi, M.[Mikio],
Recognition of handwritten layout drawings,
CAIP93(604-608).
Springer DOI Link 9309
BibRef

Krause, F.L., Jansen, H., Luth, N.,
Automatic recognition of scanned technical drawings,
CAIP93(609-613).
Springer DOI Link 9309
BibRef

Lee, S.W.,
Recognizing Hand-Drawn Electrical Circuit Symbols with Attributed Graph Matching,
SDIA92(xx-yy). 0905
BibRef

Chapter on OCR, Document Analysis and Character Recognition Systems continues in
Formulas, Equations, Mathematical Expressions, Mathematical Symbols .


Last update:Aug 22, 2014 at 19:15:55